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Crisis in an Atlantic Empire
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summary
With a compelling narrative that weaves together story and thesis and brings to life immense archival research and empirical data, Crisis in an Atlantic Empire is a finely grained historical tour of the period covering 1808 to 1810, which is often called “the age of revolutions.” The study examines an accumulation of countervailing elements in a spasm of imperial crisis, as Spain and its major colony New Spain struggled to preserve traditional structures of exchange—Spain's transatlantic trade system—with Caribbean ports at Veracruz and Havana in wartime after 1804. Rooted in the struggle between businessmen seeking to expand their economic reach and the ruling class seeking to maintain its hegemonic control, the crisis sheds light on the contest between free trade and monopoly trade and the politics of preservation among an enduring and influential interest group: merchants. Reflecting the authors’ masterful use of archival sources and their magisterial knowledge of the era’s complex metropolitan and colonial institutions, this volume is the capstone of a research endeavor spanning nearly sixty years. Edge of Crisis: War and Trade in the Spanish Atlantic, 1789–1808 Hardcover edition published in 2009, 978-0-8018-9046-8 Apogee of Empire: Spain and New Spain in the Age of Charles III, 1759–1789 Hardcover edition published in 2003, 978-0-8018-7339-3 Silver, Trade, and War: Spain and America in the Making of Early Modern Europe Hardcover edition published in 2000, 978-0-8018-6135-2 Paperback edition published in 2003, 978-0-8018-7755-1

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title page, Copyright, Dedication
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. vii-viii
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  1. Preface
  2. pp. ix-xii
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  1. Prologue
  2. pp. 1-4
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  1. Part One: Metropole
  2. pp. 5-6
  1. 1. A National Drama, Act II: Aranjuez
  2. pp. 7-44
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  1. 2. Bayonne
  2. pp. 45-74
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  1. 3. Dos de Mayo: Insurgency
  2. pp. 75-93
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  1. 4. Sevilla: The Struggle for Supremacy in Spain and New Spain
  2. pp. 94-128
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  1. Part Two: Colony
  2. pp. 129-130
  1. 5. A Contested Authority
  2. pp. 131-161
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  1. 6. New Spain’s Cuban Counterpoint
  2. pp. 162-190
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  1. 7. The Powerful and Insecure: Mexico City’s Almaceneros, 1808
  2. pp. 191-213
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  1. 8. The Audiencia de México, Iturrigaray, and Talamantes
  2. pp. 214-239
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  1. 9. Melchor Talamantes: Criollo Exponent of New Spain’s Interests
  2. pp. 240-255
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  1. 10. Sevilla’s Comisionados and Mexico City’s Juntas
  2. pp. 256-295
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  1. 11. Viceroy Iturrigaray: Criollos and a Viceroy’s Grand Design
  2. pp. 296-324
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  1. 12. Anatomy of a Colonial Coup d’État: Mexico City, 1808
  2. pp. 325-358
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  1. Part Three: Metropole
  2. pp. 359-360
  1. 13. Junta de Sevilla, Consejo de Castilla, and the Genesis of the Junta Central
  2. pp. 361-377
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  1. 14. Junta Central: Ideologues and Ideology
  2. pp. 378-402
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  1. 15. Junta Central versus Junta de Sevilla: The Colonial Question
  2. pp. 403-429
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  1. 16. Financing the Resistance in Spain
  2. pp. 430-453
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  1. 17. Dissolution of the Junta Central
  2. pp. 454-465
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  1. 18. Regencia and Junta de Cadiz
  2. pp. 466-489
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  1. 19. The Pivotal Orden of 17 May 1810
  2. pp. 490-528
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  1. 20. Colonial Insurrection and the Call for the Cortes
  2. pp. 529-552
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  1. Part Four: Colony
  2. pp. 553-554
  1. 21. An Eroding Colonial System: New Spain, 1808–1810
  2. pp. 555-571
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  1. 22. Fissures in the Colonial Elite: Merchants
  2. pp. 572-586
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  1. 23. Fire under the Embers: Between Preemptive Coup and Insurrection
  2. pp. 587-613
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  1. 24. The Regencia’s Comisionados and Bishop-Elect Abad y Queipo
  2. pp. 614-630
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  1. 25. Oprimidos y Opresores
  2. pp. 631-652
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  1. 26. “No Hay Más Recurso Que Ir a Coger Gachupines”
  2. pp. 653-660
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  1. Conclusion
  2. pp. 661-664
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 665-758
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  1. Bibliography
  2. pp. 759-772
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 773-795
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