In this Book

The Struggle for Black Freedom in Miami
summary
Offering new insights into Florida's position within the cultural legacy of the South, The Struggle for Black Freedom in Miami explores the long fight for civil rights in one of the country's most popular tourist destinations. Chanelle N. Rose examines how the sustained tourism and rapid demographic changes that characterized Miami for much of the twentieth century undermined constructions of blackness and whiteness that remained more firmly entrenched in other parts of the South.

The convergence of cultural practices in Miami from the American South and North, the Caribbean, and Latin America created a border community that never fit comfortably within the paradigm of the Deep South experience. As white civic elites scrambled to secure the city's burgeoning reputation as the "Gateway to the Americas," an influx of Spanish-speaking migrants and tourists had a transformative effect on conventional notions of blackness. Business owners and city boosters resisted arbitrary racial distinctions and even permitted dark-skinned Latinos access to public accommodations that were otherwise off limits to nonwhites in the South. At the same time, civil-rights activists waged a fierce battle against the antiblack discrimination and violence that lay beneath the public image of Miami as a place relatively tolerant of racial diversity.

In its exploration of regional distinctions, transnational forces, and the effect of both on the civil rights battle, The Struggle for Black Freedom in Miami complicates the black/white binary and offers a new way of understanding the complexity of racial traditions and white supremacy in southern metropolises like Miami.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. v-vi
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. vii-x
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  1. Abbreviations
  2. pp. xi-xvi
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  1. Introduction
  2. pp. 1-12
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  1. Part I. The Racial Politics of Boosterism, Black Protest, and Jim Crow Tourism
  2. pp. 13-14
  1. 1. African American Boosters, Bahamian Transnationals, and Garveyites
  2. pp. 15-41
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  1. 2. Black Protest in New Deal South Florida’s Magic City
  2. pp. 42-68
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  1. Part II. Post–World War II Protest, Northern Migration, and the Illusion of Moderation
  2. pp. 69-70
  1. 3. Black Activism in a Jim Crow Tourist City
  2. pp. 71-91
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  1. 4. America’s Paradise Exposed: Cold War Hysteria and the Emergence of a Black-Jewish Alliance
  2. pp. 92-114
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  1. 5. The Transformation of the Miami NAACP
  2. pp. 115-134
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  1. Part III. Civil Rights Liberalism and Black Power in America’s Burgeoning Tri-Ethnic City
  2. pp. 135-136
  1. 6. Governor LeRoy Collins, the Politics of Gradualism, and School Desegregation in Dade County
  2. pp. 137-162
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  1. 7. The Latinization of Miami and the Modern Civil Rights Movement
  2. pp. 163-188
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  1. 8. The “Mayor of the Americas” and Interracial Cooperation
  2. pp. 189-211
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  1. 9. Cuban Exiles, Black Power, and an Emerging New Racial Order
  2. pp. 212-240
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  1. Epilogue
  2. pp. 241-250
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 251-300
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 301-315
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  1. Illustrations
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