Cover

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Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

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Contents

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Acknowledgments

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pp. ix-xii

This project started nearly ten years ago when I stumbled onto the topic of Garveyism for a seminar paper. For a while I set Garveyism aside and returned to my original dissertation plans. But Garveyism crept back in. Before long it occupied my thoughts. I owe a great debt to the ingenious architects...

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Introduction

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pp. 1-12

In 1916, Marcus Mosiah Garvey, a young Jamaican printer, entrepreneur, and aspiring race leader, sailed into New York harbor. Before the end of the First World War, from his base in Harlem he launched his great mass organization, the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African...

Part One: The Rise and Fall of Marcus Garvey

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1. The Education of Marcus Mosiah Garvey

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pp. 15-44

On the morning of October 11, 1865, men and women streamed out of the small black settlement of Stony Gut, Jamaica and trooped in military formation toward the town of Morant Bay, in the parish of St. Thomas in the East. They were armed with sticks and cutlasses; some carried guns. At their...

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2. The Center Cannot Hold

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pp. 45-75

Joseph Booth arrived in the Shire Highlands in 1892, and established his Zambesi Industrial Mission at Michiru, north of Blantyre. Invasions by Yao-speaking people, the expanding slave trade, and a devastating famine in 1862 had left the once-populous region nearly uninhabited. After a protectorate...

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3. Africa for the Africans!

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pp. 76-106

Several months after the war, serving as a colonial agent in a remote outpost in northern Nigeria, the aspiring Anglo-Irish novelist Joyce Cary was summoned to adjudicate a peculiar case. A young man had been arrested by the local emir after he had been overheard “talking sedition” about a black...

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4. “The Silent Work That Must Be Done”

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pp. 107-126

The opening parade of the Second International Convention of Negroes of the World stretched two miles, up and down the wide avenues of Seventh and Lenox. Large crowds assembled along the parade route, and residents hung streamers bearing the UNIA tricolor, the red, black, and green...

Part Two: The Age of Garvey

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5. The Tide of Preparation

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pp. 129-159

On the evening of March 12, 1927 Arthur S. Gray found himself sharing the stage with a compelling cast of characters. Edgar Owens of the Communist Party sat to his side, accompanied by a representative from the Socialist party; a young Chinese student and an older Chinese man were joined by...

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6. Broadcast on the Winds

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pp. 160-185

On November 25, 1923 in the heart of the Shire Highlands, the white settler region of colonial Nyasaland, four Angoni youths visited the store of Osman Gani and asked about the price of cloth. When the shopkeeper quoted a figure, the young men demurred, and provocatively explained...

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7. The Visible Horizon

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pp. 186-211

In the middle of May 1923, Isaac Clements Katongo Muwamba, a government clerk working in Lusaka, Northern Rhodesia (Zambia), approached the colony’s Chief Secretary, Donald Mackenzie-Kennedy, with a proposal to establish a “Native Improvement Association” in the town compound...

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8. Muigwithania (The Reconciler)

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pp. 212-237

In the beginning of things, Mogai (Ngai, God) took the man Gikuyu (Kikuyu) to the top of Mount Kenya and bequeathed to him the bountiful land below. Mogai provided Gikuyu with a wife, Moombi (Mumbi), and they had nine daughters. When the daughters had grown, Mogai provided...

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Afterword

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pp. 238-242

The bustling streets of modern Nairobi are inscribed with the history of Kenya’s anticolonial struggle. Kenyatta Avenue runs along Uhuru Park and through the heart of the city’s downtown, past Koinange Street, past Kimathi Street and a memorial to the executed rebel, Dedan Kimathi, and...

Abbreviations

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pp. 243-244

Notes

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pp. 245-298

Index

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pp. 299-306