Cover

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Title Page, Frontispiece, Copyright

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Contents

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Foreword: Inside Fellman’s War

Christopher Phillips

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pp. vii-x

“War is hell and people are shits.” Such was my first introduction to my longtime friend Michael Fellman.
The year 1991 was a heady one for me, a published yet unminted PhD student of southern history finishing my dissertation while teaching full-time as an instructor at the University of Georgia. My first book had been issued the previous year, a study of a...

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Introduction: Of Black Flags and History, Authentic and Apocryphal

Joseph M. Beilein Jr., Matthew C. Hulbert

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pp. 1-12

In the spring of 1864, Union soldiers were restringing telegraph line through Cross Hollow, Arkansas, when they spotted something strange. Hanging over the road—in these otherwise deserted woods—fluttered a black flag. And upon closer investigation, they discovered a note pinned to the banner. According to the Union officer’s transcription, the message read, “We will...

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The Hard-Line War: The Ideological Basis of Irregular Warfare in the Western Border States

Christopher Phillips

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pp. 13-42

“Jeb Stuart’s Ride around McClellan?” mocked Confederate veterans of the trans-Mississippi theater of their more eastern counterparts when attending postwar national encampments and reunions. “Hell, brother, Jo Shelby rode around MISSOURI!”1 The proudly invoked reference was the 1863 cavalry raid into southern and western Missouri led by Confederate colonel Joseph...

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Controlled Chaos: Spatiotemporal Patterns within Missouri’s Irregular Civil War

Andrew William Fialka

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pp. 43-70

At the Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse in May 1864, Private Thomas Roche witnessed a fellow Confederate “throw down his musket and pick up a hatchet. As a Federal c[ame] at him with a bayonet, he pushed it aside with his left hand, while with the hatchet in his right he brain[ed] his opponent. . . . The Federals shrank from the sickening...

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Violence, Conflict, and Loyalty in the Carolina Piedmont: A Comparative Perspective

David Brown, Patrick J. Doyle

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pp. 71-98

W. W. Herbert was fully aware of the potential utility of guerrilla warfare for the southern cause. A resident of the South Carolina Piedmont who had spent much of the late 1850s in Kansas devoting himself “to the advancement of the interests of the South,” Herbert wrote to several influential acquaintances in Fairfield District with a new project in mind as the secession...

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Indians Make the Best Guerrillas: Native Americans and the War for the Desert Southwest, 1861–1862

Megan Kate Nelson

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pp. 99-122

Felix Collard was exhausted but he could not fall asleep. The march that day had been long and hot; he and his compatriots in Company G, Seventh Texas Mounted Rifles had collapsed on the banks of Limpia Creek as soon as they arrived. The air had cooled considerably, as they were camped along the floor of a high desert canyon. But there was a full moon, and his...

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The Business of Guerrilla Memory: Selling Massacres and the Captivity Narrative of Sergeant Thomas M. Goodman

Matthew C. Hulbert

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pp. 123-144

On September 27, 1864, Confederate guerrillas under the command of William “Bloody Bill” Anderson intercepted a train as it approached the previously unrenowned village of Centralia, Missouri. One among the caravan of passenger cars harbored twenty-five furloughed Union soldiers. They were, by virtually all accounts, unarmed. Nevertheless, Anderson’s...

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Tales of Race, Romance, and Irregular Warfare: Guerrillas Fictionalized, 1862–1866

John C. Inscoe

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pp. 145-174

During Christmas week in 1862, Richmond theatergoers were introduced to a new melodrama called The Guerrillas. The three-act play, written by a twenty-year-old Richmond native, John Dabney McCabe Jr., was the first original drama produced in the Confederacy. Its enthusiastic reception that week led McCabe to publish—and apparently widely circulate—the...

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In Search of Manse Jolly: Mythology and Facts in the Hunt for a Post–Civil War Guerrilla

Rod Andrew Jr.

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pp. 175-206

Civil War–era guerrillas, like other outlaws, can be mysterious and elusive figures. Factual records on shadowy figures such as Civil War guerrillas are often sparse, incomplete, and unsatisfying. Myths, on the other hand, claim to tell us more. As thrilling and fascinating tales, they often inspire readers to attempt to learn the truth. They suggest insights into the motivations...

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“Nothing but Truth Is History”: William E. Connelley, William H. Gregg, and the Pillaging of Guerrilla History

Joseph M. Beilein Jr.

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pp. 207-230

Like so many veterans of the Civil War, William H. Gregg recorded his experiences of the war during the first decade of the twentieth century. Unlike most other veterans of the war, however, Gregg had fought as a southern-sympathizing guerrilla on the Kansas-Missouri border under the leadership of William Clarke Quantrill. Characterized by hit-and-run tactics...

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Afterword

Victoria E. Bynum

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pp. 231-236

Guerrilla warfare—brutal, savage, and frequently characterized as “uncivilized” (particularly when practiced by one’s enemies)—was long treated by historians, if treated at all, as a deviant slice of the American Civil War. Michael Fellman’s groundbreaking study of Missouri guerrillas, Inside War (1989), changed that. Today, historians increasingly emphasize...

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Acknowledgments

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pp. 237-238

A first book is a milestone that can happen only once. Thanking everyone who helped make it possible is especially important, and this is remarkably true in our case. Anne Dean Dotson, the University Press of Kentucky, our anonymous peer reviewers, and our contributors all took a great leap of faith: they placed immense trust in a pair of headstrong junior scholars...

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Contributors

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pp. 239-240

Rod Andrew Jr. is professor of history at Clemson University. His previous works include Long Gray Lines: The Southern Military School Tradition, 1830–1915 (2001) and Wade Hampton: Confederate Warrior to Southern Redeemer (2008).

Joseph M. Beilein Jr. is assistant professor of history at Penn State–Erie, The Behrend College, where he teaches Civil War history as well as early...

Index

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pp. 241-244

Other Works in the Series

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pp. 245-248