Cover

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Title Page, Copyright, In Memoriam

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Contents

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pp. vii-viii

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Acknowledgments

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pp. ix-x

I have incurred a considerable number of debts in the course of writing this book, having depended throughout on the kindness of strangers and friends. My first thanks go to my professors, Joan Scott, Volker Berghahn, Mary Gluck, and Dietrich Rueschemeyer. ...

Map of Baden in the 1840s

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p. 2

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Introduction

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pp. 3-18

Which is more expressive of true Christianity," the preeminent German liberal Friedrich Hecker asked in 1845, "to leave people's consciences in liberty or to subject them to spiritual coercion?"1 Hecker raised this question in a tract demanding that a just-then emerging movement of Christian dissenters be granted freedom of worship and political rights ...

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1. Bodies and Souls

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pp. 19-52

The Grand Duchy of Baden was well known to be nineteenth-century Germany's most liberal state. Ruled (from 1831 on) by an enlightened monarch and his like-minded bureaucrats, Baden was also home to many of Germany's most illustrious liberal and radical-democratic publicists and activists. ...

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2. Jewish Emancipation and Jewish Difference

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pp. 53-84

The assumption that German Jews owed their emancipation to the rise of German liberalism saturates German history and Jewish studies scholarship. Although occasionally one or another scholar documents some liberals' ambivalence or hostility toward Jews, the general consensus that liberals were Jews' most reliable friends, ...

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3. (Wo)Men's Emancipation and Women's Difference

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pp. 85-110

In the last few years it has become an established consensus among German women's history scholars that the first organized German women's movement had its origins in the religious dissenting movement of the 1840s.1 The strong support for women's equality voiced by the dissenting movement's male leaders, ...

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4. Problematics of Philosemitism

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pp. 111-139

The 1840s were a crucial moment in the development of Jewish-Christian relations in Germany. One reason for this was that the 1840s were a period of tremendous internal struggle within Christianity. On the one hand, this decade saw the successful revival of conservative theological trends within both Protestantism and Catholicism, ...

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5. The Feminist Conundrum

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pp. 140-166

Although some contemporary feminists insist that women are fundamentally different from men, and that the goal of feminism is to reorganize society in line with "female values," many of the most sophisticated feminist theorists of the 1980s and 1990s have challenged the "commonsense" notion that differences between men and women are self-evident or grounded in nature. ...

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Conclusion

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pp. 167-174

Developments in 1830s and 1840s Baden reveal that neither secularization nor religious revival were straightforward processes. Instead, the pre-revolutionary era brought an ever-increasing interpenetration of religious and political matters, as religious reformers turned to political authorities for redress of their grievances, ...

Abbreviations Used in Notes

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pp. 175-176

Notes

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pp. 177-226

Bibliography

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pp. 227-246

Index

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pp. 247-252

Series Page

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