In this Book

Enduring Reform
summary
Over the last twenty years, business responses to progressive reform in Latin America have shifted dramatically.  Until the 1990s, progressive movements in Latin America suffered violent repression sanctioned by the private sector and other socio-political elites. The powerful case studies in this volume show how business responses to reform have become more open–ended as Latin America’s democracies have deepened, with repression tempered by the economic uncertainties of globalization, the political and legal constraints of democracy, and shifting cultural understandings of poverty and race. Enduring Reform presents five case studies from Mexico, Brazil, and Argentina in which marginalized groups have successfully forged new cultural and economic spaces and won greater autonomy and political voice.  Bringing together NGO’s, local institutions, social movements, and governments, these initiatives have developed new mechanisms to work ‘within the system,’ while also challenging the system’s logic and constraints. Through firsthand interviews, the contributors capture local businesspeople’s understandings of these progressive initiatives and record how they grapple with changes they may not always welcome, but must endure. America today presses businesspeople to endure, accept, and at times promote progressive change in unprecedented ways, even as they act to limit and constrain it.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title page, Copyright, Dedication
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. vii-viii
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  1. Map of Case Study Locations
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. xi-xiii
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  1. Introduction
  2. Jeffrey W. Rubin, Vivienne Bennett
  3. pp. 1-26
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  1. 1. Social Polarization and Economic Instability: Twin Challenges for Enduring Reform
  2. Ann Helwege
  3. pp. 27-52
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  1. 2. Rethinking the Revolution: Latin American Social Movements and the State in the Twenty-First Century
  2. Wendy Wolford
  3. pp. 53-80
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  1. 3. The Urban Indigenous Movement and Elite Accommodation in San Cristóbal, Chiapas, Mexico, 1975-2008
  2. Jan Rus, Gaspar Morquecho Escamilla
  3. pp. 81-112
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  1. 4. Democracy by Invitation: The Private Sector’s Answer to Participatory Budgeting in Porto Alegre, Brazil
  2. Jeffrey W. Rubin, Sergio Gregorio Baierle
  3. pp. 113-146
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  1. 5. Recuperated Factories in Contemporary Buenos Aires from the Perspective of Workers and Businessmen
  2. Carlos A. Forment
  3. pp. 147-175
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  1. 6. Both Sides Now: The Rise of Migrant Activism and Co-Investment in Public Works in Zacatecas, Mexico
  2. Heather Williams, Fernando Robledo Martínez
  3. pp. 176-198
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  1. 7. When Cultural Activists Speak a Business Language: Success on the Stage, Applause in the Boardroom, and the Difficulties of Scaling Up Social Change in Rio’s Favelas
  2. Jeffrey W. Rubin
  3. pp. 199-226
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  1. 8. Business Responses to Progressive Activism In Twenty-First-Century Latin America
  2. Vivienne Bennett, Jeffrey W. Rubin
  3. pp. 227-248
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  1. Appendix
  2. pp. 249-254
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  1. Contributors
  2. pp. 255-260
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 261-270
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  1. Back Cover
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