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In this edited volume, Andean wak'as—idols, statues, sacred places, images, and oratories—play a central role in understanding Andean social philosophies, cosmologies, materialities, temporalities, and constructions of personhood. Top Andean scholars from a variety of disciplines cross regional, theoretical, and material boundaries in their chapters, offering innovative methods and theoretical frameworks for interpreting the cultural particulars of Andean ontologies and notions of the sacred.

Wak'as were understood as agentive, nonhuman persons within many Andean communities and were fundamental to conceptions of place, alimentation, fertility, identity, and memory and the political construction of ecology and life cycles. The ethnohistoric record indicates that wak'as were thought to speak, hear, and communicate, both among themselves and with humans. In their capacity as nonhuman persons, they shared familial relations with members of the community, for instance, young women were wed to local wak'as made of stone and wak'as had sons and daughters who were identified as the mummified remains of the community's revered ancestors.

Integrating linguistic, ethnohistoric, ethnographic, and archaeological data, The Archaeology of Wak'as advances our understanding of the nature and culture of wak'as and contributes to the larger theoretical discussions on the meaning and role of–"the sacred” in ancient contexts.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
  2. pp. i-vi
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. vii-viii
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  1. Figures
  2. pp. ix-xiv
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. xv-xviii
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  1. Part I: Introduction
  2. pp. 1-2
  1. 1. Andean Wak’as and Alternative Configurations of Persons, Power, and Things
  2. pp. 3-20
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  1. Part II: Contemporary Orientations
  2. pp. 21-22
  1. 2. The Whole World Is Watching: New Perspectives on Andean Animism
  2. pp. 23-46
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  1. 3. Wak’as: Entifications of the Andean Sacred
  2. pp. 47-72
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  1. Part III: Wak’as in the Time of the Inkas
  2. pp. 73-74
  1. 4. What Is a Wak’a? When Is a Wak’a?
  2. pp. 75-126
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  1. 5. Pachacamac—Old Wak’a or Inka Syncretic Deity? Imperial Transformation of the Sacred Landscape in the Lower Ychsma (Lurín) Valley
  2. pp. 127-166
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  1. 6. Of Blood and Soil: Tombs, Wak’as, and the Naturalization of Social Difference in the Inka Heartland
  2. pp. 167-212
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  1. 7. Men Who Would Be Rocks: The Inka Wank’a
  2. pp. 213-238
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  1. 8. The Importance of Being Inka: Ushnu Platforms and Their Place in the Andean Landscape
  2. pp. 239-264
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  1. 9. Ordering the Sacred and Recreating Cuzco
  2. pp. 265-292
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  1. Part IV: Deeper Histories of Wak’as in the Andean Past
  2. pp. 293-294
  1. 10. The Shape of Things to Come: The Genesis of Wari Wak’as
  2. pp. 295-334
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  1. 11. Of Monoliths and Men: Human-Lithic Encounters and the Production of an Animistic Ecology at Khonkho Wankane
  2. pp. 335-366
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  1. Part V: Concluding Thoughts
  2. pp. 367-368
  1. 12. Final Reflections: Catequil as One Wak’a among Many
  2. pp. 369-396
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  1. Contributors
  2. pp. 397-398
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 399-404
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