Cover

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Title Page, Copyright

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Contents

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p. v

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Preface

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pp. vii-viii

Volume 31 of the Collected Works of Marx and Engels contains the continuation of Marx's economic manuscript of 1861-1863, its central part—"Theories of Surplus Value" (Notebooks VII-XII, pp. 299-636 of the manuscript), the beginning of the manuscript being published in Vol. 30 of the present edition. Marx proceeded here with his historico-critical analysis of the views held by bourgeois political economists—Smith, Ricardo, Rodbertus and...

Works

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pp. 1-2

Economic Manuscripts of 1861-63

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pp. 3-4

A Contribution to the Critique

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pp. 5-5

[I) The Production Process of Capital]

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pp. 6-6

[5) Theories of Surplus Value]

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pp. 7-7

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[c) Adam Smith]

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pp. 8-200

[VII-299] We come now to the last controversial point in Adam Smith's writings which we have to consider: the [VII-300] distinction between productive and unproductive labour. //In addition to the foregoing.5 The following quotation shows how little the insipid Say even understood what the question was:....

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d) Necker

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pp. 200-241

Some quotations from Linguet above have already shown that the nature of capitalist production was clear to him. Nevertheless, Linguet can be brought in here after Necker.75 In his two works Sur la législation et le commerce des grains (first published 1775) and De l'administration des finances de la France etc., Necker shows how the development of the productive powers of labour merely results in the worker requiring less time for the reproduction of his...

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e) Linguet

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pp. 241-245

In accordance with the plan of my work socialist and communist writers are entirely excluded from the historical reviews.93 These reviews are only intended to show on the one hand in what form the political economists criticised each other, and on the other hand the historically determining forms in which the laws of political economy were first stated and further developed. In dealing with surplus value I therefore exclude such eighteenthcentury writers as...

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f) Bray

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pp. 245-250

Since human existence is determined by labour, and labour presupposes means of labour ... "the great field for all exertion and the raw material of all wealth—the earth—must bea the common property of all its inhabitants" (p. 28). "Life is dependent upon food, food upon labour, those dependencies are absolute. Therefore, if labour be evaded by any individual, it can be thus evaded by individuals only on the condition of increased labour by the mass" (p. 31). "All the wrongs and the woes which man has ever committed or endured, may be traced to the...

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g) Mr. Rodbertus

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pp. 254-400

The following remark has to be made beforehand: supposing the necessary wage =10 hours, then this is most easily explained in the following manner. If 10 hours' labour (i.e., a sum of money =10 hours) enabled the agricultural labourer, on an average, to purchase all the necessary means of subsistence, agricultural, industrial products, etc., then this is the average wage for UNSKILLED LABOUR. We are thus...

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h) Ricardo

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pp. 400-579

In SECTION III of the first chapter Ricardo explains that the statement: the value of the commodity is determined by labour time, includes not only the labour directly employed on the commodity in the final labour process but also the labour time contained in the raw material and the means of labour that are required for the production of the commodity. Thus it applies not only to the labour time contained in the newly added labour which has been bought...

Addenda

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pp. 579-584

Notes and Indexes

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p. 581

Notes

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pp. 587-601

Name Index

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pp. 602-606

Index of Quoted and Mentioned Literature

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pp. 607-614

Index of Periodicals

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p. 615