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Indiana University Press
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The trial of the "German doctors" exposed atrocities of Nazi medical science and led to the Nuremberg Code governing human experimentation. In Japan, Unit 731 carried out hideous experiments on captured Chinese and downed American pilots. In the United States, stories linger of biological experimentation during the Korean War. This collection of essays looks at the dark medical research conducted during and after World War II. Contributors describe this research, how it was brought to light, and the rationalizations of those who perpetrated and benefited from it.

Table of Contents

  1. COVER
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  1. CONTENTS
  2. pp. vi-viii
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  1. PREFACE
  2. pp. ix-x
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  1. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  2. pp. xi-xii
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  1. INTRODUCTION: THE KNOWLEDGE TREE AND ITS DOUBLE FRUIT
  2. pp. 1-12
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  1. PART ONE: THE GRUESOME PAST AND LESSONS NOT YET LEARNED
  2. p. 13
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  1. 1. RATIONALIZING UNETHICAL MEDICAL RESEARCH: TAKING SERIOUSLY THE CASE OF VICTOR VON WEIZSACKER
  2. pp. 15-29
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  1. 2. MEDICAL RESEARCH, MORALITY, AND HISTORY: THE GERMAN JOURNAL ETHIK AND THE LIMITS OF HUMAN EXPERIMENTATION
  2. pp. 30-45
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  1. 3. EXPERIMENTATION ON HUMANS AND INFORMED CONSENT: HOW WE ARRIVED WHERE WE ARE
  2. pp. 46-56
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  1. 4. THE SILENCE OF THE SCHOLARS
  2. pp. 57-62
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  1. 5. THE ETHICS OF EVIL: THE CHALLENGE AND THE LESSONS OF NAZI MEDICAL EXPERIMENTS
  2. pp. 63-72
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  1. 6. UNIT 731 AND THE HUMAN SKULLS DISCOVERED IN 1989: PHYSICIANS CARRYING OUT ORGANIZED CRIMES
  2. pp. 74-84
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  1. 7. BIOHAZARD: UNIT 731 IN POSTWAR JAPANESE POLITICS OF NATIONAL "FORGETFULNESS"
  2. pp. 85-104
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  1. 8. BIOLOGICAL WEAPONS: THE UNITED STATES AND THE KOREAN WAR
  2. pp. 105-120
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  1. 9. EXPERIMENTAL INJURY: WOUND BALLISTICS AND AVIATION MEDICINE IN MID-CENTURY AMERICAN
  2. pp. 121-145
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  1. 10. STUMBLING TOWARD BIOETHICS: HUMAN EXPERIMENTS POLICY AND THE EARLY COLD WAR
  2. p. 146
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  1. PART TWO: THE CONFLICTED PRESENT AND THE WORRISOME FUTURE
  2. p. 147
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  1. 11. TOWARD AN ETHICS OF IATROGENESIS
  2. pp. 149-164
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  1. 12. STRATEGIES FOR SURVIVAL VERSUS ACCEPTING IMPERMANENCE: RATIONALIZING BRAIN DEATH AND ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION TODAY
  2. pp. 165-179
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  1. 13. THE AGE OF A "REVOLUTIONIZED HUMAN BODY" AND THE RIGHT TO DIE
  2. pp. 180-221
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  1. 14. WHY WE MUST BE PRUDENT IN RESEARCH USING HUMAN EMBROS: DIFFERING VIEWS OF HUMAN DIGNITY
  2. p. 222
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  1. 15. EUGENICS, REPRODUCTIVE TECHNOLOGIES, AND THE FEMINIST DILEMMA IN JAPAN
  2. pp. 223-232
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  1. 16. REFUSING UTOPIA'S BAIT: RESEARCH, RATIONALIZATIONS, AND HANS JONAS
  2. pp. 233-245
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  1. CONTRIBUTORS
  2. pp. 247-252
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  1. INDEX
  2. pp. 253-259
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