Cover

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Title page, Copyright, Dedication

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Contents

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Foreword

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pp. ix-x

The challenge to undertake a fundamental examination and reappraisal of our institutions, culture, and values prompted the establishment of the Blazer Lecture Series. This series, supported since 1949 by the Paul G. and Georgia M. Blazer...

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Acknowledgments

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pp. xi-xii

This book originated as the University of Kentucky Blazer Lectures in April 1988.1 am grateful to Nancy Schrom Dye and her colleagues in the History Department and at the university for inviting me to do the lectures, and for their generous...

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Introduction

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pp. 1-5

A "woman's wage" is a phrase with particular resonance in the modern period. As women struggle to achieve equality in the labor market, the wages that measure their progress creep frustratingly slowly toward the goal of parity with those of...

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1. The Wage Conceived: Value and Need as Measures of a Woman's Worth

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pp. 6-32

In 1915 New York State's Factory Investigating Commission asked some seventy-five prominent individuals—economists, social reformers, businessmen, and publicists among them— what factors determined the rate of wages. The answers varied...

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2. Law and a Living: The Gendered Content of "Free Labor" in the Progressive Period

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pp. 33-56

Supreme Court decisions are frequently unpopular. Yet few have faced the storm of national derision that confronted the April 1923 opinion handed down in Adkins v. Children's Hospital. By a vote of 5 to 3 (Brandeis abstaining), the Court negated...

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3. Providers: An Exploration of Gender Ideology in the 1930s

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pp. 57-80

On May 10, 1933, Earl Leiby of Akron, Ohio, wrote to Franklin Delano Roosevelt, president of the United States:
You are probably aware of the fact that homes are being wrecked daily due to the fact that married women are permitted to work in factories...

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4. The Double Meaning of Equal Pay

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pp. 81-112

As the Equal Pay Bill came up for its final votes in the spring of 1963, the two sides squared off once again. The bill, which would prohibit differential wages for women doing "equal work on jobs the performance of which requires equal skill...

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5. The Just Price, the Free Market, and the Value of Women

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pp. 113-129

For feminist historians the 1980s could be described in the words with which Charles Dickens introduced A Tale of Two Cities: they were the best of times and the worst of times. On the one hand, the creative outpouring of historical scholarship...

Notes

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pp. 130-160

Index

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pp. 161-170