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Creationism in Europe
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For decades, the creationist movement was primarily fixed in the United States. Then, in the 1970s, American creationists found their ideas welcomed abroad, first in Australia and New Zealand, then in Korea, India, South Africa, Brazil, and elsewhere—including Europe, where creationism plays an expanding role in public debates about science policy and school curricula. In this, the first comprehensive history of creationism in Europe, leading historians, philosophers, and scientists narrate the rise of—and response to—scientific creationism, creation science, intelligent design, and organized anti-evolutionism in countries and religions throughout Europe. The book provides a unique map of creationism in Europe, plotting the surprising history of creationist activities and strategies there. Over the past forty years, creationism has spread swiftly among European Catholics, Protestants, Jews, Hindus, and Muslims, even as anti-creationists sought to smother its flames. Anti-evolution messages gained such widespread approval, in fact, that in 2007 the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe passed a Resolution advising member states to “defend and promote scientific knowledge” and “firmly oppose the teaching of creationism as a scientific discipline on an equal footing with the theory of evolution.” Creationism in Europe offers a discerning introduction to the cultural history of modern Europe, the variety of world views in Europe, and the interplay of science and religion in a global context. It will be of interest to students and scholars in the history and philosophy of science, religious studies, and evolutionary theory, as well as policymakers and educators concerned about the spread of creationism in our time.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright Page
  2. pp. i-iv
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. v-vi
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  1. Foreword
  2. Ronald L. Numbers
  3. pp. vii-xvi
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. xvii-xx
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  1. Introduction: Creationism in Europe or European Creationism?
  2. Stefaan Blancke, Hans Henrik Hjermitslev, and Peter C. Kjærgaard
  3. pp. 1-14
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  1. 1 France
  2. Thomas Lepeltier
  3. pp. 15-30
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  1. 2 Spain and Portugal
  2. Jesús I. Catalá-Gorgues
  3. pp. 31-49
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  1. 3 United Kingdom
  2. Joachim Allgaier
  3. pp. 50-64
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  1. 4 The Low Countries
  2. Stefaan Blancke, Abraham C. Flipse, and Johan Braeckman
  3. pp. 65-84
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  1. 5 Scandinavia
  2. Hans Henrik Hjermitslev and Peter C. Kjærgaard
  3. pp. 85-104
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  1. 6 Germany
  2. Ulrich Kutschera
  3. pp. 105-124
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  1. 7 Poland
  2. Bartosz Borczyk
  3. pp. 125-143
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  1. 8 Greece
  2. Efthymios Nicolaidis
  3. pp. 144-161
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  1. 9 Russia and Its Neighbors
  2. Inga Levit, Georgy S. Levit, Uwe Hossfeld, and Lennart Olsson
  3. pp. 162-179
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  1. 10 Turkey
  2. Martin Riexinger
  3. pp. 180-198
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  1. 11 Catholicism
  2. Rafael A. Martínez and Thomas F. Glick
  3. pp. 199-213
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  1. 12 Intelligent Design
  2. Barbara Forrest
  3. pp. 214-227
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  1. 13 The Rise of Anti-creationism in Europe
  2. Peter C. Kjærgaard
  3. pp. 228-241
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  1. Afterword: Reclaiming Science for Creationism
  2. Nicolaas A. Rupke
  3. pp. 242-250
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  1. A Note on Sources
  2. Stefaan Blancke
  3. pp. 251-256
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  1. List of Contributors
  2. pp. 257-264
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 265-276
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