Cover

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Title Page, About the Series, Copyright, Dedication

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pp. i-vi

Contents

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pp. vii-viii

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Acknowledgments

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pp. ix-xiv

The intellectual, personal, and financial debts accumulated during the production of this book are deep and can never be repaid adequately. Nevertheless, I would be remiss not to take this...

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Introduction: The Politics of Civil Rights Struggle

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pp. 1-14

This book is a history of the African American struggle for civil rights in South Carolina and the United States from Reconstruction through the decade following Brown v. Board of Education (1954), the landmark U.S. Supreme Court ruling...

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1. Segregation and Self-Determination: The Making of the NAACP

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pp. 15-48

By all accounts, Anthony Crawford embodied the Booker T. Washington philosophy of self-help and racial uplift. He was born in Abbeville County, South Carolina, in 1865 not far up the road from the site of the 1898 Phoenix race riot and only a county...

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2. Riot and Reaction: The Lineaments of Reinvention

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pp. 49-70

In the early months of 1919 the black struggle for self-determination and equality in South Carolina continued to grow in size and power. The NAACP began to expand beyond its initial base of operations in Columbia and Charleston and its original gender and...

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3. Radicalism and Liberal Reform: The NAACP during the New Deal

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pp. 71-106

With declining prospects for movement expansion in the violence-torn South and the ongoing migration of black people to the urban North, African Americans searched for new directions in their ongoing struggle for civil rights and...

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4. Civil Rights and Collective Action: The Battle for Black Empowerment

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pp. 107-144

In 1919 a number of black South Carolinians imagined the possibilities of creating a statewide black political party capable of challenging the all-white, state Democratic Party's stranglehold on life in South Carolina. The 1920s were, however, years of repression and...

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5. Popular Fronts: From New Deal Coalition to Black Rights Revolution

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pp. 145-186

A s World War II came to a close, African Americans in the North and xYSouth were increasingly able to articulate their needs and represent their interests on a regional and national scale in a way earlier generations could only imagine. Migration to the urban...

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6. Cold War Civil Rights: Brown v. Board of Education and the Emerging Power of the Periphery

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pp. 187-214

To think and write about the black struggle for civil rights in the 1950s, the period canonized as the era of the NAACP's legal victory in Brown v. Board of Education, the Montgomery Bus Boycott, the rise of Martin Luther King Jr., and the school integration...

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Conclusion: Movement, Memory, and American Democracy

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pp. 215-232

In South Carolina, the future of the movement was registered at the precise moment that the movement of the past seemed on the precipice of total collapse. As African Americans did across the South....

Notes

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pp. 233-282

Bibliography

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pp. 283-316

Index

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pp. 317-336

Image Plates

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pp. 337-348