Cover

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Title page, Copyright

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Contents

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Introduction

Charles E. Ziegler

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pp. 1-20

The five Central Asian states of Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Turkmenistan constitute a region of great importance in world politics. Historically, this remote area lay at the center of a struggle for influence and empire between Russia and Britain. Today’s major powers...

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1. Social Capital and Development of Civil Society in Central Asia

Andrey А. Kazantsev

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pp. 21-58

The issue that I plan to analyze in this essay is that specific Central Asian political and social environments (including the legacy of Soviet totalitarianism and present-day clan-dominated societies) have significantly distorted the structure and function of nongovernmental organizations...

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2. Islamization and Civil Society in Central Asia

Reuel R. Hanks

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pp. 59-80

More than twenty years ago, the Turkish scholar Ozay Mehmet wrote of “a global identity crisis” sweeping the developing world, a crisis that in particular affected what he termed the “Islamic periphery.”1 He noted that “in Africa as elsewhere in the Third World, the central question at the...

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3. Islamic Revival and Civil Society in Kazakhstan

Dilshod Achilov

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pp. 81-110

Whereas studies of compatibility between Islam and democracy have received wide scholarly attention, little research addresses the issue of rising effects of Islamic revival on civil society. Average public opinion in the Muslim world seems to support the increased role of religion in...

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4. Negotiating Social Activism

Marlene Laruelle

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pp. 111-136

In this chapter I seek to deconstruct the one-size-fits-all concept of civil society in several of its postulates, in particular those that assume a clear separation between society and state, between nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and government-organized nongovernmental organizations...

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5. Nonstate Health Care Provision in Central Asia

Erica Johnson

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pp. 137-168

Under what conditions does nonstate welfare provision become politicized? That is, when do nonstate actors not only challenge a government’s welfare provision capacity but, perhaps as importantly, use welfare service provision as a tool for entering the political sphere to act as, or challenge...

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6. Civil Service and Public Satisfaction

Ken Charman, Rakhymzhan Assangaziyev

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pp. 169-196

Among the former centrally planned economies, Kazakhstan has been one of the leading proponents of improvements in public service provision. Civil service reform has been at the top of the government’s agenda in the two decades since independence, as an integral component...

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7. Civil Society in a Period of Transition

Ruslan Kazkenov, Charles E. Ziegler

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pp. 197-222

Kazakhstan is in many respects the Central Asian nation best situated to build a civil society, a market economy, and a functioning democracy. Education levels are high, economic growth rates have averaged over 10 percent per year since 2000, and the country has an abundance of natural...

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8. In Good Times and Hard Times

Charles Buxton

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pp. 223-248

The aim of this chapter is to discuss civil society development in Kyrgyzstan from the point of view of a capacity-building practitioner who has lived for over ten years in the country’s capital, Bishkek, and has worked across the Central Asia region. The article takes as a base the definition...

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9. Civil Society in Chains

Charles J. Sullivan

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pp. 249-276

Democracy, broadly defined, is best characterized as a type of governing system in which a “substantial” portion of a population partakes in both the “exercise” and “contestation” of power according to a set of formal democratic institutions.1 In referring to such institutions, a view...

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10. Bridging the Divide between Neoliberal and Communal Civil Society in Tajikistan

Sabine Freizer

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pp. 277-310

As others have written in this volume, civil society is a highly debated term, and it is being translated in different ways and forms throughout Central Asia. Among all the countries examined here, Tajikistan is undoubtedly the furthest from the states of Western Europe where the concept...

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11. State, Civil Society Actors, and Political Instabilities in Post-Soviet Kyrgyzstan

Graeme P. Herd, Maxim Ryabkov

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pp. 311-332

The introduction has highlighted various conceptions of civil society, demonstrating the important differences in the ways civil society is conceived and actualized. Civil society is a highly contested concept, and its role and significance are far from being understood. Indeed...

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Conclusion

Charles E. Ziegler

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pp. 333-342

In this volume we have examined various facets of civil society and state-society relations in Central Asia to better understand the diverse societal actors and their relationship to the authoritarian governments of the region. We found that while there are autonomous spaces where...

Acknowledgments

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pp. 343-344

Contributors

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pp. 345-346

Index

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pp. 347-360