Cover

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Title page, Series page, Copyright, Dedication, Epithet

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Contents

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Preface

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pp. xi-xiv

Many years ago I was asked to give a lecture on nineteenth-century Mormon housing at the annual Fife Folklore Conference in Logan, Utah. As a graduate student at Indiana University’s Folklore Institute, I had just started a dissertation on Mormon architecture in Nauvoo, Illinois, so this opportunity...

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Note on Illustrations

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pp. xv-xvi

The majority of drawings in this book are based on original fieldwork conducted in the Sanpete Valley of Utah during a period of ten years, from 1978 to 1988. An assortment of colleagues, friends, and students assisted me in this work. University of Utah graduate student Cory Jensen transformed...

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Introduction

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pp. xvii-xxxii

On April 25, 1877, LDS Church president Brigham Young and a small band of followers climbed the hill above the town of Manti, Utah, to dedicate the site for a new Mormon temple. A cold wind blew rain from the northwest; the audience waited, huddling for warmth. Young’s voice soon...

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1. Faith and Works: A Historical Framework

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pp. 1-22

The Mormon families who made their way to the Sanpete Valley after 1849 were a well-traveled and diverse lot. The core group, which included most of the valley’s early leaders, came from New England and had been part of the Mormon Church since its founding in Upstate New York...

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2. The Settlement Matrix: Towns and Temples

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pp. 23-63

Even as the first Mormons entered the Salt Lake Valley in 1847, a program for consolidating their dearly bought freedom began. The building of Zion subsumed a combined policy of self-sufficiency and land occupation. By promoting home industry, cooperation, and abstinence, church leaders...

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3. According to Need: Family Stewardships and the Distribution of Resources

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pp. 64-92

In February 1851, Bishop John Lowry of Manti rose in Sunday meeting and spoke on “the importance of every one looking to himself and setting his own family in order showing the order of God in this principle [and] showing the blessings desired there from by families being set in order...

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4. Frontier Fashion: Domestic Architecture and Individual Display

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pp. 93-133

Sometimes the best way to make a point is simply to repeat it so often that it finally sinks in. This certainly seems the case when it comes to Mormon housing, for church leaders spoke a great deal about domestic architecture and the message was always the same: “If you wish to build a...

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5. Polygamy and Patriarchy: Women in the Landscape

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pp. 134-174

Consumption for many Sanpete men meant owning a fine house, but during the Zion-making years they could also have satisfied the drive for accumulation by having more than one wife (Figure 5.1). Data from the 1870 census indicates that almost a third (30 percent) of all Sanpete households...

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6. Business As Usual: The Americanization of the Mormon Main Street

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pp. 175-208

A newspaper description of Fairview from 1900 reported that the town “contains four general stores, one furniture store, one harness shop, two hotels, one butcher shop, and a planning mill [sic], half a dozen steam sawmills, good public schools and a great number of comfortable homes...

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7. Meetinghouses: The Search for Mormon Identity

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pp. 209-239

One challenge facing Zion makers lay in creating a distinctive Mormon style in religious architecture. Such a style was needed if this upstart religion, proclaiming itself the restoration of Christ’s true church to earth in the Last Days, was not only going to distinguish itself from established...

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8. Mansion on the Hill: The Temple as Ritual Space

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pp. 240-273

In October 1877, following the death of Brigham Young, John Taylor assumed the office of acting LDS Church president (he would not be officially appointed until 1880). One of Taylor’s first official undertakings was to notify William H. Folsom of his appointment “by the Council of the Apostles...

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Conclusion: The Enduring Zion

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pp. 274-284

In a thoughtful essay, critic Edward Rothstein poses the question of just how much can be expected in the name of utopian idealism. The very idea of utopia speaks of perfection—making and living in a perfect world. But how can imperfect people achieve such an elevated condition? “The closer...

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Acknowledgments

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pp. 285-288

a study that spans a career accrues a great number of debts, so many that it would be impossible to name all those who helped along the way. In fact, at times the whole project collapses into a life dream: telling Ann about a day of fieldwork that included sitting around a piano drinking wine...

Notes

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pp. 289-320

Index

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pp. 321-334