Cover

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Title Page, About the Series, Copyright

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Contents

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pp. v-vi

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Introduction

Reynolds Farley, John Haaga

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pp. vii-xiv

The Framers of the Constitution faced challenging problems about how to allocate representation in Congress, how to levy taxes---this was long before the days of an income tax—and how to deal with slaves when counting the population. Recognizing that if census taking were left to the individual states, the results...

Part I. The Census

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1. Politics and Science in Census Taking

Kenneth Prewitt

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pp. 3-46

Mention the word "census," and what comes to mind is a dull counting project that the government carries out from time to time. Ask why a census is taken, and most Americans will vaguely reply that the government seems to need all these numbers. A few might add that it has something to do with who goes to...

Part II. Economic Trends and Employment

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2. Diverging Fortunes: Trends in Poverty and Inequality

Sheldon Danziger, Peter Gottschalk

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pp. 49-75

Following World War II, the American economy experienced a quarter-century of sustained economic growth, rising real wages, and low unemployment rates. The benefits of this prosperity were widely shared among most of the poor, the middle class, and the wealthy. But even though poverty had fallen rapidly...

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3. Women, Men, and Work

Liana C. Sayer, Philip N. Cohen, Lynne M. Casper

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pp. 76-106

In 1997, Robert Reich made what he described as one of the most painful decisions of his life. He resigned from his job as the U.S. Secretary of Labor. Why? He wanted to spend more time at his other job: being a good dad to his two teenage boys in Boston.
Two years earlier and a quarter of the way around...

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4. Gender Inequality at Work

David A. Cotter, Joan M. Hermsen, Reeve Vanneman

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pp. 107-138

A cigarette advertising slogan of the 1980s targeting women proclaimed: "You've come a long way, baby." By all accounts, this slogan is true. The transformation of men's and women's work roles stands out among the many technological, economic, social, and cultural changes in the last half of the 20th century. In...

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5. Cohorts and Socioeconomic Progress

Dowell Myers

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pp. 139-166

How best can we measure socioeconomic progress across decades? Why do many of us worry that young adults are failing to match the progress of their parents, or that immigrants are failing to get ahead in America? Often, two different dimensions of progress are at play. On the one hand, people typically achieve...

Part III. Families, Households, and Children

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6. Marriage and Family in a Multiracial Society

Daniel T. Lichter, Zhenchao Qian

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pp. 169-200

Today's American family is hard to define. The so-called "traditional family"—working husband, his stay-at-home wife, and their children—represents only a small fraction of all American households. In "Leave It to Beaver," the popular late-1950s television show, the Cleaver family—Ward and June and their children...

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7. Trends in the Well-Being of America's Children

William P. O'Hare

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pp. 201-223

The old African greeting, "How are the children?," reflects the extent to which a society's health is often based on the condition of its children. The well-being of children reflects the functioning of institutions responsible for the care of children, such as families, communities, schools, and social welfare...

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8. The Lives and Times of the Baby Boomers

Mary Elizabeth Hughes, Angela M. O'Rand

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pp. 224-256

In the late 1940s, after several decades of declining births, the United States experienced a surprising and dramatic increase in fertility rates. Even more surprising, high birth rates continued until the mid-1960s, after which they dropped sharply. The large number of births in these years, combined with lower numbers immediately...

Part IV. Immigration and America's Racial Groups

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9. Immigration and a Changing America

Mary M. Kritz, Douglas T. Gurak

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pp. 259-301

Immigration has deep roots in American history and continues to be a dynamic force in reshaping America. People from many nations helped America settle and expand its frontiers, build its industrial complex and service economy, and become the leading economic and military power in the...

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10. Immigration and Fading Color Lines in America

Frank D. Bean, Jennifer Lee, Jeanne Batalova, Mark Leach

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pp. 302-331

In 1965, after 40 years of relatively low immigration, Congress passed the Hart-Celler Act, eliminating national origin quotas and reopening the nation's doors to increased flows of immigrants. One of the most dramatic and ongoing consequences of this legislation has been the diversification of the racial and ethnic landscape...

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11. Who Chooses to Choose Two?

Sonya M. Tafoya, Hans Johnson, Laura E. Hill

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pp. 332-351

Prior to Census 2000, most Americans were accustomed to selecting a single racial response on state and federal forms. But with an ever more racially diverse population and an increasing rate of intermarriage, the U.s. Census Bureau created a new format for the race question on the 2000 Census: Respondents...

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12. Latinos and the Changing Face of America

Rogelio Saenz

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pp. 352-379

Over the last 100 years, few racial or ethnic groups have had as great an impact on the demography of the United States as Latinos. In 1900, there were only slightly more than 500,000 Latinos.1 Today, the national Latino population numbers more than 35 million and represents one of the most dynamic and diverse...

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13. African Americans and the Color Line

Michael A. Stoll

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pp. 380-414

Almost 100 years ago, W. E. B. Dubois, the world-renowned scholar and political activist, declared that in America, "The problem of the twentieth century is the problem of the color-line."1 With 350 years or so of legalized slavery abolished just 40 years before, recent efforts at Reconstruction firmly defeated, and Jim Crow-style...

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14. A Demographic Portrait of Asian Americans

Yu Xie, Kimberly A. Goyette

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pp. 415-446

Asian Americans are a diverse group who either are descendants of immigrants from some part of Asia or are themselves such immigrants. They come from East Asia (China, Japan, and Korea); Southeast Asia (Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, the Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam); and South Asia (Bangladesh, India...

Index

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pp. 447-456