Cover

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Title Page, Series Page, Copyright

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Contents

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pp. v-vi

List of Illustrations

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pp. vii-viii

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Preface

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pp. ix-xiv

In inviting the reader to embark upon the present peregrination in the intellectual history of Balkan society in the eighteenth century, I should first clarify for her or him the meaning with which my major conceptual category is to be used and second acquaint them with the protagonist of my story. ...

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Acknowledgments

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pp. xv-xvi

The final version of this book has been written in the congenial environment of Clare Hall, Cambridge. I am grateful to the president and fellows of Clare Hall for electing me to a visiting fellowship in 1989-1990, which enabled me to finish this and other projects in the stimulating atmosphere of Cambridge ...

Note on Transliteration

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pp. xvii-xviii

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Introduction

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pp. 3-14

The idea of social science as a comprehensive theory of society and its deeper dynamic developed from the eighteenth century onward in a conscious reaction against the "biographical" approach to the historical process and collective life. The biographical method had its roots in the humanist tradition and more specifically in a conception of history ...

Part I. Itineraries of a Life

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1. The Unknown Years

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pp. 17-28

Iosiops Moisiodax is the most fascinating enigma in Greek letters. Almost no details that conventionally delineate an individual's biographical coordinates are available to us in his case. His origins, the precise dates of his birth and death, and even his real name are all lost. ...

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2. Challenges

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pp. 29-50

In search of what he had been unable to find at the schools of Thessaloniki and Smyrna, Moisiodax turned to the recently reorganized school on Mount Athos. In July 1753, Evgenios Voulgaris, who was noted for his innovative teaching, on account of which he was involved in serious intellectual disputes at Ioannina and Kozani, ...

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3. Endeavors

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pp. 51-68

After his studies in Padua, his journey in Central Europe, and the publication of the Moral Philosophy, all traces of Moisiodax are lost for three years. His return journey took him not to the Aegean, the scene of his initial educational strivings, but to the Danubian lands, whence his long peregrinations had begun. ...

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4. The Crisis

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pp. 69-94

Iosiops reappeared on the stage of Greek culture in 1776, when he left Wallachia to seek the protection of the prince of Moldavia, his former patron, Grigorios Alexandras Ghikas, who had returned to the Moldavian throne in 1773. He viewed his obligation to leave Bucharest and the independent life of study and writing as a great misfortune.1 ...

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5. Perseverance

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pp. 95-110

Moisiodax's departure from Bra┼čov in 1777 marked the beginning of four years of wandering in Central Europe that made him complain bitterly that he had been reduced to the situation of "a vagabond in foreign lands, frequently in want of my very daily sustenance, made old before my time by hardships and, the worst of all for a sensitive man, ...

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6. The Later Years

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pp. 111-127

After the publication of the Theory of Geography, Moisiodax left Vienna for the last time and returned to Bucharest. His overtures to the princes did not, of course, procure for him the finance for his ambitious publication program, but they apparently did at least give him the opportunity to earn his living at court. ...

Part II. The Coherence of a Vision

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7. Ancients and Moderns

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pp. 133-142

The theoretical parameters of Moisiodax's thought were determined by the quarrel of the Ancients and Moderns. This intellectual dispute had set its seal on the history of European culture in the seventeenth century,1 though the prehistory of the conflict may be traced much earlier to the controversies arising out of the emergence of humanism during the Renaissance.2 ...

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8. Science as a Vocation

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pp. 143-152

The stance adopted by Moisiodax in the quarrel of the Ancients and Moderns, a partial expression of his broader philosophical and scientific convictions, epitomizes the intellectual outlook of a champion of the new natural science of the Enlightenment. His attitude was shaped by a number of intellectual presuppositions that formed the shared basis on which the "natural philosopher" of the Enlightenment worked. ...

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9. Pedagogy as Social Criticism

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pp. 153-166

The Greek reform envisaged by Iosipos for Greek culture was to be informed by the ideals of modern science and "sound philosophy." The specific mechanisms and methods of the reform were proposed within the context of the pedagogical views he had culled from the work of John Locke and adapted to the realities of Greek educational practice.1 ...

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10. Images of the Polity

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pp. 167-182

The conventional view of Moisiodax's political thought connects him with the theory of enlightened absolutism, predominant in Phanariot circles; it constituted the political expression of the earlier phase of the Greek Enlightenment. Dimitrios Katartzis presented the classic statement of this political orientation in the intellectual circles within which Moisiodax moved during the twenty years of his maturity. ...

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Epilogue

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pp. 183-192

The significance of Moisiodax's place in eighteenth-century Greek and more broadly Southeastern European culture hinges on two factors. First, a number of crucial features of the process of cultural change in Balkan society are encapsulated in his experience; second, though his career in this sense embodied wider phenomena, ...

Bibliography

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pp. 193-198

Index

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pp. 199-203

Image Plates

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