Cover

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Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

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pp. i-vi

Contents

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pp. vii-viii

List of Illustrations

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pp. ix-x

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Preface

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pp. xi-xiv

In this era of scholarly specialization, one is intensely aware of his limitations and of his debt to scholars better equipped than he to address even so seemingly simple a topic as the Bible in Arabic. For the fact is that in every chapter that follows one must rely on the work of scholars who have made the particular...

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INTRODUCTION

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pp. 1-6

The study of the Bible in Arabic is in its infancy. There are hundreds of extant manuscripts containing portions of the Bible in Arabic translations produced by Jews and Christians in early Islamic times and well into the Middle Ages. But until now, with some notable exceptions, they have been of little interest to either biblical scholars or even to...

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CHAPTER I: The Bible in Pre-Islamic Arabia

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pp. 7-53

Even a brief perusal of the Arabic Qurʾān is sufficient to convince the first-time reader that the text presumes a high degree of scriptural literacy on the part of its audience. In it there are frequent references to biblical patriarchs, prophets, and other figures of Late Antique, Jewish, and Christian religious...

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CHAPTER II: The Bible in the Arabic Qur'ān

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pp. 54-96

The Qurʾān is very conscious of the Bible and sometimes presents itself as offering once again a revelation previously sent down in the Torah and the Gospel. One verse even seems to put the Qurʾān on a par with these earlier scriptures, when it speaks of the promise of paradise for those who fight in the way of God, as...

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CHAPTER III: The Earliest Translations of the Bible into Arabic

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pp. 97-126

It was not long after the death of the Arab prophet Muḥammad in 632 CE that the burgeoning Muslim Community of Believers began the task of collecting the Qurʾān into the form in which it would become the written scripture of the Muslims. As most scholars agree, it was destined also to be the first book properly so called to appear...

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CHAPTER IV: Christian Translations of the Bible into Arabic

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pp. 127-154

As we have seen, all the evidence points to the late seventh century and, with a greater degree of certainty, to the eighth century for the origin of Bible translations into Arabic done under Christian auspices. It was, however, the ninth century that counts as the heyday of the Christian translation movement more...

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CHAPTER V: Jewish Translations of the Bible into Arabic

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pp. 155-174

It was in early Islamic times, perhaps as early as the first decades of the eighth century, that Jewish scribes began producing books in the codex form. The earliest surviving dated Hebrew Bibles written in this format appeared between the early tenth and mid-eleventh centuries.1 It was...

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CHAPTER VI: Muslims and the Bible in Arabic

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pp. 175-203

In their quest to articulate and commend a distinctive Islamic religious view of the world and of the Muslim’s place in it, Muslim scholars in the early Islamic period were quick to take their cue from the Qurʾān’s multiple recollections and reminiscences from the Torah, the Prophets, the Psalms, and the Gospel. In addition...

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CHAPTER VII: Intertwined Scriptures

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pp. 204-216

Interest in the Bible in Arabic outside of the Arabic-speaking world seems first to have arisen in the sixteenth century in Western churches with concerns in the Middle East,1 and to have culminated in the inclusion of Arabic versions of biblical books in the great polyglot Bibles of the sixteenth century.2 The first of these to include...

Bibliography

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pp. 217-246

Index

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pp. 247-258