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Grace for Grace

The Debates after Augustine and Pelagius


Publication Year: 2014

Published by: The Catholic University of America Press


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Title Page, Copyright Page, Dedication

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pp. ix-x

The term “semi-Pelagian” is an ironic misnomer. This controversy over grace and free will has long remained in the shadows cast by the much better known Pelagian controversy. This book of essays is the first published volume solely dedicated to this understudied...

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Rebecca Harden Weaver

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pp. xi-xxvi

The disputes over grace that arose in the fifth and early sixth centuries in the West reveal not only the absence of any normative doctrine of grace but also the lack of a consensus on the subject. By the end of 418, Augustine of Hippo and the North African Church...


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pp. xxvii-xxviii

Chronology of Key Events

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pp. xxix-xxxii

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1. The Background: Augustine and the Pelagian Controversy

Eugene Teselle

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pp. 1-13

The Pelagian controversy had its origin in two doctrinal questions.1 One concerned the effect of the sin of Adam and Eve upon their descendants. Did it cause moral weakness, mortality, or perhaps even guilt? Or were they created in the same condition as later...

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2. I Timothy 2:4 and the Beginnings of the Massalian Controversy

Roland Teske, SJ

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pp. 14-34

In De vocatione omnium gentium, which it is now agreed that Prosper of Aquitaine wrote ca. 450, he says of 1 Tim. 2:4, “When those who love slanderous struggles read these things, they will say that by such arguments we contradict the apostle who states that God...

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3. Pauci perfectae gratiae intrepidi amatores: The Augustinians in Marseilles

Alexander Y. Hwang

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pp. 35-50

In 426 Augustine received letters from two admirers in Marseilles, Prosper of Aquitaine and Hilary of Marseille.1 Both letters informed Augustine about the growing controversy over his latest teachings on grace—predestination in particular—among the...

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4. Prosper's "Crypto-Pelagians": De ingratis and the Carmen de prouidentia Dei

Raúl Villegas Marín

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pp. 51-71

In 1539 S. Gryphe published at Lyons the most complete edition of Prosper of Aquitaine’s works available at the time. Among them was an extensive carmen which Gryphe edited under the epigraph De prouidentia diuina D. Prosperi Opusculum based on a manuscript...

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5. "Les vers servant aux saints": Didactic Poetry and Anti-Heretical Polemic in the Carmen de Ingratis

Jérémy Delmulle

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pp. 72-96

As Augustine’s disciple, and walking in his footsteps, Prosper joined forces with him to fight for grace. He pursued heresy in all its hidden corners, using verse to help him in his task. Verse is useful to saints— heated poetry makes faith triumph, and heresy tremble....

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6. Prosper's Pneumatology: The Development of an Augustinian

Thomas L. Humphries Jr.

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pp. 97-113

An essay on the development of a particular theologian’s ideas must take several things for granted, including which texts the author wrote and when he wrote them. In the case of Prosper of Aquitaine, historians and theologians meet a perplexing figure for whom...

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7. John Cassian and Augustine

Boniface Ramsey

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pp. 114-130

The careers and reputations of Augustine of Hippo and John Cassian have been linked for sixteen centuries in both life and death. Cassian, who lived from about 360 until the early 430s, was Augustine’s contemporary and, along with him, a product of Latin...

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8. Vincent of Lérins's Commonitorium, Objectiones, and Excerpta: Responding to Augustine's Legacy in Fifth-Century Gaul

Augustine Casiday

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pp. 131-154

Because St. Vincent of Lérins was contemporaneous to the authors, debates, and events that are central to the chapters in this volume, scholars have for centuries attempted to identify his place within the controversies stoked by Augustine and by Pelagius. Primary...

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9. Fulgentius of Ruspe on the Saving Will of God

Francis X. Gumerlock

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pp. 155-179

While early Greek biblical commentators experienced little or no difficulty interpreting the New Testament passage which says that God “wills all humans to be saved and to come to the knowledge of the truth” (1 Tim. 2:4), for Augustine and those who followed...

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10. Augustine, Pelagius, and the Southern Gallic Tradition: Faustus of Rietz's De gratia Dei

Matthew J. Pereira

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pp. 180-207

One of Faustus’s most significant contributions to the southern Gallic theological tradition was his critical use of the twin authorities of the Scriptures and the Church Fathers, which reflected the ascetical tradition of south Gaul a generation after their initial...

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11. Caesarius of Arles, Prevenient Grace, and the Second Council of Orange

Ralph W. Mathisen

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pp. 208-234

In his De gratia, written ca. 471 after the priest Lucidus had been condemned for his predestinarian beliefs at councils at Arles and Lyon, bishop Faustus of Riez rhetorically associated Pelagius— whom everyone everywhere condemned—with Augustine, saying...

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12. Augustine, the Carolingians, and Double Predestination

Brian J. Matz

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pp. 235-270

This chapter uncovers the legacy of the patristic debate over predestination during the ninth century, when the topic came up again in Gaul. During the patristic period, the debate over Augustine’s ideas about predestination was resolved at the II Council of Orange...

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13. An Eastern View: Theodore of Mopsuestia's Against the Defenders of Original Sin

Nestor Kavvadas

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pp. 271-294

The controversy between Augustine and the doctores Gallicani, as well as its predecessor, the Pelagian controversy, have rightly been regarded as most typical of Western, Latin, patristic theology and as indicators of its difference from Eastern, foremost Greek, theological...


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pp. 295-296


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pp. 297-302

Publisher Notes

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E-ISBN-13: 9780813226026
Print-ISBN-13: 9780813226019

Page Count: 320
Publication Year: 2014

OCLC Number: 885292651
MUSE Marc Record: Download for Grace for Grace

Research Areas


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Subject Headings

  • Grace (Theology) -- History of doctrines -- Early church, ca. 30-600.
  • Augustine, Saint, Bishop of Hippo.
  • Pelagianism.
  • Church history -- Primitive and early church, ca. 30-600.
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