Cover

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Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

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pp. i-vi

Contents

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pp. vii-viii

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Preface to the Paperback Edition

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pp. ix-xviii

The most significant developments in the ethics of enhancement since the first edition of this book was published in 2007 reflect the way in which our increasing ability to alter, adapt, and increase human functioning requires us to reconceptualize...

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Foreword

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pp. xix-xxiv

This book evolved from a series of invited public lectures delivered at the James Martin Institute for Science and Civilization. The institute was founded at Oxford University’s Saïd Business School in 2004, supported by a generous benefaction from the...

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Acknowledgments

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pp. 26-29

Many people have helped and influenced me in the writing of this book. I am indebted to the James Martin Institute of Science and Civilization for inviting me to present...

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Introduction

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pp. 1-7

Suppose a school were to set out deliberately to improve the mental and physical capacities of its students. Suppose its stated aims were to ensure that the pupils left the school not only more intelligent, healthier, and more physically fit than when they...

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1. Has Humankind a Future?

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pp. 8-18

Wouldn’t it be wonderful if we humans could live longer healthier lives with immunity to many of the diseases like cancer and HIV/AIDS that currently beset us? Even more wonderful might be...

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2. Enhancement Is a Moral Duty

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pp. 19-35

I want now to make a brief but I hope decisive and persuasive case for the ethical imperatives which have placed human enhancement firmly on the agenda of all who care about the future of humankind. In later chapters I will deepen and...

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3. What Enhancements Are and Why They Matter

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pp. 36-58

Enhancements are so obviously good for us that it is odd that the idea of enhancement has caused, and still occasions, so much suspicion, fear, and outright hostility. In particular, two influential sets of arguments by philosophers who do not in principle...

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4. Immortality

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pp. 59-71

The Holy Grail of enhancement is immortality.1 Increased longevity and its logical extension, some would say its reductio ad absurdum, immortality, have a long history. Thehumanimagination is familiar with...

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5. Reproductive Choice and the Democratic Presumption

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pp. 72-85

There are many arguments from many sides which purport to give reasons for limiting access to reproductive technologies and procedures which may facilitate the enhancement of individuals or permit...

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6. Disability and Super-Ability

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pp. 86-108

It is a paradox that many of those who oppose human enhancement or indeed who oppose reproductive choices that might influence their children or future generations for the better, that might, in short, enhance, do so partly out of fear. This fear takes a number...

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7. Perfection and the Blue Guitar

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pp. 109-122

One crucial issue at stake in discussions of enhancement is whether the “tune” of change is “beyond us yet ourselves” or beyond us in a way that alters our essential nature, our humanity. There is a strong lobby against...

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8. Good and Bad Uses of Technology

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pp. 123-142

Four contemporary writers have been prominent in expressing particularly strong opposition to enhancement: Michael Sandel, Leon Kass, Jürgen Habermas, and Francis Fukuyama. Others already considered have also produced arguments...

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9. Designer Children

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pp. 143-159

The phrase “designer children” is almost always used pejoratively. But if the design is an improvement on the random combination of genes or if it is more reliable, could it be ethical not to be a designer? Even if we are right to disapprove of...

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10. The Irredeemable Paradox of the Embryo

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pp. 160-183

We have seen that many of the most dramatic forms of enhancement will use or will be a by-product of therapies and techniques using regenerative medicine and stem cell science to achieve both the therapeutic and the enhancement...

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11. The Obligation to Pursue and Participate in Research

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pp. 184-206

In his Life of Galileo, Bertolt Brecht gives a memorable insight into the justification of science to Galileo. Talking to Andrea Sarti, his former student and colleague, who is about to smuggle the...

Notes

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pp. 207-226

Bibliography

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pp. 227-238

Index

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pp. 239-242