Cover

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Title Page, Copyright, Memoriam

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Contents

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pp. vii-viii

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Preface

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pp. ix-xxii

This book is intended as a catalyst. I hope it will cause readers to take a fresh look at the vivid and various patterns within Hawaii's pastoral and heroic literary traditions. As a literary history, the book covers two centuries of Hawaii's culture since Captain James Cook's arrival in 1778. ...

About Spelling and Capitalization

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pp. xxiii-xxiv

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Myths at First Sight

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pp. 3-19

For as far back as memory can recall, the pastoral and the heroic have been inseparable in Hawaii's oral and written literatures, in the literatures' underlying myths and mythologies, in popular images of Hawai'i, and in Hawaii's actual history. From one point of view, the Hawai'i pastoral, an idealization of a simple life free of strife, ...

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Paradise of the Pacific? Nineteenth-Century Prototypes in American Literature

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pp. 20-56

n its century and well into ours, Herman Melville's Typee (1846) has stood as the most prominent early novel of the South Seas written by one who actually explored Pacific island valleys and lived among its inhabitants. Fashioning a mix of fact, adventure narrative, parody, and myth, Melville gave his contemporary audience the exotic tale they wanted. ...

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Hawaii's Pastoral: From Mele Hula to the Childhood Idyll

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pp. 57-109

Whether their natures be understood or misunderstood, whether they be respected or considered frivolous, Hawaii's songs form the literary and cultural bases for Hawaii's pastoral today. In the popular imagination, Hawaii's songs embody the love, the loveliness, and the simple sentiments attributed to Hawaii's people and their paradisiacal island home. ...

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Hawaii's Complex Idyll: All I Asking for Is My Body and Waimea Summer

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pp. 110-163

Two novels published within a year of each other mark the coming of age of the homegrown, complex pastoral of Hawai'i. Each one is a Bildungsroman plotting the development of the narrator's psyche and values. Both begin in the childhood idyll; yet both include elements of the heroic, ...

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Hawaii's Heroic Literature: "Our People, Our History"

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pp. 164-225

When one evening III the early 1950s, O. A. Bushnell saw a stage drama about Captain James Cook, he muttered, "I can write one more better one." To prove it, he resumed a serious hobby of writing that has resulted not only in The Return of Lono: A Novel of Captain Cook's Last Voyage (1956) but four subsequent historical novels of Hawai'i as well.1...

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Hawaii's Local Literary Tradition: "To Speak of Things So Real"

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pp. 226-272

Joining native Hawaiian oral traditions, over the course of two centuries a substantial body of literature has been created by Hawaii's polyethnic writers. Hawaii's complex pastoral and heroic represent other and larger relations among literary elements which, in concert, give whole voice to Hawaii's cultures. ...

Notes

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pp. 273-306

Bibliography

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pp. 307-322

Index

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pp. 323-330