Cover

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Contents

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p. vii

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Acknowledgments

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pp. ix-x

I first want to thank the Swedish historian Claes Peterson, who introduced me to the diary of Ivan Tolch

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Introduction

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pp. xi-xxvi

On March 16, 1797, in the city of Dmitrov, 80 kilometers north of Moscow, Ivan Alekseevich Tolch

Maps

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pp. xxvii-xxx

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1 The Setting, Education, Youth, and Marriage

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pp. 1-23

Ivan Tolch

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2 Local Politics during Ivan’s Youth

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pp. 24-45

Local politics and administration placed burdens on merchant families. Russia was a centrally governed state, and each province and district was subject to the power of government-appointed police and administrative officials: governors-general and governors at the provincial level and voevody (singular voevoda) at the district level. ...

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3 Junior Member of the Family Firm: Merchant Life in Dmitrov

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pp. 46-72

Ivan’s marriage in January 1773 signaled the end of his apprenticeship in the family business. While he remained a junior partner in an enterprise dominated by his energetic father, Ivan was now regarded as capable of directing transport and trading operations on his own, ...

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4 Young Paterfamilias

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pp. 73-106

The death of his father plunged Ivan into a flurry of activity. Responsibility for arranging the rituals of prayer and remembrance for his father, for the operation of the family’s grain trade and other businesses, and for the family members themselves, including his stepmother, the widow left by his father’s untimely death ...

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5 Leading Citizen

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pp. 107-151

Ivan’s position as a government and business leader propelled him toward an ever more expansive personal life. The major physical expression of his status and aspirations was a large new home constructed of brick and finished on the outside in stucco in the style of the finest noble townhouses. ...

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6 Eminent Trickster

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pp. 152-189

The diary passage starting this section covers the first weeks of Ivan’s month-long trip to Petersburg in the fall of 1789 with his son Pëtr. In his later year-end summaries for this period, Ivan lamented that the key to his financial difficulties, apart from his expansive living, was the slow collection of receipts in Petersburg, ...

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7 Moscow Townsman

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pp. 190-222

Ivan mentioned ‘‘the abundance of new things that happened’’ in Moscow during his first year there as helpful in distracting him from his troubles. The most important of these new things were the entry into the city and coronation of Emperor Paul. The interplay between Ivan’s immediate reaction to the events of the coronation ...

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8 A New Equilibrium

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pp. 223-251

In the excerpt above from 1802 we find Ivan continuing his daily mass attendance at a wide variety of churches, a practice that he had begun in penance for the financial manipulations associated with his bankruptcy and which he had intensified in response to his devastating illness. ...

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Conclusion

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pp. 252-256

The story of Ivan Tolch

Appendix: Genealogical Table for the Family of Boris Tolch

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pp. 257-262

Notes

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pp. 263-290

Bibliography

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pp. 291-304

Index

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pp. 305-320