In this Book

University of Minnesota Press
summary

Spain and Portugal in the New World, 1492-1700 was first published in 1984. Minnesota Archive Editions uses digital technology to make long-unavailable books once again accessible, and are published unaltered from the original University of Minnesota Press editions.

Spanish and Portuguese expansion substantially altered the social, political, and economic contours of the modern world. In his book, Lyle McAlister provides a narrative and interpretive history of the exploration and settlement of the Americas by Spain and Portugal.

McAlister divides this period (and the book) into three parts. First, he describes the formation of Old World societies with particular attention to those features that influenced the directions and forms of overseas expansion. Second, he traces the dynamic processes of conquest and colonization that between 1492 and about 1570 firmly established Spanish and Portuguese dominion in the New World. The third part deals with colonial growth and consolidation down to about 1700. McAlister's main themes are: the post-conquest territorial expansion that established the limits of what later came to be called Latin America, the emergence of distinctively Spanish and Portuguese American societies and economies, the formation of systems of imperial control and exploitation, and the ways in which conflicts between imperial and American interests were reconciled.

This comprehensive history, with its extensive bibliographic essay and attention to historiographic issues, will be a standard reference for students and scholars of the period.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
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  1. Editor's Foreword
  2. Boyd C. Shafer
  3. pp. ix-xii
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  1. Preface
  2. pp. xiii-xviii
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. xix-xvi
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  1. Part I. Old World Antecedents
  2. pp. 1-2
  1. 1. The Matrix of Hispanic Societies: Reconquista and Repoblación
  2. pp. 3-12
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  1. 2. Reconquest Hispania
  2. pp. 13-40
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  1. 3. Hispanic Expansion in the Old World
  2. pp. 41-70
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  1. Part II. The Establishment of Hispanic Dominion in America, 1492 to About 1570
  2. pp. 71-72
  1. 4. The Conditions of Conquest and Colonization: Geography and Peoples
  2. pp. 73-88
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  1. 5. Mundus Novus: Discovery and Conquest
  2. pp. 89-107
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  1. 6. Colonization: The Populators of the Indies
  2. pp. 108-132
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  1. 7. Instruments of Colonization: The Castilian Municipio
  2. pp. 133-152
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  1. 8. Colonization: Efforts to Incorporate the Indians
  2. pp. 153-181
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  1. 9. The Royal Señorío in the Indies
  2. pp. 182-207
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  1. 10. The Fruits of the Land
  2. pp. 208-230
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  1. 11. The Commerce of the Indies
  2. pp. 231-249
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  1. 12. The Conquest of Brazil
  2. pp. 250-269
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  1. 13. The Colonization of Brazil to About 1570
  2. pp. 270-288
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  1. Part III. Hispanic American Empires from About 1570 to About 1700
  2. pp. 289-290
  1. 14. The Imperial Context: The Hispanic World in the Age of the Habsburg Kings
  2. pp. 291-304
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  1. 15. Territorial Changes in the Hispanic New World: Contractions, Expansions, Adjustments
  2. pp. 305-331
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  1. 16. Post-Conquest Populations: Components, Numbers, Movements, Distribution
  2. pp. 332-354
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  1. 17. Post-Conquest Economies
  2. pp. 355-390
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  1. 18. American Societies and American Identities
  2. pp. 391-422
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  1. 19. Imperial Systems
  2. pp. 423-451
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  1. 20. Epilogue: European Reactions to Hispanic Expansion in America
  2. pp. 452-480
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 481-510
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  1. Bibliographical Essay
  2. pp. 511-564
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 565-585
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  1. About the Author
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  1. Image Plates
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