Cover

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Title Page, Copyright

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pp. i-iv

Contents

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pp. v-vi

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Preface

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pp. vii-x

Embryo research is one of the few political issues with no historical precedent. When does human life in the laboratory begin and deserve protection? When may embryos be destroyed to advance biomedical progress? These ethical and policy questions...

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Introduction

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pp. 1-20

Nineteen sixty-eight was a pivotal year. On both sides of the Atlantic, youth protest and civil unrest shook the foundations of the social and political order, marking an end to the postwar era. This book traces the legacy of another 1968...

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Chapter 1 - The Emergence of Ethical Controversy

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pp. 21-69

The human embryo only slowly emerged as an object of ethical controversy. A first alleged account of human in vitro fertilization, reported by the New York Times in 1944, occasioned little public reaction. News stories about work with embryos appeared intermittently during...

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Chapter 2 - First Embryo Research Regimes

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pp. 70-119

The embryo did not become the object of open political struggle in Atlantic democracies until the second half of the 1980s. Ethical debates that began in the 1970s, centered among scientists, doctors, philosophers, and theologians, gained wider public...

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Chapter 3 - The Ethics of Embryonic Stem Cell Research

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pp. 120-168

The successful isolation of human embryonic stem cells in a Wisconsin laboratory in 1998 marked a critical juncture in embryo politics. Over the previous three decades, ethical and political controversy had revolved mainly around the moral status of embryos...

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Chapter 4 - Stem Cell and Cloning Politics

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pp. 169-232

By the mid-1990s a first wave of national policy struggles over embryo research had ended. After years of controversy, first the United Kingdom and Germany and then France and the United States had instituted legal regimes between 1990 and 1995 to govern the...

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Conclusion

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pp. 233-258

We are just over four decades into a new era. In the years after 1968, the living human embryo moved out of the darkness of the womb and into the light of the laboratory for the first time. Over the next four decades further breakthroughs included...

Bibliography

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pp. 259-282

Index

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pp. 283-294