Cover

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Title Page, Series Page, Copyright

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pp. i-iv

Contents

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pp. v-vi

Figures

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pp. vii-viii

Tables

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pp. ix-x

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Preface and Acknowledgments

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pp. xi-xiv

...allowing states to count slaves as "three-fifths" of a person. The Civil War transformed the Constitution, making it, in Lincoln's words, a document "dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal." But the Constitution was not...

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1. A Politically Correct Solution to Racial Classification

PAUL E. PETERSON

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pp. 3-18

...work out a moral position and then devise ways of imposing their answers on their fellow citizens are unlikely to have discerned the correct moral position in the first place. Paradoxically, those who first attempt to find a politically satisfactory...

I. Race and Representation

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pp. 19-20

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2. The Representation of Minority Interests

LANI GUINIER

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pp. 21-49

...with the particular bias toward winner-take-all single-member electoral districts common in the United States. This article focuses on the limits of districting as a method for representing minority interests...

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3. Electoral Systems and Minority Representation

KENNETH BENOIT AND KENNETH A. SHEPSLE

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pp. 50-84

...surrounding the operating characteristics of specific democratic design features—Does plurality voting deny representation to supporters of losing candidates? Will at-large or racially gerrymandered districting best guarantee minority representation...

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4. Racial Fairness in Legislative Redistricting

GARY KING, JOHN BRUCE, AND ANDREW GELMAN

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pp. 85-110

...jurisprudence, and advocacy, but very little serious academic scholarship. We attempt to elucidate how basic concepts about "color-blind" societies, and similar normative preferences, can generate specific practical standards for racial fairness in representation...

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5. Race, Representation, and Redistricting

DAVID IAN LUBLIN

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pp. 111-126

...new majority-minority districts has come under increasingly intense attack from both the right and the left. Advocates of racial redistricting claim that few African Americans or Latinos would win election to the House of Representatives without...

II. Race and Institutional Development

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pp. 127-128

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6. African Americans in U.S. Social Policy

THEDA SKOCPOL

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pp. 129-155

...United States. America developed a welfare state very belatedly and incompletely, my colleagues argued, in large part because workers have always been divided by ethnicity and—especially—by race. Throughout U.S. history, it was further...

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7. Race and the Organization of Welfare Policy

ROBERT C. LIEBERMAN

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pp. 156-187

...collective attitudes or to underlying social and economic factors. The politics of race, in these accounts, appears as a horrible deviation from America's true liberal and pluralist path. But the persistence of racial classification as a force in American...

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8. National Parties and Racial Disenfranchisement

RICHARD M. VALELLY

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pp. 188-216

...the poll tax and the like—intended to destroy their political opposition. When they finished around 1910, they had in effect killed off African American voting in this country, since the great majority of African Americans lived in the South. Lacking robust political representation, black Americans became...

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9. The Politics of Racial Isolation in Europe and America

MARGARET WEIR

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pp. 217-242

...slowed and unemployment has risen. In the face of racial conflict and ethnic disadvantage, the press and some politicians have warned that European nations are developing American-style ghettos, populated by ethnic minorities who are excluded from the mainstream...

III. Race Politics

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pp. 243-244

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10. Racial Group Competition in Urban Elections

DAVID IAN LUBLIN AND KATHERINE TATE

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pp. 245-261

...electorally based political activism was more vigorously pursued at the local level. Not only were fewer state and national officials popularly elected as they are today, but American political parties during this period were more involved in mass participation at the local level of politics than nationally. Urban politics during this era...

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11. The Color of Urban Campaigns

DAVID HAYWOOD METZ AND KATHERINE TATE

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pp. 262-277

...According to Thomas Pettigrew, "the fact that a leading candidate for mayor is a Negro becomes a dominant feature for both white and black voters, overwhelming in importance political party identification in Cleveland and Gary and scandals...

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12. Religious Institutions and African American Political Mobilization

FREDRICK C. HARRIS

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pp. 278-310

...formal and informal networks of communication. This chapter surveys the early history of black religious institutions in electoral politics, and argues that during Reconstruction, as now, black churches served as a source of information...

IV. Ethnic Differences in Political Opinions and Participation

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pp. 311-312

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13 .Race and Voter Registration in the South

JAMES E. ALT

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pp. 313-332

...to resolve issues of evidence and measurement that affect a variety of basic but quite specific questions about race and registration. For instance, do black and white registration rates still differ in the South? By how much? What has...

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14. The Effects of Ethnicity on Political Culture

RODOLFO O. DE LA GARZA

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pp. 333-353

...focus on Puerto Ricans for two reasons. First, we agree with the judgment that the several Latino national origin groups are distinct populations and should be analyzed as such.2 Thus, we focus on Puerto Ricans rather than on Hispanics...

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15. Race, Ethnicity, and Political Participation

SIDNEY VERBA, KAY LEHMAN SCHLOZMAN, AND HENRY BRADY

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pp. 354-378

...equal consideration of citizen preferences: one person, one vote—would seem to be a necessary condition for democracy. This paper compares the political participation of three groups defined by their race or ethnicity—African...

References

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pp. 379-406

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Contributors

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pp. 407-408

...RODOLFO O. DE LA GARZA is Mike Hogg Professor of Community Affairs in the Department of Government at the University of Texas at Austin and Vice-President of the Tomas Rivera Center, a Latino Policy Institute...

Index

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pp. 409-422