Cover

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Title Page, Copyright Page

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pp. i-vi

Contents

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pp. vii-x

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Foreword

Theodore Zev Weiss

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pp. xi-xii

...University and are particularly grateful to the conference cochairs: Professor Omer Bartov and Professor Dagmar Herzog. Th eir dedication and hard work made the conference extremely successful...

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Editor’s Acknowledgments

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pp. xiii-xiv

...the efforts and support of many more. Thanks are due to the Holocaust Educational Foundation and its president, Theodore Zev Weiss; to Dagmar Herzog and Omer Bartov, who organized the eighth Lessons and Legacies Conference...

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Introduction

Doris L. Bergen

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pp. xv-xxx

...call to remember, refl ect upon, and teach about the Holocaust and its destruction of humanity. Levi’s poem is at once an invocation and a curse: a challenge to repeat these things to our children and a...

I. Precedents and Antecedents

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The Symbol of the Cross: Secularization of a Metaphor from the Early Church to National Socialism

Christina von Braun

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pp. 5-33

...surprising. The cross is marked by paradoxes: it signifi es both death and resurrection, the body and renunciation of the fl esh, agony and victory. To Christians...

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The First Genocide of the Twentieth Century: The German War of Destruction in South - West Africa (1904–1908) and the Global History of Genocide

Jürgen Zimmerer

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pp. 34-64

...after the “battle” of Hamakari (Waterberg) in August 1904 into the Sandveld of the Omaheke Desert. Although the career offi cer von Estorff had most certainly seen his share of violence and cruelty, he was noticeably...

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Suppressed Memory of Atrocity in World War I and Its Impact on World War II

Annette Becker

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pp. 65-82

...tells us that, on what had been Germany’s eastern front, it never stopped being wartime. I agree and argue that that was not the only place where war never stopped...

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The Final Solution Turns East: How Soviet Internationalism Aided and Abetted Nazi Racial Genocide

Kate Brown

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pp. 83-98

...ghettos, which elsewhere in Europe served to weaken communities of Jews emotionally and physically. Throughout the summer and fall of 1941 and again in the summer and fall of 1942, Jews of right- bank Ukraine were simply marched...

II. Testimony, History, and Memory

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Interethnic Relations in the Holocaust as Seen Through Postwar Testimonies: Buczacz, East Galicia, 1941–1944

Omer Bartov

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pp. 101-124

...on the eve of World War I numbered about twenty thousand inhabitants, of whom about half were Jews while the rest were Poles and Ukrai - nians. (See fi gure 6.) Trembach’s daughter was born in June 1941, three days before Germany...

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Infinite Loneliness: Some Aspects of the Lives of Jewish Women in the Auschwitz Camps According to Testimonies and Autobiographies Written Between 1945 and 1948

Na’ama Shik

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pp. 125-156

...But as Primo Levi understood, “human memory is a marvelous but fallacious instrument,” and turning the past into a story is itself among the variables that...

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Rereading Women’s Holocaust Memoirs: Liana Millu’s Smoke Over Birkenau

Elizabeth R. Baer

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pp. 157-174

...explore the interaction between survivor- writers and scholar- readers by concentrating on the work of Italian survivor Liana Millu, whose collection of six narratives Primo Levi called “one of the most powerful...

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Breaking the Silence of the Muted Witnesses: Video Testimonies of Psychiatrically Hospitalized Holocaust Survivors in Israel

Dori Laub

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pp. 175-188

...registries, and newspaper articles—were of paramount importance, but no attempt was made to obtain the personal eyewitness experiences (from multiple...

III. Approaches to Historical Study of the Holocaust

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Spanning a Career: Three Editions of Raul Hilberg’s Destruction of the European Jews

Christopher R. Browning

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pp. 191-202

...connection with this book on my part. As a young graduate student who had just completed an M.A. thesis on a less- than- scintillating topic in French diplomatic history—Edouard Herriot’s diplomacy at the Geneva...

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Holocaust Research and Generational Change: Regional and Local Studies Since the Cold War

Martin Dean

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pp. 203-221

...least rationale, behind Nazi genocidal policies. With regard to the sources, the most signifi cant development was the fall of the Berlin Wall and the collapse of Communism, which opened up archives in Eastern Europe...

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Territorial Revision and the Holocaust: Hungary and Slovakia During World War II

Holly Case

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pp. 222-244

...underwent were both frequent and tenuous. At the beginning of the century, the region was part of the Kingdom of Hungary within the Austro- Hungarian monarchy. In 1918, in the wake of World War I, it became part...

IV. Postwar Legacies

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The Myth of the Clean Wehrmacht in Cold War America

Ronald Smelser

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pp. 247-268

...late 1940s and early 1950s, however, the Cold War was in full swing and the United States found itself in the position of viewing former allies as enemies and former enemies as allies. As a result, the United States lost much of the impetus...

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Personal Reflections on Jewish Ghosts in Germany and the Memory of the Holocaust

Ruth Kluger

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pp. 269-288

...this volume. As most of you know, I am sure, the formula demands that there is a murder victim right at the beginning, then the detectives zero in, grab the suspect, and in the second half hour the prosecutors take over. The...

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“Poles-Catholics” and “Symbolic Jews”: Religion and the Construction of Symbolic Boundaries in Poland

Geneviève Zubrzycki

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pp. 289-322

...Auschwitz were brought up in interviews, were interwoven with antisemitic nuances. In mid- March 1998 some parishes had initiated special masses “for the...

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Notes on Contributors

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pp. 323-326

...professor of English and genocide studies at Gustavus Adolphus College in St. Peter, Minnesota, where she previously held the Florence and Raymond Sponberg Chair of Ethics. She is the coeditor (with Myrna Goldenberg) of...