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Climate Change and Forests
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The global climate change problem has finally entered the world's consciousness. While efforts to find a solution have increased momentum, international attention has focused primarily on the industrial and energy sectors. The forest, and land-use sector, however, remains one of the most significant untapped opportunities for carbon mitigation. The expiration of the Kyoto Protocol's first commitment period in 2012 presents an opportunity for the international community to put this sector back on the agenda.

In this timely, wide-ranging volume, an international team of experts explain the links between climate change and forests, highlighting the potential utility of this sector within emerging climate policy frameworks and carbon markets. After framing forestry activities within the larger context of climate-change policy, the contributors analyze the operation and efficacy of market-based mechanisms for forest conservation and climate change. Drawing on experiences from around the world, the authors present concrete recommendations for policymakers, project developers, and market participants. They discuss sequestration rights in Chile, carbon offset programs in Australia and New Zealand, and emerging policy incentives at all levels of the U.S. government. The book also explores the different voluntary schemes for carbon crediting, provides an overview of best practices in carbon accounting, and presents tools for use in future sequestration and offset programs. It concludes with consideration of various incentive options for slowing deforestation and protecting the world's remaining forests.

Climate Change and Forests provides a realistic view of the role that the forest and land-use sector can play in a post-Kyoto regime. It will serve as a practical reference manual for anyone concerned about climate policy, including the negotiators working to define a robust and enduring international framework for addressing climate change.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright Page
  2. p. i
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. v-viii
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  1. Foreword
  2. pp. ix-xiii
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  1. PART ONE: Introduction
  2. p. 1
  1. Chapter 1. Climate Change and Forestry: An Introduction
  2. pp. 3-10
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  1. Chapter 2. The Idea of Market-Based Mechanisms for Forest Conservation and Climate Change
  2. pp. 11-29
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  1. PART TWO: The International Arena
  2. p. 31
  1. Chapter 3. History and Context of LULUCF in the Climate Regime
  2. pp. 33-42
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  1. Chapter 4. Risks and Criticisms of Forestry-Based Climate Change Mitigation and Carbon Trading
  2. pp. 43-58
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  1. Chapter 5. Forest Carbon and Other Ecosystem Services: Synergies between the Rio Conventions
  2. pp. 59-70
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  1. Chapter 6. Forestry Projects under the Clean Development Mechanism and Joint Implementation: Rules and Regulations
  2. pp. 71-85
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  1. Case Study: The Humbo Community-Based Natural Regeneration Project, Ethiopia
  2. pp. 86-88
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  1. Chapter 7. How Renewable Is Bioenergy?
  2. pp. 89-103
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  1. PART THREE: Practical Experiences
  2. p. 105
  1. Chapter 8. Design Issues in Clean Development Mechanism Forestry Projects
  2. pp. 107-121
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  1. Case Study: The San Nicol
  2. pp. 122-124
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  1. Chapter 9. The Permanence Challenge: An Economic Analysis of Temporary Credits
  2. pp. 125-134
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  1. Chapter 10. Project-Based Mechanisms: Methodological Approaches for Measuring and Monitoring Carbon Credits
  2. pp. 135-147
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  1. Chapter 11. Characterizing Sequestration Rights Legally in Chile
  2. pp. 148-162
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  1. Chapter 12. Legal Issues and Contractual Solutions for LULUCF Projects under the Clean Development Mechanism
  2. pp. 163-176
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  1. PART FOUR: Outlook: Avoided Deforestation and the Post-Kyoto Agenda
  2. p. 177
  1. Chapter 13. Reducing Emissions from Deforestation in Developing Countries: An Introduction
  2. pp. 179-190
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  1. Chapter 14. An Accounting Mechanism for Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation of Forests in Developing Countries
  2. pp. 191-205
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  1. Case Study: Creative Financing and Multisector Partners in Madagascar
  2. pp. 206-208
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  1. Case Study: The Noel Kempff Climate Action Project, Bolivia
  2. pp. 223-226
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  1. Chapter 16. Compensated Reductions: Rewarding Developing Countries for Protecting Forest Carbon
  2. pp. 227-236
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  1. Chapter 17. Creating Incentives for Avoiding Further Deforestation: The Nested Approach
  2. pp. 237-248
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  1. PART FIVE: National Systems and Voluntary Carbon Offsets
  2. p. 251
  1. Chapter 18. Legislative Approaches to Forest Sinks in Australia and New Zealand: Working Models for Other Jurisdictions?
  2. pp. 253-271
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  1. Case Study: The West Coast Development Trust,a New Zealand Example
  2. pp. 272-274
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  1. Chapter 19. Using Forests and Farms to Combat Climate Change: How Emerging Policies in the United States Promote Land Conservation and Restoration
  2. pp. 275-288
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  1. Case Study: The Van Eck Forest Management Project in California
  2. pp. 289-291
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  1. Chapter 20. Carving a Niche for Forests in the Voluntary Carbon Markets
  2. pp. 292-307
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  1. Case Study: Reflections on Community-Based Carbon Forestry in Mexico
  2. pp. 308-310
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  1. Chapter 21. Developing Forestry Carbon Projects for the Voluntary Carbon Market: A Practical Analysis
  2. pp. 311-324
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  1. Case Study: Carbon Sequestration in the Sierra Gorda of Mexico
  2. pp. 325-326
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  1. Contributors
  2. pp. 329-332
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 333-346
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