Cover

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Title Page, Copyright

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pp. i-iv

Contents

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pp. v-vi

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Acknowledgments

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pp. vii-xii

I could not have written this book without the support and encouragement of many people and institutions. Although I can never thank them enough, I am going to attempt to express some small measure of my appreciation and gratitude here. A number of institutions provided generous financial support to fund the research and writing of this book. This project would not have been...

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Introduction

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pp. 1-11

The land border between the United States and Mexico is hard to miss these days. It rises out of the Pacific Ocean in the form of metal pilings that cast a shadow across a beach where families gather and Border Patrol jeeps leave tracks in the sand. It then cuts east across coastal bluffs until a dense tangle of traffic erupts around it at the San Ysidro port of entry. There, helicopters circle overhead and street vendors wind their...

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Chapter One: A New Map for North America: Defining the Border

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pp. 12-38

On September 6, 1851, the four highest-ranking members of the Joint United States and Mexican Boundary Commission met on a high desert plain about sixty miles southeast of Tucson. Their respective governments had sent them to survey and mark the new boundary line between the two republics. U.S. boundary commissioner John Russell Bartlett had...

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Chapter Two: Holding the Line: Fighting Land Pirates and Apaches on the Border

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pp. 39-62

In March 1856, as the Joint United States and Mexican Boundary Commission prepared to draft the final maps of the boundary line in Washington, DC, the last Mexican troops pulled out of Tucson. As American settlers raised the U.S. flag, the Mexican soldiers and their families marched south through a storm, headed toward Santa Cruz, just across...

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Chapter Three: Landscape of Profits: Cultivating Capitalism across the Border

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pp. 63-89

On October 25, 1882, a crowd gathered on the border approximately seventy miles south of Tucson to celebrate the joining of the Sonora Railway and the Arizona and New Mexico Railroad at the international boundary line. William Raymond Morley, chief location engineer of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad and general manager of the Sonora Railway, had selected...

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Chapter Four: The Space Between: Policing the Border

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pp. 90-118

By the 1890s John Brickwood’s saloon was among the many buildings that crowded the boundary line between Nogales, Arizona, and Nogales, Sonora. Brickwood’s saloon straddled the border on the aptly named International Street, which ran along the boundary line, its northern edge in U.S. territory and the rest of the road in Mexico. On the sidewalk...

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Chapter Five: Breaking Ties, Building Fences: Making War on the Border

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pp. 119-147

Just after 4 p.m. on August 27, 1918, an unknown man approached the boundary line in Nogales, Arizona. Suspecting that the man was smuggling something, U.S. Customs Inspector A. G. Barber ordered him to halt, but the man continued walking toward Mexican territory where Mexican guards waved him on. Drawing his gun, Barber, a Nogales resident who had left his job as an electrician...

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Chapter Six: Like Night and Day: Regulating Morality with the Border

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pp. 148-173

On January 30, 1926, Thomas and Carrie Peteet and their two daughters, twenty-six-year-old Clyde and nineteen-year-old Audrey, left their home in San Diego for a week’s vacation in Tijuana. They passed through the border gate at San Ysidro near the spot where only fifteen years before Americans had gathered to watch the Magonista invasion. But like the thousands of American...

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Chapter Seven: Insiders/Outsiders: Managing Immigration at the Border

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pp. 174-197

In July 1925, while tourists rushed into Tijuana, Charles Geck, a seventy-three-year-old U.S. citizen who had been living and mining in Sonora for sixteen years, filed an angry complaint with the U.S. Bureau of Immigration. Geck was furious with the chief of the Naco, Arizona, immigration office, Nick D. Collear, who he claimed had detained respectable Mexican...

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Conclusion

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pp. 198-208

In 2006 the U.S. Congress passed “an Act to establish operational control over the international land and maritime borders of the United States”—an act better known as the Secure Fence Act of 2006. The latest in the U.S. state’s efforts to assert authority over the U.S.-Mexico boundary line, the Secure Fence Act...

Notes

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pp. 209-248

Bibliography

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pp. 249-272

Index

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pp. 273-284