Cover

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Title Page, Copyright

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pp. i-iv

Contents

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pp. v-vi

List of Tables

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pp. vii-viii

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Foreword

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pp. ix-x

Intellectual and artistic pursuits have long benefited from the generosity and support of members of society who have recognized the importance of curiosity, exploration, and the search for new ideas and new...

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Preface

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pp. xi-xvi

In the concluding chapter of Public Opinion and American Democracy, V.O. Key, Jr., thus anticipated the motive for writing Without Consent. Key spent a fruitful and influential year with us at the Survey Research Center in 1959-1960. In that year he set aside the embryonic...

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1. Introduction: The Study of Presidential Politics in America

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pp. 1-14

As the end of the twentieth century approaches, the more cynical of the commentators describing the political American scene are prone to repeat the caricature of the American presidential selection process as the "selling of a president." With politics entering the era of high technology in mass...

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2. Partisan Polarization and Factionalism, 1980 and 1984

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pp. 15-30

First interpretations of the 1984 Reagan landslide concluded that the election had produced a mandate for continuation of the national shift to the right on matters of ideology and public policy. Second and third thoughts took into account the absence of persuasive supporting data concerning any such...

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3. Mass-Elite Similarities

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pp. 31-46

By the midpoint of the Reagan presidency, the polarization of Democrats and Republicans was sharply evident on all six of the general multiple-item indicators of policy preferences and issue positions derived from...

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4. Linkage Mechanisms: Party

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pp. 47-75

The importance of party in democratic government is matched only by the multitude of forms in which party appears. The one-time classic formulation of party as an entity embodied in the mind of the elector, in the campaign organization, or in the organizing structure...

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5. Linkage Mechanisms: Ideological Factions and Issue Representation

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pp. 76-88

Setting the discussion of the role of party in linking mass and elite policy preferences prior to a discussion of the consequences of elite representation of policy commitments provides another bit of irony from the analysis. We began our inquiry in 1972 wanting to learn more about what resulted...

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6. Linkage Mechanisms: Political Leadersh

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pp. 89-105

If the political parties may be designated as the carriers of mass ideology, presidential candidates have long personified the policy preferences and ideological postures of the parties. Of course, the politics of the Reagan era can...

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7. Linkage Mechanisms: Elite Orientations

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pp. 106-130

Thus far in the discussion we have been restrained in our use of the language of political representation to describe the results of our study of mass-elite linkage—emphasizing instead the more strictly descriptive...

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8. Individuals, Institutions, and Represention

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pp. 131-139

Very few of the thousands of people, from ordinary citizens to extraordinary leaders, whose attitudes and actions have been reported in this book engage in politics as anything more than a part-time, spare-time...

Appendix A. Data Sources

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pp. 140-143

Appendix B. Measures of Policy Preferences

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pp. 144-160

Appendix C. Index Construction: Measures of Political Variables among Elites

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pp. 161-170

Notes

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pp. 171-176

Index

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pp. 177-184