Cover

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Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

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Contents

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pp. vii-x

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Preface

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pp. xi-xxvi

When you land on an aircraft carrier—even on the mail run, strapped in backward, wearing a crash helmet and goggles—they tell you it will feel like a “controlled crash,” and you do decelerate fast. Coming down hard can be disorienting, but it is also thrilling. When the plane pulled off the braking cable, the rear cargo door opened and a...

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Acknowledgments

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pp. xxvii-xxx

There are too many people to thank. The inspiration for this book comes from the love, the faith, and the habits of intellectual inquiry and honest skepticism my parents, Nancy Kennedy and Paul Kennedy, nurtured—both in our family and among the close circle of friends with whom they founded a small church in the 1950s and in...

Part I. The International Humanitarian as Advocate and Activist

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1. The International Human Rights Movement: Part of the Problem?

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pp. 3-36

There is no question that the international human rights movement has done a great deal of good. It has freed individuals from great harm, provided an emancipatory vocabulary and institutional machinery for people across the globe. It has raised the standards by which governments judge one another, and by which they are...

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2. Spring Break: The Activist Individual

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pp. 37-84

At 10:00 a.m., March 22, 1984, as guards led Ana Rivera into the small white clinic at Punta Rieles prison, Dr. Richard Goldstein, Patrick Breslin, and I became the first outsiders to speak privately and unconditionally with any of the roughly seven hundred political prisoners held in Uruguayan prisons at that time. We shook her...

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3. Autumn Weekend: The Activist Community

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pp. 85-108

My spring break in Uruguay was almost twenty years ago. Younger, relatively new to human rights activism, I was preoccupied with my own role and with the shifting expectations and relationships which emerged as I carried out a mission largely scripted by others. I should confess, however, that the uncertainty, the tawdry feelings of...

Part II. The International Humanitarian As Policy Maker

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4. Humanitarian Policy Making: Pragmatism Without Politics?

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pp. 111-148

International policy making now affects most every domain in which the contemporary welfare state is active. Indeed, the globalization of policy making may be the most significant change in the structure, site and substance of political culture since the consolidation of the nation state as the primary arena for popular politics a century or...

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5. The Rule of Law as a Strategy for Economic Development

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pp. 149-168

Over the past ten years, policy makers interested in promoting economic development in the third world have increasingly turned their attention to law and law reform. As a result, “law and development”—the study of law as a policy making instrument for economic development—is back, taught again in law faculties, the focus...

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6. Bringing Market Democracy to Eastern and Central Europe

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pp. 169-198

In the years immediately following the fall of the Berlin Wall, many foreign policy specialists were filled with enthusiasm. The entire international system seemed open to renewal, with Europe the epicenter of transformation. More than four decades of East-West stalemate ended more abruptly and completely than had seemed imaginable. The European...

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7. The International Protection of Refugees

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pp. 199-234

Much humanitarian work involves persuading other actors to address humanitarian concerns. Individual activists do this through their advocacy, just as international organizations lobby national governments to take action. Alongside this work, humanitarian professionals elaborate vocabularies to justify and empower their advocacy, design...

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8. Humanitarianism and Force

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pp. 235-324

International humanitarians abjure war. Reducing the frequency and violence of war have been central objectives for humanitarian policy making. International law has been an indispensable tool, fashioned, promoted, interpreted, and applied to moderate the use of military force. More than a hundred years of policy making about warfare...

Part III: What International Humanitarianism Should Become

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9. Humanitarian Power

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pp. 327-358

The impulse to make the world more just, more secure, more fair—more humane, in short—survives exposure to the dark sides of international humanitarianism. But the dark sides I have described are also resilient. Aspiring to good, humanitarians too often mute awareness that their best ideas can have bad consequences. When things...

Index

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pp. 359-368