Cover

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Title

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Copyright

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Contents

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Introduction

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pp. 1-20

IN NOVEMBER 1793 a report direct from Paris described for Philadelphia readers a "Grand Festival dedicated to Reason and Truth held at Notre Dame in Paris. This public ceremony included a group of young women dressed in white, who surrounded an Altar of Reason upon which a figure of Liberty stood.1 The following August, Philadelphians echoed their French peers by celebrating...

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Chapter One. Women and the Development of American Print Culture

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pp. 21-54

BEFORE WOMEN stepped into the streets to partake in political celebrations, to attend plays, or to converse in salons, they were exposed to a growing body of written material about their status in the early republic. By the late eighteenth century American women had developed a new and more engaged relationship to print-a medium that both reflected current ideas about women's roles and promoted new ones. As the world of publishers and readership expanded with technological and educational developments...

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Chapter Two. American Women and the French Revolution

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pp. 55-100

ARMED WITH the sentiments expressed in magazines and other forms of print culture, women were prepared to assume an expanded role in public events of the early republic. The popular American political culture that developed in response to the French Revolution provided them with ample opportunities to do so. Indeed, as early as 1789, as Americans were inundated with information...

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Chapter Three. Women as Authors, Audiences, and Subjects in the American Theater

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pp. 101-124

AS WOMEN gained a greater share in the social and political life of the nation, their presence was increasingly integral to the cultural sphere. Like the public streets, Philadelphia's playhouses were strongly contested, politicized spaces where women contributed to national political culture. The Democratic Republicans and the Federalists used performances to both demonstrate and encourage partisanship...

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Chapter Four.The Creation of the American Political Salon

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pp. 125-142

THE AMERICAN response to the French Revolution afforded women the opportunity to participate intermittently in public political activities. The theater offered them a public presence and a profession. At the same time, the creation of a federal government in 1788 fostered yet another public role for American women...

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Conclusion

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pp. 143-150

ON JULY FOURTH , 1800, a group of New Jersey women publicly assembled to celebrate the day Democratic Republican newspapers reported that the women drank toasts to "the female Republicans of France," and to "the rights of women-may they never be curtailed."1Despite the Federalists' dominance of the public stage in the late 1790s, some Democratic Republicans continued to claim July Fourth as a day to celebrate their political...

Notes

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pp. 151-190

Bibliography

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pp. 191-208

Index

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pp. 209-216

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Acknowledgments

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pp. 217-217

This book has been through many incarnations over the years. I must begin by thanlung those people who helped and encouraged me during my graduate study at Northern Illinois University, especially Allan Kulikoff and Elizabeth Schulman. As a dissertation fellow at the Philadelphia (now McNeil) Center...