In this Book

Lessons and Legacies VII
summary
As the discipline of Holocaust studies matures, new questions and themes come to the fore. Among these are critical issues that receive serious scholarly attention, often for the first time, in this collection of essays by some of the world's most respected experts in the field. Greed and theft as motives for Holocaust perpetrators and bystanders; sexual violence and what it tells us about the experiences of both victims and perpetrators; collaboration with Nazis among the local populations of the ever-moving Eastern front; the durability of anti-Semitism after 1945; and the perspectives of the Soviet military and Soviet leadership on Nazi crimes: these are some of the topics the authors address as they extend the boundaries of Holocaust scholarship beyond the central loci of the planning and execution of technologized mass murder--Germany and Poland--and into ghettos and killing fields in Ukraine and Belarus, as well as spaces whose boundaries and national identities changed repeatedly. The authors also look to Western Europe and consider the expropriation of Dutch Jews and the exigencies of post-Holocaust filmmaking in France; they draw insights from recent genocides such as those in Cambodia and Rwanda, and provide new critical analyses of the course and meaning of contested responses to the Shoah in nations and locations long and deeply studied. A thorough, thoughtful, and insightful introduction clarifies the volume's themes and concisely places them within the larger context of Holocaust scholarship; and an introductory essay by Omer Bartov brings into focus the numerous paradoxes structuring early twenty-first-century retrospective thinking about the significance of the Holocaust as a central theme of the twentieth century.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright Page
  2. pp. i-vi
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. vii-x
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  1. Foreword
  2. Theodore Zev Weiss
  3. pp. xi-xii
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  1. Introduction
  2. Dagmar Herzog
  3. pp. xiii-xxiv
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  1. The Holocaust as Leitmotif of the Twentieth Century
  2. Omer Bartov
  3. pp. 3-26
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  1. I. Avarice
  2. pp. 27-28
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  1. The Nazi Kleptocracy: Reflections on Avarice and the Holocaust
  2. Jonathan Petropoulos
  3. pp. 29-38
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  1. Cliques, Corruption, and Organized Self-Pity: The Nazi Movement and the Property of the Jews
  2. Frank Bajohr
  3. pp. 39-49
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  1. “Lawful” Abuse of the Dutch Economy, 1940–1945
  2. Gerard Aalders
  3. pp. 50-65
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  1. After Auschwitz: The Reality and Meaning of Postwar Anti-Semitism in Poland
  2. Jan T. Gross
  3. pp. 66-100
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  1. II. Ideology
  2. pp. 101-102
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  1. Linguistic Violence and Discursive Contestation Preceding the Holocaust
  2. Thomas Pegelow
  3. pp. 103-115
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  1. Anti-Semitism as an Offer: The Function of Ideological Indoctrination in the SS and Police Corps During the Holocaust
  2. Jürgen Matthäus
  3. pp. 116-128
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  1. Ideology and Organizational Culture: Creating the Police Soldier
  2. Edward B. Westermann
  3. pp. 129-141
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  1. Becoming Evil: A Model of How Ordinary People Commit Genocide and Mass Killing
  2. James Waller
  3. pp. 142-156
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  1. III. Gender and Sexual Violence
  2. pp. 157-158
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  1. The Prosecution of Jewish- Gentile Sex in the Race Defilement Trials
  2. Patricia Szobar
  3. pp. 159-168
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  1. Forced Prostitution in the Nazi Concentration Camps
  2. Christa Schikorra
  3. pp. 169-178
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  1. Sexual Violence in the Holocaust: Unique and Typical?
  2. Doris L. Bergen
  3. pp. 179-200
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  1. The Jewish Victims of Ravensbrück Camp
  2. Rochelle G. Saidel
  3. pp. 201-216
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  1. IV. Collaboration and the Eastern Front
  2. pp. 217-218
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  1. Schutzmannschaften in Ukraine and Belarus: Profiles of Local Police Collaborators
  2. Martin Dean
  3. pp. 219-232
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  1. “Neighbors” and the Ukrainian Jewish Experience of the Holocaust
  2. Rebecca Golbert
  3. pp. 233-252
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  1. The Holocaust and the USSR
  2. Harvey Asher
  3. pp. 253-268
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  1. The Nazi Extermination Camps and the Ally to the East: Could the Red Army and Air Force Have Stopped or Slowed the Final Solution?
  2. Jeffrey Herf
  3. pp. 269-282
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  1. V. Dimensions of Memory
  2. pp. 283-284
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  1. How Technology Caused the Holocaust: Martin Heidegger, West German Industrialists, and the Death of Being
  2. Michael Thad Allen
  3. pp. 285-302
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  1. Recent Historiographical Contributionsto the History of the Churches and the Holocaust: The Catholic Case
  2. Suzanne Brown-Fleming
  3. pp. 303-313
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  1. The Politics of Remembering: The Treatment of the Holocaust in the Soviet Union
  2. Bob Weinberg
  3. pp. 314-330
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  1. VI. Documentary
  2. pp. 331-332
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  1. Documenting the Liberation of the Camps: The Case of Aleksander Ford’s Vernichtungslager Majdanek—Cmentarzysko Europy (1944)
  2. Stuart Liebman
  3. pp. 333-351
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  1. Alain Resnais’s Night and Fog: A Turning Point in the History of the Holocaust in France
  2. Christian Delage
  3. pp. 352-368
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  1. Trial as Documentary: Images of Eichmann
  2. Lawrence Douglas
  3. pp. 369-384
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  1. VII. Historiography and Pedagogy
  2. pp. 385-386
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  1. Polish-Jewish Relations and Neighbors by Jan T. Gross: Politics, Public Opinion, and Historical Methodology
  2. Piotr Wróbel
  3. pp. 387-399
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  1. The Normalization of Memory: Saul Friedländer’s Reflections of Nazism Twenty Years Later
  2. Gavriel D. Rosenfeld
  3. pp. 400-410
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  1. The Holocaust and Comparative Genocide
  2. Eric D. Weitz
  3. pp. 411-424
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  1. Notes on Contributors
  2. pp. 425-430
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