Cover

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Title Page, Copyright Page

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pp. i-iv

Contents

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pp. v-vi

List of Illustrations

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pp. vii-viii

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Acknowledgments

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pp. ix-x

This book had its genesis in my codirecting the dissertation of Holly A. McSpadden, "Crossing Racial Borders: Nancy Cunard's Political Modernisms," with my colleague and good friend, Susan Sage Heinzelman, and in many extensive and provocative conversations...

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Introduction

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pp. xi-xl

Samuel Beckett's most extensive publication (more than 63,000 words) consists of nineteen translations he did for Nancy Cunard's Negro: An Anthology (1934). Both Negro and Beckett's work for it are little known and less valued, perhaps...

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Foreword to Negro (1933)

NANCY CUNARD

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pp. 1-3

It was necessary to make this book-and I think in this manner, an Anthology of some 150 voices of both races-for the recording of the struggles and achievements, the persecutions and the revolts against

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"The Best Negro Jazz Orchestras"

ROBERT GOFFIN

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pp. 4-10

From the Atlantic to the Pacific, from Harlem to 'Frisco, the fertile musical territories of the States are studded with the tumultuous capitals of fashionable jazz. There are certainly more good orchestras than there are...

"Armstrong"

ERNST MOERMAN

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pp. 11-12

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"Hot Jazz"

ROBERT GOFFIN

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pp. 13-16

Not so long ago Andre Coeuroy wrote: "improvised jazz is the most potent force in music at the present time; long may it remain so." What then exactly is this force that has received the sanction ofsome ofour greatest modern musicians

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"Summary of the History of Hayti"

JENNER BASTIEN

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pp. 17-26

Christopher Columbus discovered Hayti on December 6, 1492, and anchored in the magnificent bay of the St. Nicolas Mole, to the north-west of...

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"A Note on Haytian Culture"

LUDOVIC MORIN LACOMBE

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pp. 27-28

Hayti has no civilisation ofits own. At the time of its discovery in 1492, it was inhabited by the Caribs, who were exterminated by the Spaniards and replaced by Negroes imported...

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"The King of Gonaives"

JACQUES BOULENGER

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pp. 29-33

In 1915 the Republic of Hayti was presided over by one William Sam, who was so little appreciated as an administrator that steps were being taken to have him removed. Now it appears that William Sam, being alive to this, saw fit to execute...

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"The Child in Guadeloupe"

E. FLAVIA-LEOPOLD

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pp. 34-40

A study of this kind must be approached without any kind of bias or prejudice. We must not encumber ourselves with any form of racial theory or preconception liable to invalidate our observations. We are all alive to...

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"Black and White in Brazil"

BENJAMIN PERET

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pp. 41-48

In the U.S.A. the Negro is an object of repulsion; but in Brazil he is regarded as a kind of social syphilis, a disease that must be treated on the quiet for fear of quarantine. And yet, if there be any country that can be said to owe its economic existence to the Negro, that country...

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"Sambo without Tears"

GEORGES SADOUL

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pp. 49-55

The French bourgeois turns up his nose in disgust at the American who bars the Negro from certain cinemas, restaurants and dance-halls, and proclaims that democratic France makes no distinction between black and white. Why, if that be the case, are Congo piccaninnies...

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"Murderous Humanitarianism"

the SURREALIST GROUP in Paris

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pp. 56-59

For centuries the soldiers, priests and civil agents ofimperialism, in a welter of looting, outrage and wholesale murder, have battened with impunity on the coloured races; now it is the turn of the demagogues, with their counterfeit liberalism. But the proletariat of today, whether metropolitan or...

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"Races and Nations"

LEON PIERRE-QUINT

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pp. 60-68

The traveller of the present day, visiting Central Mrica for the first time, cannot but be forcibly impressed by the problem of colonisation in all its terrible complexity. Three years ago, Andre Gide went to the Congo. For me, his testimony is particularly...

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"The Negress in the Brothel"

RENE CREVEL

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pp. 69-73

In every metaphor-and the shining univocal 17th-century metaphor was no exception-an author discovers himself and his public. Whatever France you are pleased to consider-France vibrating to the Homeric "Get rich" of her...

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"A Short Historical Survey of Madagascar"

J.J. RABEARIVELO

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pp. 74-81

Little is known of the position occupied by Madagascar in antiquity. It is only possible tentatively to identify the Great Island ofthe South with the Phanbalon or Phebol of Aristotle...

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"The Ancient Bronzes of Black Africa"

CHARLES RArrON

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pp. 82-89

It was not until 1891, after the conquest of Benin by the English, that the first Negro bronzes reached Europe. It is well known how England made a handle of the killing of her consul Philipps and his...

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"Essay on Styles in the Statuary of the Congo"

HENRI LAVACHERY

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pp. 90-98

Notwithstanding the assertion of M. Georges Hardy, in his Negro Art) that all enquiry along the lines laid down in this essay is of necessity premature, I am persuaded to persevere, with all proper modesty, in my undertaking. I admit the danger...

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"Magic and Initiation among the Peoples of Ubanghi-Shari"

B.P. FEUILLOLEY

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pp. 99-107

Ubanghi-Shari lies beyond Cameroon, 2,000 kilometres from the coast. It is inhabited by about 1,000,000 blacks, divided into four large groups: the Banda, the Mandjia, the Sara and the Baya. My researches, the results ofthree separate visits, have been mainly...

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'''Primitive' Life and Mentality"

RAYMOND MICHELET

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pp. 108-148

A number of the documents brought forward in this study are taken from M. Olivier Leroy's most interesting book, Primitive Reason (Ed. Geuthner, Paris), which is presented as "an essay in refutation of the thesis of prelogicism." It seemed to me...

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"A Negro Empire: Belgium"

E.STIERS

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pp. 149-158

Belgium, Negro state? This has the air of a joke. But ... ! Ofthe 23,000,000 subjects ofI

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"French Imperialism at Work in Madagascar"

GEORGES CITERNE and FRANCIS JOURDAIN

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pp. 159-161

From all the French colonies comes the same cry, a cry for help from the natives crouching under the dictatorship of capitalism. For these Negro workers are no more exempt than their fellows in other countries from the bloody cruelties of repression as inflicted...

APPENDIX 1 Negro: An Anthology (1934): Contents

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pp. 162-168

APPENDIX 2 Contributors to Negro Whose Work Beckett Translated

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pp. 169-172

APPENDIX 3 Extant French Originals of the Beckett Translations

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pp. 173-203

Index

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pp. 204-207