Cover

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Title page, Copyright, Dedication

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Contents

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Introduction. Life Support: India’s Production of Vital Energy

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pp. 1-24

In October 2002, an article was published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) on the phenomenon of impoverished people in India selling kidneys for transplant.¹ The JAMA publication was one of the first in mainstream medicine to recognize the existence of the international...

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1. Limits of Labor: Affect and the Biological in Transnational Surrogacy and Service Work

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pp. 25-42

This chapter traces a colonial history of biological and affective labor to provide the necessary foundation for understanding how exploitation operates in Indian transnational contexts like call centers and commercial surrogacy. In conversation with feminist critiques of labor, the imperial legacies...

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2. Call Center Agents: Commodified Affect and the Biocapital of Care

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pp. 43-66

The Bangalore butler is the latest development in offshore outsourcing,” announced Steve Lohr in a 2008 New York Times article, referring to the growth of long-distance customer service into the realm of personal assistants and primary and secondary school tutors.¹ The Bangalore butler is a compelling...

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3. Information Technology Professionals: Innovation and Uncertain Futures

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pp. 67-102

In popular magazine articles about outsourcing to India, journalists writing for U.S.-based magazines in the late 1990s to mid-2000s countered fear of American workers’ future obsolescence by asserting that the creative and innovative work of U.S. labor would always be essential for world economic...

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4. Transnational Gestational Surrogacy: Expectation and Exchange

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pp. 103-140

The Manushi fertility clinic, located in northwestern India,¹ features a gestational surrogacy practice that caters equally to affluent, primarily urban-based Indians and to transnational clientele from the United States, United Kingdom, Israel, Japan, Taiwan, France, and Germany, as well as other...

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Epilogue: Imperial Pasts and Mortgaged Futures

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pp. 141-148

"Did my iPhone kill 17 people?” Joel Johnson asks in his investigative report on Shenzhen’s Foxconn facilities in a Wired magazine article published in 2011.¹ The concerns voiced by the author and those he represents, the consumers of iPhones, are not framed as a socialist-style politics of “workers...

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Acknowledgments

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pp. 149-152

Scholarly work entails an ongoing reciprocity that exceeds quantification, and thus my work is beholden to many who have read, written, and thought together with me in the past decade. The sense of problem and project that eventually took shape in this book arose when I was at the University of California...

Notes

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pp. 153-174

Index

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pp. 175-185