Cover

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Title Page, Copyright

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Foreword

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pp. v-vii

It has been the author's intention in writing An American Philosophy of Social Security to assist the concerned layman in understanding one of the most important developments in American social legislation in...

Contents

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pp. ix-x

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1. The Genesis of Social Security in America:An Intimate Account of a Critical Period,1934-35

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pp. 3-24

Social security has now become a common and comforting expression in the American language. More important, it has become a meaningful factor in meeting the contingencies of life for nine out of ten...

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2. The American Social Security Program Today

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pp. 25-42

Even to those who have been closely concerned in the development of the American social security program since its beginnings in 1934, the present size and scope of the program's operations seem too vast to have...

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3. The Process of Implementing a Philosophy: The Role of Advisory Councils, 1937-71

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pp. 43-54

Before entering upon an analysis of the particular elements of philosophy and policy which have been implemented in the evolving structure of the American social security system, or of other policies which, it is...

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4. Issues Concerning the Function and Scopeof OASDI

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pp. 55-64

From its earliest development in this country, the purpose of contributory old age insurance has been to build a middle layer of protection for persons in old age which lies between the residual, lower layer of...

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5. Issues Concerning the Function and Scopeof OASDI

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pp. 65-80

One of the toughest battles in the legislative development of the Social Security Act in 1935 was over the issue whether the new federal old age insurance program should parallel rather than undergird industrial...

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6. Issues Related to Contributions by Workersand Employers

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pp. 81-95

Compared to poor relief or public assistance, social insurance is a very specialized social instrument. To understand its special character, it is necessary to understand its long evolution from the various types of mutual...

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7. The Issue of Financial Support ofSocial Insurance by Government

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pp. 96-110

It is an unfortunate paradox that the assumptions which led workers and progressive employers in America to accept the imposition of contributions through payroll taxes for the support of an old age insurance...

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8. General Issues in Respect to the Contingencies Covered under Social Insurance

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pp. 111-115

In order το determine the contingencies against which social insurance can effectively provide protection, it is necessary to define the essential elements of the mechanism. First, under social insurance as a form...

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9. The Determination of the Contingency to be Covered under Old Age Insurance

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pp. 116-130

Since 1935, when social insurance was instituted to indemnify the loss of earnings because of age, it has been expanded to cover wives, widows, widowers, children, and dependent parents of primary beneficiaries...

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10. The Coverage of Dependents and Survivors

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pp. 131-150

No aspect of the early history of the American social security program illustrates more clearly the climate of desperate urgency in which the old age staff of the Committee on Economic Security labored in the fall...

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11. The Coverage of the Disabled

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pp. 151-162

The essential logic of protecting workers against the loss of earnings and self-sufficiency because of the onset of permanent and total disability before normal retirement became clear to the planners of the American...

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12. The Determination of Individual Benefits

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pp. 163-178

An important decision of the staff of the Committee on Economic Security assigned to old age security in 1934 received little attention at the time but has had fundamental effect on the OASDI system ever since...

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13. The General Problems of Financing the OASDI Program

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pp. 179-193

Social security in the United States, as implemented by the Social Security Act of 1935, had its genesis in the midst of a vigorous debate on how a contributory social insurance system should be financed...

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14. The Evolution and General Structureof Medicare

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pp. 194-209

The history of the development of health insurance in the United States is an example of the power of an obdurate and entrenched minority to hold back progress for the vast majority of a people. This entrenched...

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15. Health Care: The Expanding Frontier ofSocial Security

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pp. 210-227

As one reviews the history of social security in the United States, it becomes obvious that in one of the most important areas of human need, that for adequate health services, we have introduced social insurance...

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16. The Essentials of an Effective Program for Social Security in the United States

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pp. 228-233

Since the Great Depression of the early 1930's, the United States has moved a long way in developing an effective national system of social security. It still has a long way to go. In the progress of organized societies...

Appendix

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pp. 234-240

Index

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pp. 241-244