Cover

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Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

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pp. i-vi

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Preface

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pp. vii-viii

...for me the attraction. They are extremely well written and well thought out; clear, eloquent, to the point; humorous at times, at other times philosophically subtle and psychologically perceptive. Moreover, since...

Contents

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pp. ix-xii

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Introduction

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pp. 3-16

...without and factionalism and intrigue within. It mattered very much who one's friends were and what were one's family ties. Whether to serve as an official was a very serious question. And many young men, who because...

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Translator's Note

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pp. 17-20

...allusions, quotations, etc. noted in the translation have been identified by him. I wish to acknowledge this at the outset and not add it with every note. Tai Ming-yang sometimes goes too far with his annotation, but all in all he has done a splendid...

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Hsi K'ang - An Essay on Nourishing Life

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pp. 21-30

...immortals are not seen with the eyes, nonetheless they are cited in books and records and [their lives] are narrated in the former histories. When we compare these and discuss it, their existence becomes certain. But it seems that they uniquely receive a special breath. They are endowed...

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Hsiang Hsiu - A Refutation of Hsi K'ang's Essay on Nourishing Life

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pp. 31-37

...cannot escape wind and rain or avoid hatchet and axe. He [also] differs from birds and beasts. Birds and beasts cannot get away from traps and nets or flee from the heat and the cold. He has activity to make contact...

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Hsi K'ang - An Answer to Hsiang Hsiu's Refutation of My Essay on Nourishing Life

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pp. 38-70

...when grubs abound the wood decays, and when desires win out the body withers. This being so, desires and life cannot together endure, and fame and your body cannot both be maintained. This can generally be known. And yet the world has never understood it. They [people of the...

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Hsi K'ang - Music Has in It Neither Grief nor Joy

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pp. 71-106

...please allow us to hear the explanation." The host responded: "Our understanding of this has for long been obstructed, and no one has been willing to come to the rescue. This has caused successive generations to be in error...

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Hsi K'ang - Dispelling Self-Interest

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pp. 107-119

...transcend the moral teachings' and follow nature; since his feelings do not cling to that which he desires, he can carefully examine noble and mean and thoroughly understand the essential nature of things. Since the nature...

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Hsi K'ang - An Essay on Kuan and Ts'ai

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pp. 120-125

...sense this lack of good in their sons [in the one case], and their brothers [in the other]. In fact, they put them in charge of the defeated and exhausted masses of rebellious Yin, glorifying them with honor and noble...

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Hsi K'ang - An Essay on Wisdom and Courage

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pp. 126-134

...receiving, some got much and some got little; therefore, in talents and in nature there are those who are dull and those who are bright. It is only the Perfect Man who uniquely combines all unblemished beauties, who unites and embraces both inner and outer, who has nothing that...

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Chang Miao - People Naturally Delight in Learning

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pp. 135-138

...delighted; when we meet opposition we are angered. Rebellion and separation make us sad; compliance and harmony cause joy. Birth and nurture we love; opposition to what we like we hate. When we are hungry we want to...

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Hsi K'ang - A Refutation of Chang Miao's Essay--People Naturally Delight in Learning

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pp. 139-143

...declined—it was then they began to make writings in order to transmit their ideas. They differentiated and distinguished the many things, setting up "species" and "families". They created and established benevolence and righteousness to encircle and close in their minds...

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Juan K'an - Residence is Devoid of Good and Bad Fortune: You Must Rather Preserve Your Life

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pp. 144-154

...what do these arise? From not understanding human nature and fate, and not knowing about calamity and blessing. Since people do not understand [them]; they pursue things falsely, and since they do not know about [them], they pray for luck...

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Hsi K'ang - A Refutation of Juan K'an's Essay--Residence is Devoid of Good and Bad Fortune: You Must Rather Preserve Your Life

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pp. 155-168

...abilities might exhaust their resources, none would understand the principles involved, and it is easy by this to become confused about the Way. Therefore the Master [Confucius] stopped answering when questioned about the end; he was cautious about spirits and prodigies and...

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Juan K'an - An Explanation to Hsi K'ang's Refutation of My Essay--Residence Is Devoid of Good and Bad Fortune: You Must Rather Preserve Your Life

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pp. 169-179

...unorthodox prohibitions are set up, the orthodox prohibitions are lost; when house and gravesite are divined, the proper ways of the family suffer; and when [rules about] front and back [of the house or grave] abound, then weird ideas flourish. When you speak of "the spirits," do you mean...

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Hsi K'ang - An Answer to Juan K'an's Explanation to My Refutation of His Essay--Residence Is Devoid of Good and Bad Fortune: You Must Rather Preserve Your Life

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pp. 180-200

...affairs, neither past nor present has changed. This is the reason we have transmitted their teachings. But if it is the profound and mysterious, the spiritual and sublime, or the unspeakable transformation, if you are not the most excellent [kind of being], who is able to share...

Selected Bibliography

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pp. 201-202

Index

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pp. 203-214