Cover

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Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

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Contents

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General Editor's Preface

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pp. ix-x

In the field of oral history, Kentucky is a national leader. Over the past several decades, thousands of its citizens have been interviewed. Kentucky Remembered brings into print the most important of those recollections, with each volume focusing on a particular subject.
Oral history is, of course, only one type of source material. Yet by the very personal nature of recollection, hidden aspects of history are often disclosed. Oral sources provide a...

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Foreword

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pp. xi-xiv

Many years before I had the good sense to move here, I imagined Kentucky as a historical gallery containing the likes of Daniel Boone, Henry Clay, Floyd Collins, Alben Barkley, Abe Lincoln, and Jeff Davis. Furthermore, I knew that the state's wonderland of fiction included Mrs. Wiggs, Aunt Jane, Judge Priest, the Little Colonel, Private Tussie, and Mr. Belvedere. After I arrived and got to know Kentucky up close, I realized that my imagination was not...

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Preface

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pp. xv-xvi

Some five years ago on the bitter winter morning that I agreed to direct the Kentucky Writers' Oral History Project, I failed to imagine that the commitment I made would soon assume a life of its own. It was then that I was invited by Terry Birdwhistell, the University of Kentucky's archivist and oral historian, to revive the University of Kentucky Oral History Program's interviews with authors initiated in the states bicentennial year and abandoned...

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Acknowledgments

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pp. xvii-1

A number of people's wisdom and work have helped me shape ten thousand pages of transcriptions into this volume of writers' interviews. I thank them all, but I'm especially grateful to the following individuals and institutions for their invaluable support.
Marion K. Stocking, my Beliot College mentor and beloved friend, is the individual who, in the mid-1970s, introduced me to oral history and who supervised my bachelor's...

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Wendell Berry

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pp. 2-21

BERRY: My name is Wendell Erdman Berry, and I was born August fifth, 1934. My mother's maiden name was Virginia Erdman Berry, and my father's name is John Marshall Berry. My father was a lawyer and also a farmer, and my mother is a housewife still. My father is dead.
BEATTIE: What was your childhood like?
BERRY: I had, I think, a wonderful childhood. I grew up in the little town of New Castle, Kentucky, where my parents moved in 1936. I went...

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Billy C. Clark

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pp. 22-37

CLARK: I am Billy C. [Curtis] Clark, and I was born December the twenty-ninth, nineteen and twenty-eight, at Catlettsburg, Kentucky.
My mother's name was Bertha Gertrude Clark and my father was Mason Clark. Of course, my mother was a housewife, and my father was, among other things, a shoe cobbler in Catlettsburg.
BEATTIE: What do you remember about them growing...

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Michael Dorris

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pp. 38-57

DORRIS: My name is Michael Anthony Dorris. I was born in Louisville, January thirtieth of 1945. My mother s name is Mary Bridget Burkhardt. She worked at Colgate Palmolive as a keypunch operator. My fathers name was Jim Leonard Dorris, and he was in the army and was a first lieutenant at the time of his death, which was 1947,1 believe. They met when he was stationed at Fort Knox, just after the outbreak of World War II. My mothers family is...

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Leon Driskell

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pp. 58-79

DRISKELL: My name is Leon Vinson Driskell, and I was born December sixth, 1932. My father's name was Dennis Halman Driskell, another family name. My mothers name is somewhat of a mystery. For years she claimed that her name was Mae Frances Driskell, but her brothers and sister teased her about that name, leading me to believe that she suppressed some other, awful name. My mother was reared in the hills of North Georgia. My grandfather...

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Sue Grafton

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pp. 80-95

GRAFTON: My name is Sue Taylor Grafton. I was born in Louisville, Kentucky, on April twenty-fourth, 1940. My mothers name was Vivian Boisseau Harnsberger. She had a college education in chemistry, and I believe for awhile taught high school chemistry. My fathers name was Cornelius Warren Grafton, and he was a municipal bond attorney in Louisville, Kentucky.
BEATTIE: Tell me about your grandparents on both sides of the family, what their...

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James Baker Hall

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pp. 96-113

HALL: I am James Baker Hall, and I was born in Lexington, Kentucky, in 1935. My mothers name was Lurlene Bronaugh Hall, and she was a housewife and homemaker. My fathers name was Walker Russell Hall, and he was a variety of things. Early on in his life he worked in his father's bank in Clay City, Kentucky, and was a wildcat driller in the Eastern Kentucky oil fields when they first began to open up. He was a military man in heart and in...

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Wade Hall

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pp. 114-131

HALL: My full name is Wade Henry Hall, Jr. I was born February the second, Ground Hog's Day, 1934, in the same bed that my mother was born in some sixteen-and-a-half years before, in a farmhouse near Inverness, Alabama, which is near Union Springs, which is near Montgomery.
My mother was named Sarah Elizabeth Waters, and her mother was Tressie Grider, who married my mother's father, John Thomas Waters. They were all born in the community...

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Fenton Johnson

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pp. 132-149

JOHNSON: My full name is John Fenton Johnson, although you can drop the John. I don't use it much for any purposes except the Internal Revenue Service. I was actually born in Bardstown, Kentucky, although that was because my mother went to the hospital there. I grew up in New Haven [Kentucky], which is about fifteen miles to the south. I was born in 1953.
My fathers name was Patrick Dean Johnson, Jr., generally called "ED." He was a...

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Barbara Kingsolver

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pp. 150-171

KINGSOLVER: My name is Barbara Ellen Kingsolver, and I was born April eighth, 1955, in Annapolis, Maryland. My mothers name is Virginia Lee Henry Kingsolver. My fathers name is Wendell Roy Kingsolver, and before he retired, he was a physician. He was in the navy when I was born, but most of my childhood we've lived here [Carlisle, Kentucky]. This is the house I grew up in. I have an older brother and a younger sister. My sisters name is...

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George Ella Lyon

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pp. 172-187

LYON: George Ella Lyon is my name. I was named for my mothers brother and sister. I was born in Harlan, Kentucky, in 1949. My mother is Gladys Fowler Hoskins, and my father was Robert Hoskins, Jr. My father, when I was growing up, was a dry cleaner, and eventually became a vice-president of the savings and loan.
My mother was very active in community affairs when I was small, all kinds of civic efforts, and then she became secretary for the Chamber of Commerce...

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Bobbie Ann Mason

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pp. 188-201

MASON: I am Bobbie Ann Mason, and I was born in Mayfield, Kentucky, May first, 1940. My father was named Wilburn Arnett Mason. Arnett was his mothers last name. My mother was named Bernice Christiana Lee, and she's known as Christy.
BEATTIE: What did your father do?
MASON: He was a dairy farmer. My mother worked on the farm. She worked off and on a few years at a clothing factory in Mayfield. I'm the oldest. My sister Janice is four...

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Taylor McCafferty

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pp. 202-219

McCAFFERTY: My name is Barbara Taylor Taylor McCafferty. I was born in Louisville, Kentucky. My first husbands name was Taylor, and my maiden name is Taylor, so for a while there my name was Barbara Taylor Taylor. It sounded like I had a stutter.
I was born in 1946, October 15th. My mother is a homemaker, and her name is Marjorie Ozie Meador Taylor. My fathers name is Charles Allen Taylor, and he is today...

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Ed McClanahan

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pp. 220-239

McCLANAHAN: Edward Poage McClanahan is my name, and I was born in Brooksville, Kentucky in 1932.
My fathers name was Edward L. McClanahan. He was a Standard Oil distributor most of the rest of his life. In the late 1940s he got into the river towing business, and he owned portions of tow boats, barges, and so forth. My mother is Jessie Poage McClanahan. She lives right now in Campbellsburg, Kentucky. Both my parents were from Bracken...

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Jim Wayne Miller

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pp. 240-261

MILLER: My name is Jim Wayne Miller, and I was born on October 21, 1936, in Buncombe County, North Carolina. My home community is Leicester, North Carolina. My father's name is James Woodrow Miller. He was born in 1912, and his middle name reflects an enthusiasm on the part of his parents for Woodrow Wilson, I believe. My mother's name was Edith Smith. My father had many, many jobs. At various times he worked for the...

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Sena Jeter Naslund

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pp. 262-281

NASLUND: I am Sena Catherine Jeter Naslund. I was born June 28, 1942, in Birmingham, Alabama. My fathers full name was Marvin Luther Jeter. He was born in 1892 in south Alabama in an area known as Helicon, which I always liked, since Helicon is the traditional home of the muses. My mother's full name is Flora Lee Easter Sims; actually, her name is Jeter. She's dead, too, now. She was born...

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Marsha Norman

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pp. 282-297

NORMAN: My name is Marsha Norman, and I was born in Louisville, September twenty-first, 1947. Mothers name was Bertha Connelly, and my father's name was Billie Lee Williams. He was an insurance agent and she was a homemaker. I grew up on Bourbon Avenue, which is between Audubon Park and the airport.
BEATTIE: What was your childhood like?
NORMAN: It was kind of an isolated childhood. Mother was not one to have an...

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Chris Offutt

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pp. 298-317

OFFUTT: My name is Christopher John Offutt, and I was born on August 24, 1958 in Haldeman, Kentucky. My mothers name is Jody—Mary Jo McCabe Offutt. She was a housewife until all the children left home. Then she went back to school, and now gives tests and does some teaching at Morehead State University, where I went, as did all of my brothers and sisters. My father is Andrew Jefferson Offutt. He sold insurance until 1972, and...

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Lee Pennington

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pp. 318-339

PENNINGTON: My full name is Royce Lee Pennington. I was born in 1939, May the first, in a little place called White Oak, Kentucky, one of probably twenty-five or thirty White Oaks in Kentucky. It's just back up there with my granddads place. My mother and dad lived there on three different occasions, and they were there when I was born. The old home place is no longer there, and the wells been filled in to keep kids from falling in it. I...

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Betty Layman Receveur

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pp. 340-355

RECEVEUR: I am Betty Layman Receveur. My birth name actually was Betty Arline Layman. I believe I was named for Arlene Francis, the television personality, but my legal name now is Betty Layman Receveur. I was born here in Louisville. I'm a seventh generation Kentuckian. I was born October twenty-fifth, 1930. My fathers name is Russell Hamilton Layman. My mothers maiden name was Georgia Pauline Heyser. I was raised by my paternal...

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James Still

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pp. 356-374

STILL: My full name is James Alexander Still, Jr. I was born on a farm very near Lafayette, Alabama, on July 16, 1906. My father was a horse doctor; that is, a veterinarian without formal training. He was also a farmer. Altogether, there were ten of us. There were five girls first and then five boys. After my mother passed on, my father married again and had another boy, so I'm including him as well. I was the first boy that came after the five girls. I...

Index

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pp. 375-392