Cover

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Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

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Contents

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pp. vii-viii

List of Illustrations

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pp. ix-x

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Acknowledgments

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pp. xi-xii

I have incurred many debts while working on this book and it is a pleasure to recognize them here. At Boston College, it was my good fortune to have Kevin Kenny as an advisor and he remains today a valued mentor and friend. David Quigley and Lynn Lyerly were unfailingly generous with their time, advice...

List of Abbreviations

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p. xiii

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Introduction

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pp. 3-14

The cause of the poor in Donegal is the cause of the factory slave in Fall River,” proclaimed Patrick Ford, editor of the radical New York newspaper The Irish World and American Industrial Liberator.1 This statement demonstrates the strong transatlantic connections that existed between Irish immigrants in the United States and their countrymen in Ireland in the 1880s. Irish-American nationalism...

Part I. The Transatlantic Origins of the Land League

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1. The “Uncrowned King of Ireland”: Charles Stewart Parnell’s 1880 Mission to America

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pp. 17-49

Standing on the deck of the steamship Baltic, during its slow retreat from New York harbor, Charles Stewart Parnell, the already famous Irish member of Parliament (MP) and president of the Irish National Land League, took a last look to the shore. Braving a cold and blustery March afternoon, hundreds...

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2. “An Agitator of the Best Kind”: Michael Davitt and the Rise of the Land League in the United States

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pp. 50-68

Parnell’s tour of America had been vital in generating support for the Land League in the United States, but it left the organization still in its infancy at the time of his departure. For many Irish Americans it was unclear after Parnell’s return to Ireland how the new organization should proceed. John Boyle O’Reilly, editor of the Boston...

Part II. The Effect of the Land League in the United States

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3. From Plymouth Rock to the Golden Gate: The Growth and Spread of the Land League in the United States

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pp. 71-89

Without the publicity and energy provided earlier by the tours of Parnell and Davitt, the Land League in the United States in the last months of 1880 lingered on life support. Events in Ireland and at Westminster, as we have seen, spurred the movement forward, as Irish Americans responded to the British arrest of...

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4. “Ireland to Us Is Father and Mother and America Is the Wife”: Conservative Irish-American Nationalism, the Land League, and the Quest for Respectability

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pp. 90-103

As the Land League agitation spread in the United States, diverse groups with very different views about the purpose of the Land League struggled over control of the movement. The meaning of the Land League in the United States was far from stable, changing and responding to the competing claims of the various elements that created it...

Images

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pp. 104-111

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5. “Spreading the Light”: Patrick Ford, Irish-American Radical Nationalism, and the Land League

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pp. 112-136

The cover of the 13 March 1880 issue of the Irish World displayed a solitary, robed, torch- bearing female standing atop a pillar rising from the soil of Ireland, serving as a beacon to the outside world, reminiscent of the Statue of Liberty being built for New York harbor. The statue featured in Patrick Ford’s...

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6. “Let Us Rise to Action”: Gender, Ethnic Nationalism, and the Ladies’ Land League in the United States

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pp. 137-158

Thousands of Irish-American women created and participated in an energetic Ladies’ Land League in the United States in the early 1880s. These women embraced Irish nationalism and, through their activism, asserted a public role in their communities. Most historians have neglected the involvement of Irish...

Part III. The End of the Land League

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7. “Ireland Is Fighting Humanity’s Battle”: The No-Rent Manifesto, Land Nationalization, and the Radical Challenge in the United States

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pp. 161-176

In late 1881 the British government responded to the Land League agitation in Ireland with a dual strategy—the creation of limited land reform with the passage in August of the Irish Land Act (embodying the famous “Three Fs”) and the outlawing of the Land League in October.1 Charles Stewart Parnell...

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8. The Road from Kilmainham Jail: The Death of the Land League and the Triumph of Conservative Irish Nationalism in the United States and Ireland

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pp. 177-198

Through the early months of 1882 the Irish Land League leaders remained in jail. In the Irish countryside, despite the efforts of the Ladies’ Land League, the land agitation was escalating into widespread violence, and its direction became very uncertain. Wanting to end the violence and reassert control of the movement...

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Epilogue

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pp. 199-204

The preceding chapters have demonstrated the important impact of the Land League in the United States and Ireland. Before ending our discussion of the movement, it is worthwhile to briefly examine the Land League’s continuing influence on Irish nationalism in the late nineteenth century. As previous...

Appendix

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pp. 205-208

Notes

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pp. 209-254

Bibliography

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pp. 255-272

Index

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pp. 273-280

Series Page

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pp. 281-282