Cover

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Title Page, Copyright

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Contents

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pp. v-vi

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Foreword

Douglas Noverr

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pp. vii-ix

Film and sport were quickly connected in the late 1890s as Thomas Edison introduced one-reelers that capitalized on growing popular interest in baseball. In 1908 the Essanay Company released a one-reeler of World Series highlights, and in 1913 another film production company...

Acknowledgments

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p. x

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Introduction

Ron Briley, Michael K. Schoenecke, Deborah A. Carmichael

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pp. 1-14

Traditionalists often perceive the athletic playing field as a meritocracy in which issues of race, gender, class, and nationality play no role. Films such as Miracle (2004), which focuses on the upset victory of the U.S. hockey team over the Soviet Union in the 1980 Olympic Games, and...

Part One: Sport as Cultural Production and Representation

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Endless Summer: Consuming Waves and Surfing the Frontier

Joan Ormrod

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pp. 17-39

After World War II, America and the West experienced a consumer boom as a result of greater disposable incomes, advances in technology, and an increase in commodity production. The consumer culture focused in part on the pleasure derived from acquiring goods, and goods came to...

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"I'm Against It!": The Marx Brothers' Horse Feathers as Cultural Critique; or, Why Big-Time College Football Gives Me a Haddock

Daniel A. Nathan

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pp. 40-54

Fast-paced and witty, antiauthoritarian and anarchic, the Marx Brothers' Horse Feathers (1932) is a seriously funny film. More than seventy years after it was released, it continues to evoke laughter—not just because it is a timeless "classic" but also because it is still timely. Its objects of ridicule...

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Bobby Jones, Golf, and His Instructional Reels

Michael K. Schoenecke

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pp. 55-63

The 1920s has been called the Golden Age of American Sport; the decade produced some of the most respected, honored, and cherished sports heroes that Americans have ever seen. As veteran sports reporters Allison Danzig and Peter Brandwein noted in 1948, "Never before, nor...

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Televised Golf and the Creation of Narrative

Harper Cossar

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pp. 64-85

Televised golf is among the more dynamic sporting events on television. Compared with arena sports such as football, baseball, hockey, and basketball, golf is difficult to broadcast due to its natural unsuitability to a typical television sports production. Arena sports possess natural...

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What's Natural about It?: A Baseball Movie as Introduction to Key Concepts in Cultural Studies

Latham Hunter

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pp. 86-102

When The Natural was released in 1984, critics generally agreed that, while beautiful, it lacked the substance of its literary predecessor of the same name (written by Bernard Malamud and originally published in 1952). As an adaptation it had clearly fallen short, turning a "brooding...

Part Two: Masculinity, Misogyny, and Race in Sports Films

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You Throw Like a Girl: Sports and Misogyny on the Silver Screen

Dayna B. Daniels

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pp. 105-128

Sports have traditionally been accepted as a male domain. Incorrect beliefs about the histories of games and sports, and the invisibility of girls and women as participants, have created a foundation of myths upon which the contemporary culture of sports and the construction of...

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As American As . . . : Filling in the Gaps and Recovering the Narratives of America's Forgotten Heroes

Pellom McDaniels Iii

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pp. 129-154

Novelist William Brasher's The Bingo Long Traveling All-Stars & Motor Kings (1973), a fictitious representation of the black baseball leagues of the 1930s, is the definitive work on the leagues, its players, and the effects of race on the quality of life among blacks relegated to the margins of...

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Basketball's Great White Hope and Ronald Reagan's America: Hoosiers

Ron Briley

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pp. 155-171

In 1986 first-time feature director David Anspaugh and Orion Pictures released the commercially successful basketball film Hoosiers. The popular film has remained a staple for video rentals and cable television, leading Sports Illustrated to name Hoosiers as the sixth best sports movie of all...

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"Just Some Bum from the Neighborhood": The Resolution of Post-Civil Rights Tension and Heavyweight Public Sphere Discourse in Rocky

Victoria A. Elmwood

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pp. 172-198

The endurance of the motion picture Rocky, the 1976 Oscar winner for Best Picture, has recently been reaffirmed in twenty-first-century popular culture. The movie's twenty-fifth anniversary rerelease in 2001 and the accompanying publicity in high-profile entertainment magazines...

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Fighting for Manhood: Rocky and Turn-of-the-Century Antimodernism

Clay Motley

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pp. 199-216

Sylvester Stallone's Rocky, winner of the Academy Award for Best Picture in 1976, not only began one of Hollywood's most lucrative and recognizable film "franchises," it began a battle of interpretation over the film's meaning. The iconic rise of the underdog from south Philadelphia...

Part Three: National Identity and Political Confrontation in Sports Competition

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Do You Believe in Miracles?: Whiteness, Hollywood, and a Post-9/11 Sports Imagination

David J. Leonard

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pp. 219-236

After watching Miracle (2004), a film about the 1980 U.S. Olympic hockey team, for what felt like the tenth time, I was struck by my emotional and visceral reaction to the film. Despite my "oppositional gaze," my tendency toward critique, and my disdain for patriotism, cheesy dramas...

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An Olympic Omnibus: International Competition, Cooperation, and Politics in Visions of Eight

David Scott Diffrient

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pp. 237-260

Because the inauguration of the modern Olympic Games—founded by social theorist and renovateur Baron Pierre de Coubertin and held in Athens in 1896—roughly coincides with the birth of cinema, it should come as no surprise that the two served as mutually enriching sources of dramatic...

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Why He Must Run: Class, Anger, and Resistance in The Loneliness of the Long Distance Runner

John Hughson

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pp. 261-278

"The war between the classes has never been joined in British films as openly as it was this week. In the forties the working class were idiom-talking idiots, loyal or baleful. In the fifties they grew rightly articulate and angry. Now we get what may be the prototype for the sixties...

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"Every Nation Needs a Legend": The Miracle of Bern and the Formation of a German Postwar Foundational Myth

Tobias Hochscherf, Christoph Laucht

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pp. 279-302

A strong disparity exists between soccer as the world's most popular sport and the comparative lack of interest it has traditionally enjoyed in the United States, the world's biggest sports market.1 As historian Bill Murray points out, the unparalleled expansion of soccer, or...

List of Contributors

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pp. 303-306

Index

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pp. 307-320