Cover

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Title Page, Copyright

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Contents

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List of Illustrations

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p. vii

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Preface

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p. viii

Evolutionism, and in particular Darwinism, play a major role in how we view human nature and how humanity relates to the natural world. The issues raised by Darwin and his followers are still important today and continue to be the subject of debate. My professional interest as a biomedical...

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Acknowledgments

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pp. ix-x

I am most grateful to Marius Turda for believing in my work and for initiating the idea to publish this book. I sincerely thank him for reading the various versions of my manuscript and for his suggested revisions. His support and guidance throughout the entire process have been crucial to the...

Note on Transliterations

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p. xi

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Introduction

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pp. 1-20

The main objective of this book is to unveil how Darwinism formed a part of the Greek intellectual and cultural life during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. What will unfold are the informative, intriguing, and often controversial details drawn from the writings of prominent literary...

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1. Evolutionary Theories

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pp. 21-66

It is vital at this point to investigate the main scientific ideas that may have influenced society and the literary world in the late nineteenth to early twentieth centuries. These include aspects of Darwin’s theory, its philosophical implications, and other evolutionary and associated theories popular...

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2. Darwin and Modern Greek Writers

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pp. 67-116

Jina Politi has once remarked that in 1877 “Darwinism constituted a field of intense questioning in Greece,” concluding that “literary writers should not have remained unaffected.”2 Literary commentary on Darwinian ideas in the work of modern Greek writers has only been recent; it is disjointed...

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3. Darwinian Reflections: Children's Guidance

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pp. 117-158

The popular Greek weekly magazine Children’s Guidance (Η Διάπλασις των Παίδων), published 1879–1947, albeit a children’s magazine, was widely read.2 It epitomizes the advent of nineteenth-century periodical literature, which flourished as an important medium for communicating ideas...

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4. A Rereading of Rich and Poor: It's in the Eyes

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pp. 159-202

Xenopoulos’ novel Rich and poor (Πλούσιοι και φτωχοί) (1919), which has been considered his finest, is also the most reviewed of all his work.2 The Darwinian aspects of the novel cannot be ignored, as the novel does not hold together without the evolutionary framework. Evolutionary...

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5. Metamorphoses of Woman: Dangerous Fantasies

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pp. 203-248

Echoing the social evolution in relation to class and race, and discourses on inheritance and the mind-body relationship, Darwinism also provided a new “scientific” framework for the thinking of sexual differences between, and within, the genders. Darwin’s statements in his DM on woman’s...

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6. New Woman Biology

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pp. 249-286

The New Woman was represented in many ways. On the one hand, she was considered both the cause and result of degeneration and, on the other, she was important in the discourse on the regeneration of a nation. In the late nineteenth to early twentieth centuries, the discourse of evolutionism...

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Epilogue

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pp. 287-290

This book has endeavored to contribute to the nascent scholarship on the influence of Darwinian, post-Darwinian, and other evolutionary ideas in the works of literary writers and other intellectuals in Greece in the period from 1880 to the 1930s. During this period, biological messages in much...

Addendum

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pp. 291-294

Appendix

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pp. 295-300

Bibliography

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pp. 301-318

Index

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pp. 319-333