In this Book

University of Minnesota Press
summary
In the sprawling Northwest, from the upper Mississippi River valley to Puget Sound, no railroad shaped the landscape and society like the Great Northern Railway Company. This is the complete history of that enterprise, from 1856, when the first charter was granted, through the era of James J. Hill—known as the Empire Builder—to its maturation and eventual merger in 1970, when the eight-thousand-mile Great Northern was incorporated into the massive Burlington Northern. The Great Northern Railway highlights the changes brought on by economic, political, social, and technological advances, including world wars, increased competition from other modes of transportation, and tighter government restrictions. The first part of the book (1856–1916) examines the railway’s early strategies and philosophy, relations with employees, and vigorous campaigns to develop the service area. The second part of the history (1916–1970) offers an assessment of a dramatic period of transition for the railroad—international conflicts, the Great Depression, the rise of motor vehicles, increasing labor costs, and stronger unions. Illustrated with more than two hundred maps, period photographs, and drawings, the volume also includes appendixes listing the original track-laying history, track removals, ruling grades on main freight routes, and main line ruling grades from Minneapolis to Seattle.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. viii-x
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  1. Preface
  2. Alfred D. Chandler, Jr.
  3. p. xi
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. p. xii
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  1. Introduction
  2. pp. xiii-xiv
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  1. List of Abbreviations
  2. pp. xv-xvi
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  1. Part I. 1856 to 1916
  2. p. 1
  1. 1 The First Ten Miles
  2. pp. 2-5
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  1. 2 Frustrated by Finance
  2. pp. 5-11
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  1. 3 Growing Pains
  2. pp. 11-18
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  1. 4 Northern Pacific Interlude
  2. pp. 18-24
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  1. 5 Legislation and Litigation
  2. pp. 25-28
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  1. 6 The Associates Gain Control
  2. pp. 28-36
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  1. 7 The Manitoba
  2. pp. 36-49
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  1. 8 Consolidations and Adjustments
  2. pp. 49-54
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  1. 9 From Butte to Buffalo
  2. pp. 54-66
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  1. 10 Tensions in Finance
  2. pp. 66-72
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  1. 11 On to Puget Sound
  2. pp. 72-85
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  1. 12 Creating an Empire
  2. pp. 85-99
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  1. 13 Developing the Northwest
  2. pp. 99-107
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  1. 14 Men and Mallets
  2. pp. 108-120
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  1. 15 Locals, Limiteds, and Liners
  2. pp. 121-130
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  1. 16 Corporate Structure and Finance
  2. pp. 130-136
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  1. 17 "Leading the Band"
  2. pp. 136-146
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  1. Part II. 1916 to 1970
  2. p. 147
  1. Introduction
  2. p. 148
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  1. 18 World War I and the USRA
  2. pp. 148-155
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  1. 19 Of Good News and Bad
  2. pp. 155-161
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  1. 20 Polishing the Operation
  2. pp. 162-172
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  1. 21 Passenger Business and Change
  2. pp. 172-182
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  1. 22 Expansion and Development
  2. pp. 182-191
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  1. 23 An Attempted Merger
  2. pp. 191-195
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  1. 24 Corporate Health
  2. pp. 195-199
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  1. 25 The Tangled Ways of Finance
  2. pp. 199-207
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  1. 26 Traffic and Profits in Adversity
  2. pp. 207-215
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  1. 27 The Pressures of War—Again
  2. pp. 216-230
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  1. 28 Labor-Management Relations in Depression and War
  2. pp. 230-238
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  1. 29 Prosperity Under Stress
  2. pp. 238-248
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  1. 30 John Budd and a Changing Environment
  2. pp. 248-255
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  1. 31 Labor Tensions and Personnel Policies
  2. pp. 256-261
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  1. 32 Economic Development Programs
  2. pp. 261-266
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  1. 33 SD45s and Univac III
  2. pp. 267-278
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  1. 34 "No Sacred Cows—or Goats"
  2. pp. 278-294
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  1. 35 The Last Spike is Never Driven
  2. pp. 294-304
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 305-317
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  1. Appendix A: Original Track-laying Record
  2. pp. 318-325
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  1. Appendix B: Track Removals
  2. pp. 325-327
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  1. Appendix C: Great Northern Railway: Ruling Grades on Main Freight Routes
  2. p. 328
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  1. Appendix D: Northern Pacific: Main Line Ruling Grades Minneapolis—Seattle
  2. p. 328
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  1. Bibliography and Notes on Sources
  2. pp. 329-352
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 353-360
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