In this Book

The Era of the Individual
summary

With the publication of French Philosophy of the Sixties, Alain Renaut and Luc Ferry in 1985 launched their famous critique against canonical figures such as Foucault, Derrida, and Lacan, bringing under rigorous scrutiny the entire post-structuralist project that had dominated Western intellectual life for over two decades. Their goal was to defend the accomplishments of liberal democracy, particularly in terms of basic human rights, and to trace the reigning philosophers' distrust of liberalism to an "antihumanism" inherited mainly from Heidegger. In The Era of the Individual, widely hailed as Renaut's magnum opus, the author explores the most salient feature of post-structuralism: the elimination of the human subject. At the root of this thinking lies the belief that humans cannot know or control their basic natures, a premise that led to Heidegger's distrust of an individualistic, capitalist modern society and that allied him briefly with Hitler's National Socialist Party. While acknowledging some of Heidegger's misgivings toward modernity as legitimate, Renaut argues that it is nevertheless wrong to equate modernity with the triumph of individualism. Here he distinguishes between individualism and subjectivity and, by offering a history of the two, powerfully redirects the course of current thinking away from potentially dangerous, reductionist views of humanity.

Renaut argues that modern philosophy contains within itself two opposed ways of conceiving the human person. The first, which has its roots in Descartes and Kant, views human beings as subjects capable of arriving at universal moral judgments. The second, stemming from Leibniz, Hegel, and Nietzsche, presents human beings as independent individuals sharing nothing with others. In a careful recounting of this philosophical tradition, Renaut shows the resonances of these traditions in more recent philosophers such as Heidegger and in the social anthropology of Louis Dumont.

Renaut's distinction between individualism and subjectivity has become an important issue for young thinkers dissatisfied with the intellectual tradition originating in Nietzsche and Heidegger. Moreover, his proclivity toward the Kantian tradition, combined with his insights into the shortcomings of modernity, will interest anyone concerned about today's shifting cultural attitudes toward liberalism.

Originally published in 1999.

The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These paperback editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. restricted access Download |
  1. Title Page, Series Page, Copyright
  2. restricted access Download |
  1. Contents
  2. p. v
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. Foreword
  2. pp. vii-viii
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. Translator's Note
  2. M. B. DeBevoise
  3. pp. xix-xx
  4. restricted access Download |
  1. Preface
  2. pp. xxi-xxxii
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. I. Readings of Modernity
  2. pp. 3-4
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 1. Heidegger: The Reign of the Subject
  2. pp. 5-30
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 2. Dumont: The Triumph of the Individual
  2. pp. 31-60
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. II. Logic of Philosophy
  2. pp. 61-62
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 3. Leibniz: The Monadological Idea and the Birth of the Individual
  2. pp. 63-89
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 4. Berkeley and Hume: The Empiricist Monadologies and the Dissolution of the Subject
  2. pp. 90-116
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 5. Hegel and Nietzsche: Development of the Monadologies
  2. pp. 117-140
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. III. Transcendence and Autonomy: The End of the Monadologies
  2. pp. 141-142
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. Preamble: Phenomenology and Criticism
  2. pp. 143-144
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 6. Levinas: The Rupture of Immanence
  2. pp. 145-168
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 7. Kant: The Horizon of Transcendence
  2. pp. 169-202
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. Notes
  2. pp. 203-242
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. Bibliography
  2. pp. 243-252
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. Index
  2. pp. 253-260
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. About the author
  2. pp. 261-261
  3. restricted access Download |
Back To Top

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. Without cookies your experience may not be seamless.