Cover

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Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

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Contents

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Acknowledgments

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pp. ix-x

I dedicated this book to Joan Waugh and Gary W. Gallagher, my two main academic mentors throughout my undergraduate career at the University of California, Los Angeles, and my graduate studies at the University of Virginia. Joan encouraged a nineteen-year-old student from Utah to start...

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Introduction

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pp. 1-10

In the spring of 2013, I made my first trip to Charleston, South Carolina. Despite years of living in the South, first as a history graduate student and then as a professor specializing in the Civil War era, I had never visited Charleston and perhaps its most famous landmark: Fort Sumter. Upon...

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1. A Question of Slavery in the West

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pp. 11-39

William Henry Seward delivered his first address in the U.S. Senate on March 11, 1850. Taking note of the intense opposition to slavery’s westward expansion in his home state of New York, the senator sought to capitalize on the sentiment to further his political career. Seward explained...

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2. Free Soil and the Rise of the Republican Party

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pp. 40-70

Most of the men and women involved in free-soil politics became members of the Republican Party, which was established in 1854. As the Republicans grew in popularity and power, they became convinced that the future of the country depended on the wise use of soil. Conserving the soil for...

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3. Land-Development Politics and the American Civil War

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pp. 71-107

Early in the morning on April 12, 1861, Virginia agricultural reformer and rabid secessionist Edmund Ruffin stood on Cummings Point in Charleston Harbor. Ruffin had been waiting for this moment for years. Republicans, he believed, had revealed their true governing intentions in Hinton...

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4. The Creation of Yosemite and Yellowstone

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pp. 108-134

On July 1, 1864, as William T. Sherman marched toward Atlanta and Philip Sheridan fought Jubal Early in the Shenandoah valley, President Abraham Lincoln’s attention was diverted from the Civil War to the signing of a bill creating Yosemite State Park in far-off California. The law removed...

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5. Seeking Peace in the South and West

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pp. 135-181

Union victory in the Civil War presented the Republican Party with an unprecedented opportunity to shape the nation as it pleased. When John Wilkes Booth assassinated Abraham Lincoln in April 1865, the party enjoyed a commanding majority in both the House of Representatives and...

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Conclusion: Retrenchment in the South, Allotment in the West

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pp. 182-188

After the failures of southern Reconstruction, George Washington Julian gave land reform in the West one last chance. Appointed as the surveyor general of New Mexico Territory in July 1885 by Democratic president Grover Cleveland, Julian found what he deemed widespread fraud, speculation...

Notes

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pp. 189-210

Bibliography

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pp. 211-226

Index

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pp. 227-230