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This engaging study traces the development of closed captioning—a field that emerged in the 1970s and 1980s from decades-long developments in cinematic subtitling, courtroom stenography, and education for the deaf. Gregory J. Downey discusses how digital computers, coupled with human mental and physical skills, made live television captioning possible. Downey's survey includess the hidden information workers who mediate between live audiovisual action and the production of visual track and written records. His work examines communication technology, human geography, and the place of labor in a technologically complex and spatially fragmented world. Illustrating the ways in which technological development grows out of government regulation, education innovation, professional profit-seeking, and social activism, this interdisciplinary study combines insights from several fields, among them the history of technology, human geography, mass communication, and information studies.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Frontmatter
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  1. Contents
  2. p. v
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. vii-ix
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  1. Introduction: Invisible Speech-to-Text Systems
  2. pp. 1-13
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  1. Part One. Turning Speech into Text in Three Different Contexts
  2. p. 15
  1. 1. Subtitling Film for the Cinema Audience
  2. pp. 17-52
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  1. 2. Captioning Television for the Deaf Population
  2. pp. 53-102
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  1. 3. Stenographic Reporting for the Court System
  2. pp. 103-151
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  1. Part Two. Convergence in the Speech-to-Text Industry
  2. p. 153
  1. 4. Realtime Captioning for News, Education, and the Court
  2. pp. 155-198
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  1. 5. Public Interest, Market Failure, and Captioning Regulation
  2. pp. 199-243
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  1. 6. Privatized Geographies of Captioning and Court Reporting
  2. pp. 244-274
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  1. Conclusion: The Value of Turning Speech into Text
  2. pp. 275-300
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  1. List of Abbreviations
  2. pp. 301-302
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 303-379
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 381-387
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Additional Information

ISBN
9780801893438
Print ISBN
9780801887109
MARC Record
OCLC
542394374
Pages
400
Launched on MUSE
2012-01-01
Language
English
Open Access
N
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