Cover

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Title Page, Copyright

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pp. i-vi

Contents

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pp. vii-viii

Maps, Figures, and Tables

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pp. ix-x

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Preface

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pp. xi-xiv

...and political community among the Palestinians. The articles in Book II are by authors who, for several years, had already been collecting and analyzing material within that broad framework. The essays were written independently of each other and of my...

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Contributors

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pp. xv-xvi

...Gabriel Baer is Professor of Middle East History at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. He has written extensively on the social history of the Middle East. Among his books are...

BOOK I

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Introduction

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pp. 3-8

...sympathetic to Zionism have often emphasized the minimal detrimental impact of Jewish activity on the Arabs during the British Mandate or even during the post-1967 period, and have stressed the social and economic benefits...

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The Two Faces of Ottoman Rule: Palestinian Society before World War I

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pp. 9-18

...of the land by the peasants and infiltration by Bedouins from the desert existed. The result was the depopulation of the central plains and valleys by the peasantry. Some relief from the physical insecurity came after the...

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Direct Contact with the West: The British Mandate

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pp. 19-32

...now a separate entity. After a brief flirtation with the possibility of Palestine's inclusion in a Greater Syria under Faysal (who was awarded the kingdom of Iraq by the British after the failure of his Syrian adventure), Palestinian...

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Dispersal and Annexation: Jordanian Rule

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pp. 33-44

...socioeconomic ties forged in the first five decades of the twentieth century, however, a coherent pattern of stratification did not develop. All the new bonds were not adding up to a social structure marked by a degree of homogeneity...

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Israeli Military Rule: Continuity at the Macro-Level

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pp. 45-53

...fighting. Again, estimates of the actual numbers fleeing the West Bank vary widely, but we can say that roughly 200,000 people left during and just after the War. It is clear that the West Bank population was reduced...

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The Impact on Stratification of Employment in Israel: Change at the Micro-Level

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pp. 54-77

...their lives. Although half the population was engaged in farming, the agricultural sector accounted for only one-quarter of GNP. The average income in agriculture was only 60 percent of that in other sectors. Almost 85 percent of the farms were under 25 acres, but these small farms accounted...

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Conclusion

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pp. 78-87

...against partition during the Mandate. A strong, centralized, and integrated society, based on high social cohesion, is not the only possible result of the process of change in an industrial world. Changes that have been induced in non...

APPENDIX

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pp. 88-96

BOOK II

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Introduction

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pp. 99-100

...from the catastrophic wars that have plagued the country in the twentieth century, much as in the past. These recent wars, however, have taken place in the context of other powerful forces—the spread of capitalism from...

PART ONE

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pp. 101-102

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The Office and Functions of the Village Mukhtar

Gabriel Baer

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pp. 103-123

...entitled to elect only one. The term sinif does not specify the character of these groups, which means that the Ottoman legislator intended the existing traditional groups to be represented by the holders of the new office. These were...

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Administrative Policy in Rural Palestine:The Impact of British Norms on Arab Community Life, 1920-1948

Ylana N. Miller

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pp. 124-145

...formulated contradictory imperatives that would hamper the development of a unitary state and lead to severe imbalances in communal growth. The difficulties were partially inherent in the mandate system itself and thus were shared with other...

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West Bank Refugees—Between Camp and Society

Shimon Shamir

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pp. 146-166

...has fled; remaining a refugee implies nonacceptance by another society in which one has sought refuge. The present article focuses on the latter conditions not with the intention of downgrading the import of the circumstances of becoming...

PART TWO

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pp. 167-168

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Conflictual Pressures and Cooperative Interests: Observations on West Bank-Amman Political Relations, 1949-1967

Shaul Mishal

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pp. 169-184

...Palestine sovereign status and the Emirate of Transjordan political authority for its independence. The war, the movement of the Palestinian population to the West Bank, the control of the region by the Jordanian Army (the Arab...

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Politics and Social Change in the West Bank Since 1967

Mark Heller

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pp. 185-211

...historically prominent families that had long dominated Palestinian politics. The basis of state power, however, had changed significantly from the mandatory period. In the years 1947-1949, the elite had been reduced substantially...

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The Dialectics of Palestinian Politics

Donna Robinson Divine

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pp. 212-230

...by examining the effects of conquest and political dependence. We want to establish the connection between these critical elements of the society and the particular texture of its politics. In spite of the semantic problems surrounding the term "society," there are ways for us to learn...

PART THREE

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pp. 231-232

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Legal Protection and Circumvention of Rightsfor Cultivators in Mandatory Palestine

Kenneth W. Stein

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pp. 233-260

...in August 1929, High Commissioner SirJohn Chancellor, himself favorably disposed to Arab claims to Palestine, succinctly defined the intermediary role His Majesty's Government was playing between Arab and Jew. He said that...

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Peasants into Workmen:Internal Labor Migration and the Arab Village Community under the Mandate

Rachelle Taqqu

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pp. 261-286

...onedimensional image of the Palestinian community. This emphasis has grown out of a primary interest in Palestinian nationalism and has sought justification in the structure of Arab politics and society under the Mandate. Nevertheless, an exclusive concern with the role of elites overlooks the social...

Index

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pp. 287-292