History of the Linotype Company
Publication Year: 2014
Published by: RIT Press
Title page, Copyright, Dedication
There are lots of books about Ottmar Mergenthaler and the invention of the Linotype. This one brings together in one place all the major documents and all the corporate information. It is a time capsule of just about everything the company did...
David Pankow for his vision and encouragement
Matthew Carter for reviewing the first draft
Mike Parker for what was his last interview
Andrea Gallo for typing most of the historic documents...
Tradition has it that type from the first Linotype machine was used for portions of the New York Tribune editorial page of July 3, 1886. The Linotype matrices in the machine the night before that day’s paper...
1. Clephane's History of the Linotype
On December 1, 1910, an obituary appeared in The New York Times for a man who had been the guiding spirit behind the development of the typewriter, the Linotype typesetter, Alexander Graham Bell’s...
2. Linotype's Early Years: Great Expectations and Unforeseen Betrayals
The earliest years of the company were difficult ones. Two documents in particular describe the excitement, conflict, and pettiness that plagued the Linotype’s development.
The first is an excerpt from Melville E. Stone’s...
3. Mackey's 1936 History of the Linotype Company
In 1936, Joseph T. Mackey, then president of the Mergenthaler Linotype Company, wrote a history to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the day on which the first Linotype machine was put to practical...
4. Mergenthaler's Linotype Machines, 1883-1972
The Linotype machine was a work in progress. Over its production life, it underwent changes, modifications, and additions (by both the company and third parties). Its basic operating principles did not...
5. The Logotype and Other Competitors
Ottmar Mergenthaler was very sensitive to criticism regarding his inventions. When the Monotype was introduced in 1890, he heard that its ability to correct one character at a time was superior to the...
6. The Intertype
By 1905 the basic Linotype patents had expired, which opened the company up to competition. Hermann Ridder, of New York state, had always been interested in composing machines and had previously worked with the Monoline and Victorline...
7. John Rogers: Inventor, and Perfecter of the Linotype
This is a fascinating story about an early crisis for Linotype and how a small piece of metal and a midwestern mechanical engineer saved the Linotype Company...
8. Key People Who Built the Company, 1888-1960
Philip Tell Dodge was born in Fond du Lac, Wisconsin, July 11, 1851. His father later published a newspaper in Minnesota, but when the boy was ten years old the family moved back to Schenectady...
9. The War Years
Because of Linotype’s expertise in mechanical engineering, it was one of the many U.S. companies that joined in the war effort during World War II. This relationship involved manufacturing bombsights...
10. The Business of Type
Early in the company’s history Ottmar Mergenthaler made his type punches by hand, cutting them, just as Gutenberg did. Thus the first Linotype types were inconsistent and slow to produce...
11. Mergenthaler Expands Beyond the Linotype
The Mergenthaler Linotype Company made and sold more than just linecasters and type. It manufactured duplicator presses; sold sheet-fed presses made in Italy, web presses made in Seattle, and color...
12. Linotype's Periodicals and Special Publications
Linotype began publishing a periodical for customers and business prospects in 1904. The first, The Linotype Bulletin was a collection of articles on maintenance, typography, user news, and corporate...
13. Mergenthaler Offices and Factories
Mergenthaler opened his first machine shop in Baltimore in 1883 and developed the prototype for his first mechanized typesetting machine on Bank Lane in a block now bounded by Charles, Baltimore...
14. My Life at Linotype
There was almost no parking around 29 Ryerson Street, Brooklyn 5, NY, so most of us arrived by bus. A bus connected the IRT subway line and the Long Island Railroad stations at the Williamsburg Savings...
15. The Phototypesetting Era and Corporate Mergers
Linotype would introduce 16 major models of photographic typesetter between 1958 and 1995. After 1995, the market eliminated typesetting as a separate step in the pre-press process with desktop publishing...
16. The Eltra Era: Linotype Becomes a Modern Conglomerate
In 1962 Fortune magazine released a report citing Mergenthaler Linotype as the 217th largest industrial company in America.1 In 1963 the report’s data did not list Mergenthaler Linotype, but instead a...
There were rumors that Mergenthaler died destitute in a poorhouse (though he actually died in his home), and by some accounts Mergenthaler was considered a millionaire. Some measure of his wealth can be...
18. Mergenthaler Linotype Chronology
Ottmar Mergenthaler is born on May 11 in Hachtel, Bad Mergentheim, Germany. He is the fourth child of village schoolteacher Johann Georg Mergenthaler (1820–1893) and Rosine Ackermann (1828–1859)...
The X Project began in earnest in 1958 when sales of the Intertype Monarch were having a sig-nifi-cant effect on Linotype sales. The Monarch was designed to run from paper tape and was affecting...
Fonts Manufactured by Linotype or its Subsidiaries
Page Count: 480
Illustrations: 650 illustrations, some color
Publication Year: 2014
OCLC Number: 888805967
MUSE Marc Record: Download for History of the Linotype Company