Cover

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Title page, Copyright, Dedication

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Contents

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Introduction

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pp. 1-10

Set off by the collapse of communism in Europe and the demise of the Soviet Union, the global resurgence of democracy has become a pivotal political trend in contemporary international politics. The wave of democratization that swept across Eastern and Central Europe and rippled...

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1. Political Regimes in Central Asia

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pp. 11-22

The seeds of democratization were planted in Soviet territory in the mid- 1980s, when Mikhail Gorbachev, the Soviet Union’s charismatic and progressive new leader, launched his extraordinary perestroika and glasnost reforms. Gorbachev’s limited democratization measures removed...

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2. A Framing Perspective on Democracy Promotion

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pp. 23-34

The diverse literature on democracy promotion spotlights the impact of international factors in the process of democratization. It presumes that the political strategies of international actors can shape the nature and outcome of reforms in transitional states.1 This book’s approach to democracy...

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3. Western Perspectives on Democracy in Central Asia

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pp. 35-56

The United States and the European Union quickly established diplomatic relations with all the Central Asian republics that emerged from the wreckage of the Soviet Union. Initially, however, Central Asia was of little relevance to them. The EU was preoccupied with more urgent priorities...

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4. Models of Governance Promoted by Russia and China

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pp. 57-72

In the early 1990s Russia nearly abandoned Central Asia, focusing instead on establishing relations with the Western states. Interest in the region grew stronger in 1993–1994 on the basis of growing nationalist sentiment in Moscow and disillusionment with the West. Russia declared a desire...

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5. Central Asian Democracy Frames

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pp. 73-92

In the last quarter of the twentieth century, democratic issues made headway in the international context. Democracy became a widely recognized principle for effective and legitimate rule that can be dismissed only at the risk of international isolation and loss of reputation at home and abroad...

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6. Democracy in the Public Eye

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pp. 93-114

As discussed in chapter 2 of this book, the framing of contentious issues may entail significant political and social consequences. Successful issue frames can not only engender temporary opinion shifts in the target population but also change individuals’ underlying understandings...

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7. Assessing the Effectiveness of Democracy Promotion Frames

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pp. 115-132

As discussed in chapter 2, democracy promotion is a type of political influence whereby an actor—a state, an international organization, or one’s own government—attempts to induce other states or its own society to accept the norms, beliefs, and policies favored by this actor. Since this...

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Conclusion

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pp. 133-146

Democracy promotion efforts have accelerated around the globe since the fall of communism in Eastern and Central Europe and the demise of the USSR. Despite the substantial amount of assistance allocated to international democratization and the multiple actors involved, the...

Acknowledgments

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pp. 147-148

Appendix A

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pp. 149-154

Appendix B

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pp. 155-158

Notes

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pp. 159-188

Bibliography

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pp. 189-208

Index

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pp. 209-222