Cover

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

Title Page, Copyright Page

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. i-vi

Contents

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. vii-x

read more

Foreword

Theodore Zev Weiss

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. xi-xii

...the seventh Lessons and Legacies Conference held at the University of Minnesota in 2002. The Holocaust Educational Foundation is very grateful to Professor Stephen Feinstein for his hard work as host in helping to organize...

read more

Introduction

Dagmar Herzog

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. xiii-xxiv

...Minneapolis–St. Paul, emphasizes a number of crucial issues that are just now beginning to receive serious scholarly attention. Among them are: greed and theft as motives for Holocaust perpetrators and bystanders; sexual...

read more

The Holocaust as Leitmotif of the Twentieth Century

Omer Bartov

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 3-26

...connote the mass and indiscriminate killing of specifically targeted populations, an increasingly widespread phenomenon that had hitherto lacked a precise definition. The Holocaust was seen as one of the most distinctive manifestations...

I. Avarice

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 27-28

read more

The Nazi Kleptocracy: Reflections on Avarice and the Holocaust

Jonathan Petropoulos

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 29-38

...with such diverse social and geographical backgrounds, how could it have been otherwise? Indeed, there is a scholarly consensus that a variety of factors compelled perpetrators to kill—witness the attacks on Daniel Goldhagen’s...

read more

Cliques, Corruption, and Organized Self-Pity: The Nazi Movement and the Property of the Jews

Frank Bajohr

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 39-49

...then went into exile in London and wrote a vivid report early that summer about his experiences in Nazi Germany. Reichmann described in detail the widespread corruption that Jews were confronted with. He wrote of high...

read more

“Lawful” Abuse of the Dutch Economy, 1940–1945

Gerard Aalders

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 50-65

...thus turned to neutrals to buy commodities and supplies he needed. The German Reichsmark, however, was not convertible. In any event, neutral states preferred payments in Swiss francs, which served as a broadly accepted...

read more

After Auschwitz: The Reality and Meaning of Postwar Anti-Semitism in Poland

Jan T. Gross

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 66-100

...past is buried in the immediate postwar history of my mother country came for me when reading a book by Miriam Hochberg- Marianska, a wartime member of an organization called Żegota, which on behalf of the Polish underground...

II. Ideology

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 101-102

read more

Linguistic Violence and Discursive Contestation Preceding the Holocaust

Thomas Pegelow

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 103-115

...German Jewish members of the intellectual and functional elites in federal, state, and municipal administrations and forced many of them from office. Noticeably...

read more

Anti-Semitism as an Offer: The Function of Ideological Indoctrination in the SS and Police Corps During the Holocaust

Jürgen Matthäus

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 116-128

...indoctrination of Himmler’s police and SS apparatus—that part of the Nazi executive that comprised the majority of those directly involved in the murder of European Jewry. Despite its importance, the issue raises...

read more

Ideology and Organizational Culture: Creating the Police Soldier

Edward B. Westermann

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 129-141

...institutional goals and standards established within the entire SS and police complex. In this essay, “organizational culture” refers to the “basic assumptions and beliefs that are shared by members of an organization, that operate...

read more

Becoming Evil: A Model of How Ordinary People Commit Genocide and Mass Killing

James Waller

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 142-156

...peace—and that does not even include the innumerable internal wars and police actions. Buried in the midst of all of our progress in the twentieth century were well over a hundred million persons who met a violent death at the...

III. Gender and Sexual Violence

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 157-158

read more

The Prosecution of Jewish-Gentile Sex in the Race Defilement Trials

Patricia Szobar

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 159-168

...treatment of forced laborers accused of violating prohibitions on sexual contact with Germans within the boundaries of the Reich, and finally the sexualized dehumanization of Jewish and other victims within the Holocaust...

read more

Forced Prostitution in the Nazi Concentration Camps

Christa Schikorra

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 169-178

...who engaged in what the Nazi authorities regarded as errant sexual behavior could come to official attention as suspected prostitutes and be classified as “asocial” or “mentally deficient.” Violations of a bewilderingly large number of regulations could result...

read more

Sexual Violence in the Holocaust: Unique and Typical?

Doris L. Bergen

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 179-200

...Auschwitz, they conducted a crude vaginal search on a teenage girl, who later described the violation in her memoir. Another memoir, by a Polish Jewish woman, recounts the shame of forced nakedness before leering male...

read more

The Jewish Victims of Ravensbrück Camp

Rochelle G. Saidel

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 201-216

...years under the jurisdiction of the Soviet Union and then the German Democratic Republic (GDR), the Ravensbrück memorial site did not mention that there were Jewish prisoners. Just as the portrayals of victims at...

IV. Collaboration and the Eastern Front

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 217-218

read more

Schutzmannschaften in Ukraine and Belarus: Profiles of Local Police Collaborators

Martin Dean

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 219-232

...again in the 1990s. Colonel Scotland’s report is interesting in its attempt to characterize Serafinowicz on the basis of a brief interview. While Scotland clearly underestimated Serafi nowicz’s capacity to commit violent crimes...

read more

“Neighbors” and the Ukrainian Jewish Experience of the Holocaust

Rebecca Golbert

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 233-252

...out or witnessed such spontaneous (and German-incited) massacres against Jews at the beginning of the war. The Jedwabne debate concerns contested sites of the memory of interethnic conflict rather than sites of contemporary conflict in and of themselves...

read more

The Holocaust and the USSR

Harvey Asher

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 253-268

...whom they declared to be the mainstay of the Bolshevik regime. Most of the Jewish victims were machine-gunned in areas near the towns in which they had been rounded up, and sometimes they were killed in public before...

read more

The Nazi Extermination Camps and the Ally to the East: Could the Red Army and Air Force Have Stopped or Slowed the Final Solution?

Jeffrey Herf

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 269-282

...of the final solution of the problem of European Jewry until the end of the war almost without impediment”? During the war and then in the scholarly and public discourse about it afterward in Britain and the United States, the phrase...

V. Dimensions of Memory

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 283-284

read more

How Technology Caused the Holocaust: Martin Heidegger, West German Industrialists, and the Death of Being

Michael Thad Allen

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 285-302

...including human nature, becomes what Heidegger labeled “standing reserve.” The Holocaust supposedly came to pass because an “enframing” mentality led the managers of Auschwitz to approach humanity itself as raw material...

read more

Recent Historiographical Contributionsto the History of the Churches and the Holocaust: The Catholic Case

Suzanne Brown-Fleming

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 303-313

...founded in Rome in 1861 and owned by the Holy See. In an unsigned article on anti-Semitism in heavily Roman Catholic France, the following statement appeared: “true anti- Semitism is and can be in substance nothing...

read more

The Politics of Remembering: The Treatment of the Holocaust in the Soviet Union

Bob Weinberg

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 314-330

...Union. Th e war extracted an incredible toll on the Soviet Union: more than eight million soldiers and at least seventeen million civilians dead, close to two thousand towns and seventy thousand villages razed to the ground, and thirty thousand...

VI. Documentary

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 331-332

read more

Documenting the Liberation of the Camps: The Case of Aleksander Ford’s Vernichtungslager Majdanek—Cmentarzysko Europy (1944)

Stuart Liebman

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 333-351

...Army attacked south of the Pripet Marshes between Tarnapol and Kovel, and on July 21, the army’s right horn crossed the Bug River in its advance through Poland toward the frontiers of Germany. They stood on the threshold...

read more

Alain Resnais’s Night and Fog: A Turning Point in the History of the Holocaust in France

Christian Delage

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 352-368

...time of thirty- two minutes has made it possible for it to be played in both commercial and art theaters. Moreover, some demanding teachers, among them Henri Agel, organized screenings of the film in their classrooms even before...

read more

Trial as Documentary: Images of Eichmann

Lawrence Douglas

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 369-384

...The Eichmann trial provides an exemplary subject for such a study inasmuch as the trial marked an unprecedented intrusion of television-video technology into a legal setting. As is well known, Capital Cities, an American...

VII. Historiography and Pedagogy

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 385-386

read more

Polish-Jewish Relations and Neighbors by Jan T. Gross: Politics, Public Opinion, and Historical Methodology

Piotr Wróbel

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 387-399

...have also participated in the Jedwabne polemic. Initially, I belonged among those scholars who believed that this controversy constituted one of the most important Polish national debates during the contemporary post- Communist era. The Polish- language...

read more

The Normalization of Memory: Saul Friedländer’s Reflections of Nazism Twenty Years Later

Gavriel D. Rosenfeld

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 400-410

...Among his many achievements, Friedländer has notably helped make us aware of a phenomenon that is now commonly referred to as “the normalization of memory.” He is probably our most perceptive analyst of...

read more

The Holocaust and Comparative Genocide

Eric D. Weitz

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 411-424

...recognize the point fairly quickly as they peruse the syllabus and see that it takes about one third of the semester just to get the Nazis to power. I also tell them in the first minutes that my goal is to teach many aspects of the...

read more

Notes on Contributors

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 425-430

...is a senior researcher at the Netherlands Institute for War Documentation (NIOD). He has published a trilogy of books and several articles on looting and restitution...