Cultural History of Russia in the Great War and Revolution 1914-22
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: Slavica Publishers
Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
Table of Contents
From the Series Editors
Since its inception in 2006 Russia’s Great War and Revolution, 1914–22 has taken shape through the collaboration of an international community of historians interested in the history of World War I’s understudied eastern theater. Timed to coincide with the centenary of the Great War—and, by extension, the...
This book is the second of a two-part collection of essays on the cultural history of Russia between 1914 and 1922, both of which form part of a larger series on Russian history during the Great War, Revolution, and Civil War.1 The two books that comprise the culture “volume” of the series are intended...
Mobilizing the Nation: Patriotic Culture in Russia’s Great War and Revolution, 1914–20
Melissa K. Stockdale
When Russians learned they were at war with Germany, an enormous surge of patriotism swept the country. Massive strikes gripping the capital had already quietly ended. On 20 July on Palace Square, where some 200,000 citizens of every class and occupation had gathered in hopes of seeing the...
Russian Leaders of the Great War and Revolutionary Era in Representations and Rumors
Images of political leaders and statesmen are an important resource for political mobilization. This resource acquires considerable significance in times of acute political crisis and military conflict: those who are actively involved in politics during times of crisis often seek to identify themselves...
Circulation and Production of News and Rumor in Rural Russia during World War I
This ditty, like many others composed as part of the Shapashnikov tobacco company’s wartime advertisement campaign—implying that their cigarettes would inure the smoker to alarmist rumors—displayed a humor quite atypical of the times. Journalists and rural activists, police and administrators hardly...
The Symbol of “Mother Russia” Across Two Epochs: From the First World War to the Civil War
Oleg V. Riabov
As much research of the last two decades has shown, gender discourse played a significant role in the propaganda of all belligerent nations during the First World War.1 Both male and female national personifications—Britannia, Germania, Columbia, Marianne—were widely represented in wartime discourse...
Mass Urban Festivals in the Era of War and Revolution, 1914–22
The tendency to consider mass celebrations as powerful instruments of political and economic domination—as tools of manipulation—has become increasingly prevalent in the theoretical arsenal of researchers in recent decades.1 The development of a cultural-historical paradigm for research has...
The Russian Experience of Money, 1914–24
Steven G. Marks
“Is there really anything more important than money? No!” “Money is the key to a person’s well-being, and gives you everything that is magnificent in life.” “Money rules the world!” Those words, from a get-rich-quick pamphlet published in 1916, convey the upwardly-mobile aspirations of urban Russians...
Identities and Mentalities
Love and Death: Transforming Sexualities in Russia, 1914–22
Historians have long viewed the Great War as an event that transformed sexualities, whether we understand “sexualities” to mean sexual experience and identities, or the discursive constructions that resulted when authorities attempted to regulate sex. The war brought mass mobilization, new occupational...
Fashion in Russia’s War and Revolution
All societies use clothing as a social signifier. Gender, social status, and occupation are often revealed or disguised in an individual’s garments. Consequently, clothing takes on critical importance during times of great social upheaval. Russia’s revolutionary crisis was no exception, and yet, most fashion...
Thinking the Nation through Times of Trial: Russian Philosophy in War and Revolution
Christopher A. Stroop
In 1924, Fr. Sergius (Sergei) Bulgakov (1871–1944) observed that “the problem of a religious society is a typically Russian problem.” He was right. An emerging leader in émigré Russian and ecumenical religious organizations, Bulgakov himself had given a great deal of thought to the problem, particularly after...
Music and Russian Identity in War and Revolution, 1914–22
In January 1915 the weekly Moscow journal Muzyka unveiled a new cover logo: an unsheathed sword whose upright hilt formed the shape of a Christian cross and whose blade was framed by a musical lyre. This single image provided a visual encapsulation of three interlocking themes that dominated Russian-language...
Psychiatric Diagnosis as Political Critique: Russia in War and Revolution
Martin A. Miller
The association of revolution and political violence with qualities of madness has long been imbedded on the margins of the professional literature of psychiatric diagnosis. Philippe Pinel in revolutionary France, often considered the foundational figure in modern Western psychiatry, and Benjamin Rush...
Myths and Memory
The Great War and the Civil War in Russian Memory
In 1975, when literary scholar Paul Fussell wrote The Great War and Modern Memory, he paved the way for a new interdisciplinary field of literary and historical studies of war and memory. Using the works of war poets such as Siegfried Sassoon and Wilfred Owen, and memoirists such as Robert Graves...
The Great War in Soviet Interwar Films: How to Forget (or Not)
“The World War, we’ve seen it dozens of times on screen. The columns of soldiers sent to the front, the parades and processions, the cemeteries, the bits of human corpses—they have already shown them to us with great force, with anger, with artistic expressiveness. It is difficult to take up this theme yet...
Russian Monuments to the First World War: Where Are They? Why Are They?
Aaron J. Cohen
The first major Russian public monument to the First World War opened in 1916 at the center of the new “Boulevard of Heroes” in the town of Viaz´ma (see fig. 48 in the gallery of illustrations following page 178). Destroyed in the 1920s, it was also the last major public monument to the First World War on...
“Twentieth-Century Apocalypse” or a “Grimace of Pain”? The Vanishing Traces of October
Frederick C. Corney
The Great October Socialist Revolution is over. It exists no longer, either as Communism’s specter or as History’s locomotive. This sentiment, if not these precise words, was trumpeted by historian Martin Malia, who in 1992, shortly after the demise of the USSR, wrote that “no one cares much any more” about...
Summing Up: Culture(s) in a Time of Crisis
William G. Rosenberg
Collectively, the fine set of essays in these two books make three important points about cultural forms and practices during the devastating years of loss and revolutionary upheaval that began with the outbreak of war in 1914. They show, first, that a wide variety of cultural forms and practices...
The Great War and Russian Culture in Comparative Perspective
Stark contrast is a defining theme in many comparisons of Russian and Western European cultural history. Certainly under Communism, culture was political and politics were about culture, to a degree and in ways that marked the Soviet Union as fundamentally different from Western Europe...
Notes on Contributors
Publication Year: 2013
Volume Title: Political Culture, Identities, Mentalities, and Memory
Series Title: Russia's Great War and Revolution
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