Cover

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Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

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pp. i-vi

Contents

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pp. vii-viii

List of Illustrations

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pp. ix-x

List of Tables

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pp. xi-xii

List of Abbreviations

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pp. xiii-xvi

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Preface

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pp. xvii-xxiv

The title of this book might seem to refl ect wishful thinking by the author: it appears at a moment of rising criticism of Islamic religious practices, as European governments of left and right renounce past “excesses” of religious toleration toward Islam. As the...

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Chapter One: A Leap in the Dark: Muslims and the State in Twenty-first-Century Europe

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pp. 1-29

Just over 1 percent of the world’s 1.5 billion Muslims reside in Western Europe, yet this immigrant-origin minority has had a disproportionate impact on religion and politics in its new and former homelands. The Muslim population ballooned in...

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Chapter Two: European Outsourcing and Embassy Islam: L’islam, c’est moi

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pp. 30-69

The first month of 2010 brought several reminders of the Muslim world’s residual paternalism toward the Islamic diaspora in Europe. The Tunisian presidency organized a conference on “Youth and the Future: Contemporary Challenges,” and invited an Italian...

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Chapter Three: A Politicized Minority: The Qur’ân is our Constitution

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pp. 70-104

At the dawn of the twenty-first century, public authorities in Europe had two options for Islamic interlocutors and mixed emotions about each one. On the one hand, they had in the representatives of Embassy Islam a set of reliable interlocutors whom they knew well...

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Chapter Four: Citizens, Groups, and the State

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pp. 105-132

The religious practices of a population of “guestworkers” pose different policy challenges than do those of a permanent religious minority. Since the arrival in Western Europe of Muslim labor migrants in the 1960s and 1970s, their status changed from guests to...

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Chapter Five: The Domestication of State–Mosque Relations

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pp. 133-162

The establishment of Islam Councils by national interior ministries is the most striking policy response of recent years to the growth of Islam in Europe, and the only campaign to date to have mobilized a majority of Muslim leaders to rise above their divisions in...

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Chapter Six: Imperfect Institutionalization: Islam Councils in Europe

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pp. 163-197

European governments learned valuable lessons in institutional design from the early, ineffective efforts at organizing Muslim communities in the 1990s. The idling of the initial consultations with Muslim groups and their lack of legitimacy and an enforceable...

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Chapter Seven: The Partial Emancipation: Muslim Responses to the State–Islam Consultations

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pp. 198-244

How have the two organizational protagonists of European Muslim communities —Political Islam and Embassy Islam—responded to Europeans’ state-building efforts? The main mosque federations have undergone a process of “domestication” in two significant ways: by participating in the state-mosque...

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Chapter Eight: Muslim Integration and European Islam in the Next Generation

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pp. 245-272

This book has provided a comparative study in the management of religious—and especially Islamic—conflict by exploring the policies that European governments have adopted in response to the presence of growing numbers of Muslims in their...

Notes

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pp. 273-308

Interviews

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pp. 309-316

Bibliography

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pp. 317-354

Index

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pp. 355-368