Cover

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Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

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pp. i-vi

Contents

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pp. vii-viii

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Acknowledgments

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pp. ix-x

This book and I have benefited from the generosity of many individuals. First among them is Susanna Barrows, exemplary adviser and friend. Tom Laqueur and Marianne Constable both provided invaluable criticism in the early stages of...

Abbreviations Used in Notes

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pp. xi-xiv

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Introduction

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pp. 3-18

Happy children have no history,” remarked Jacques Bonzon on the first page of his 1901 book on public assistance to children in France. “[B]ut poor children, abandoned children, they do.”1 In making this assertion the French administrator was certainly...

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Part I. Paternal Authority, Parental Obligation and the State: Legislating Protection in the Late Nineteenth Century

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pp. 19-24

In 1881 S e n a t o r Theophile Roussel presented his colleagues in the French National Assembly with two related proposals for a civil measure “on the protection of maltreated or morally abandoned children.”' The senate approved a draft...

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1. The Long History of Paternal Power

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pp. 25-42

The early Third Republic’s efforts to redefine the state, the family, and the relationship between them mark a decisive moment in the history of paternal power in France. To succeed, the attempts to recast these fundamental identities and essential ties...

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2. Protection, the State, and the Laws of 1874

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pp. 43-66

One of the most important elements in the early Third Republic’s efforts to redraw the boundaries of social government and to rethink the limits of paternal power was the assertion that the state might have a legitimate role in the drama of family life...

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3. The Divestiture of Paternal Authority and the Law of 1889

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pp. 67-86

The 1889 law on abandon moral marked a decisive moment in the history of paternal authority in France. In authorizing civil magistrates to evaluate the quality of paternal rule, and in authorizing them to strip both fathers and mothers of la puissance patemelle...

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Part II. The Machinery of Justice: The Investigation and Prosecution of Abandon Moral

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pp. 87-92

When the proposal for a law “on the protection of mistreated or morally abandoned children” was under debate in 1883, the minister of the interior, Rene Waldeck-Rousseau, included among his many objections the fear that the law would...

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4. Setting the Wheels in Motion

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pp. 93-110

In the first movements of the rouages nouveaux accident, passion, fear, and spite played their largest role in the creation of formal cases of abandon moral. In the early stages of accusation and investigation, individual hopes for justice were the...

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5. Investigation

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pp. 111-123

Accident, deflection, and direct solicitation all underlay the initiatory gestures that first set the wheels of justice in motion. In each of those first movements, the law of 1889 began to be invoked, interpreted, and contested well before the cases...

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6. Judgment

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pp. 124-140

Until now, the chapters in part 2 have followed the forward movement of these cases, from initial contact with the justice system through the various twists and turns of the investigational structures, from one site of inquiry to the next, from one...

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Part III. Petits Parisiens in to Peasants: The Guardian State and the Child in Moral Danger

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pp. 141-145

Although the law of 1889 signaled a critical moment in the codification and regulation of abandon moral, the terrain defined by the new social problem was not limited to morally dangerous parents; nor was it defined in exclusively juridical...

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7. Defining a Population, Defining an Administration

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pp. 146-166

The debate on how public authorities should protect and rear morally endangered children began in the late 1870s with the same breath that animated the attempt to...

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8. Experiments in Placement, 1881-1889

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pp. 167-184

in the first decade decade of its existence, the Service des Moralement Abandonnes tended to avoid using rural foster placement as its primary medium for rearing the moralement abandonnes. This position veered sharply away from the traditions of...

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9. The Assimilation of the Enfants Moralement Abandonnés

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pp. 185-200

The failure of the industrial groups and the high cost of the exclusive professional schools forced the General Council to rethink the conceptual and practical problems posed...

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Conclusion

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pp. 201-208

The problemof abandon moral and the category of the enfant moralement abandonne, originally embedded in the deepest fears and the strongest hopes of the early Third Republic, appeared to have lost much of their distinctive signifying power by...

Select Bibliography

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pp. 209-226

Index

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pp. 227-232

About the Author, Other Works in the Series

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pp. 233-236