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After Ellis Island
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After Ellis Island is an unprecedented study of America's foreign-born population at a critical juncture in immigration history. The new century had witnessed a tremendous surge in European immigration, and by 1910 immigrants and their children numbered nearly one third of the U.S. population. The census of that year drew from these newcomers a particularly rich trove of descriptive information, one from which the contributors to After Ellis Island draw to create an unmatched profile of American society in transition.

Chapters written especially for this volume explore many aspects of the immigrants' lives, such as where they settled, the jobs they held, how long they remained in school, and whether or not they learned to speak English. More than a demographic catalog, After Ellis Island employs a wide range of comparisons among ethnic groups to probe whether differences in childbirth, child mortality, and education could be traced to cultural or environmental causes. Did differences in schooling levels diminish among groups in the same social and economic circumstances, or did they persist along ethnic lines? Did absorption into mainstream America—measured through duration of U.S. residence, neighborhood mingling, and ability to speak English—blur ethnic differences and increase chances for success? After Ellis Island also shows how immigrants eased the nation's transition from agriculture to manufacturing by providing essential industrial laborers.

After Ellis Island offers a major assessment of ethnic diversity in early twentieth century American society. The questions it addresses about assimilation and employment among immigrants in 1910 acquire even greater significance as we observe a renewed surge of foreign arrivals. This volume will be valuable to sociologists and historians of immigration, to demographers and economists, and to all those interested in the relationship of ethnicity to opportunity.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright
  2. pp. i-iv
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. v-vi
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  1. Contributors
  2. pp. vii-viii
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  1. Preface
  2. pp. ix-xii
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  1. List of Tables
  2. pp. xiii-xvi
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  1. List of Figures
  2. pp. xvii-xviii
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  1. Chapter 1. Introduction
  2. Susan Cotts Watkins
  3. pp. 1-10
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  1. Chapter 2. Background: About the 1910 Census
  2. Susan Cotts Watkins
  3. pp. 11-34
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  1. Chapter 3. Child Mortality Differences by Ethnicity and Race in the United States: 1900-1910
  2. Samuel H. Preston, Douglas Ewbamk, and Mark Hereward
  3. pp. 35-82
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  1. Chapter 4. Generating Americans: Ethnic Differences in Fertility
  2. S. Philip Morgan, Susan Cotts Watkins, and Douglas Ewbank
  3. pp. 83-124
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  1. Chapter 5. Under the Same Roof: Family and Household Structure
  2. Andrew T. Miller, S. Philip Morgan, and Antonio McDaniel
  3. pp. 125-174
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  1. Chapter 6. Ethnic Neighbors and Ethnic Myths: An Examination of Residential Segregation in 1910
  2. Michael J. White, Robert F. Dymowski, and Shilian Wang
  3. pp. 175-208
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  1. Chapter 7. Race and Ethnicity, Social Class, and Schooling
  2. Jerry A. Jacobs and Margaret E. Greene
  3. pp. 209-256
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  1. Chapter 8. The Industrial Affiliation of Workers: Differences by Nativity and Country of Origin
  2. Ann R. Miller
  3. pp. 257-318
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  1. Afterword: America's Immigrants in the 1910 Census Monograph: Where Can We Who Do It Differently Go from Here?
  2. Ewa Morawska
  3. pp. 319-350
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  1. Appendix A: An Introduction to the Public Use Sample of the 1910 U.S. Census of Population
  2. Michael A. Strong, Samuel H. Preston, and Mark C. Hereward
  3. pp. 351-356
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  1. Appendix B: A Tabular Presentation of Immigrant Characteristics, by Ethnic Group
  2. Susan Cotts Watkins and Arodys Robles
  3. pp. 357-410
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  1. Bibliography
  2. pp. 411-432
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 433-451
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